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Title: Hydrogen axion star: metallic hydrogen bound to a QCD axion BEC

As a cold dark matter candidate, the QCD axion may form Bose-Einstein condensates, called axion stars, with masses around 10 -11M⊙ . In this paper, we point out that a brand new astrophysical object, a Hydrogen Axion Star (HAS), may well be formed by ordinary baryonic matter becoming gravitationally bound to an axion star. Here, we study the properties of the HAS and nd that the hydrogen cloud has a high pressure and temperature in the center and is likely in the liquid metallic hydrogen state. Because of the high particle number densities for both the axion star and the hydrogen cloud, the feeble interaction between axion and hydrogen can still generate enough internal power, around 10 13W (m a/=5 meV) 4, to make these objects luminous point sources. Furthermore, high resolution ultraviolet, optical and infrared telescopes can discover HAS via black-body radiation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-95ER40896
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Beyond Standard Model; Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM
OSTI Identifier:
1368035