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Title: 3D-Printing of Meso-structurally Ordered Carbon Fiber/Polymer Composites with Unprecedented Orthotropic Physical Properties

Here we report the first example of a class of additively manufactured carbon fiber reinforced composite (AMCFRC) materials which have been achieved through the use of a latent thermal cured aromatic thermoset resin system, through an adaptation of direct ink writing (DIW) 3D-printing technology. We have developed a means of printing high performance thermoset carbon fiber composites, which allow the fiber component of a resin and carbon fiber fluid to be aligned in three dimensions via controlled micro-extrusion and subsequently cured into complex geometries. Characterization of our composite systems clearly show that we achieved a high order of fiber alignment within the composite microstructure, which in turn allows these materials to outperform equivalently filled randomly oriented carbon fiber and polymer composites. Moreover, our AM carbon fiber composite systems exhibit highly orthotropic mechanical and electrical responses as a direct result of the alignment of carbon fiber bundles in the microscale which we predict will ultimately lead to the design of truly tailorable carbon fiber/polymer hybrid materials having locally programmable complex electrical, thermal and mechanical response.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-709557
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; composites; computational science
OSTI Identifier:
1368030

Lewicki, James P., Rodriguez, Jennifer N., Zhu, Cheng, Worsley, Marcus A., Wu, Amanda S., Kanarska, Yuliya, Horn, John D., Duoss, Eric B., Ortega, Jason M., Elmer, William, Hensleigh, Ryan, Fellini, Ryan A., and King, Michael J.. 3D-Printing of Meso-structurally Ordered Carbon Fiber/Polymer Composites with Unprecedented Orthotropic Physical Properties. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/srep43401.
Lewicki, James P., Rodriguez, Jennifer N., Zhu, Cheng, Worsley, Marcus A., Wu, Amanda S., Kanarska, Yuliya, Horn, John D., Duoss, Eric B., Ortega, Jason M., Elmer, William, Hensleigh, Ryan, Fellini, Ryan A., & King, Michael J.. 3D-Printing of Meso-structurally Ordered Carbon Fiber/Polymer Composites with Unprecedented Orthotropic Physical Properties. United States. doi:10.1038/srep43401.
Lewicki, James P., Rodriguez, Jennifer N., Zhu, Cheng, Worsley, Marcus A., Wu, Amanda S., Kanarska, Yuliya, Horn, John D., Duoss, Eric B., Ortega, Jason M., Elmer, William, Hensleigh, Ryan, Fellini, Ryan A., and King, Michael J.. 2017. "3D-Printing of Meso-structurally Ordered Carbon Fiber/Polymer Composites with Unprecedented Orthotropic Physical Properties". United States. doi:10.1038/srep43401. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368030.
@article{osti_1368030,
title = {3D-Printing of Meso-structurally Ordered Carbon Fiber/Polymer Composites with Unprecedented Orthotropic Physical Properties},
author = {Lewicki, James P. and Rodriguez, Jennifer N. and Zhu, Cheng and Worsley, Marcus A. and Wu, Amanda S. and Kanarska, Yuliya and Horn, John D. and Duoss, Eric B. and Ortega, Jason M. and Elmer, William and Hensleigh, Ryan and Fellini, Ryan A. and King, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {Here we report the first example of a class of additively manufactured carbon fiber reinforced composite (AMCFRC) materials which have been achieved through the use of a latent thermal cured aromatic thermoset resin system, through an adaptation of direct ink writing (DIW) 3D-printing technology. We have developed a means of printing high performance thermoset carbon fiber composites, which allow the fiber component of a resin and carbon fiber fluid to be aligned in three dimensions via controlled micro-extrusion and subsequently cured into complex geometries. Characterization of our composite systems clearly show that we achieved a high order of fiber alignment within the composite microstructure, which in turn allows these materials to outperform equivalently filled randomly oriented carbon fiber and polymer composites. Moreover, our AM carbon fiber composite systems exhibit highly orthotropic mechanical and electrical responses as a direct result of the alignment of carbon fiber bundles in the microscale which we predict will ultimately lead to the design of truly tailorable carbon fiber/polymer hybrid materials having locally programmable complex electrical, thermal and mechanical response.},
doi = {10.1038/srep43401},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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