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Title: In situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water reveals ecohydrologic dynamics in managed soil systems [Urban ecohydrologic dynamics revealed by in situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water]

The water cycle in urban and hydrologically managed settings is subject to perturbations that are dynamic on small spatial and temporal scales; the effects of which may be especially profound in soils. We deploy a membrane inlet-based laser spectroscopy system in conjunction with soil moisture and temperature sensors to monitor soil water dynamics and H and O stable isotope ratios (δ 2H and δ 18O values) in a seasonally irrigated urban-landscaped garden soil over the course of 9 months between the cessation of irrigation in the autumn and the onset of irrigation through the summer. Here, we find that soil water δ 2H and δ 18O values predominately reflect seasonal precipitation and irrigation inputs. A comparison of total soil water by cryogenic extraction and mobile soil water measured by in situ water vapor probes reveals that initial infiltration events after long periods of soil drying (the autumn season in this case) emplace water into the soil matrix that is not easily replaced by, or mixed with, successive pulses of infiltrating soil water. Tree stem xylem water H and O stable isotope composition did not match that of available water sources. Our findings suggest that partitioning of soil water into mobilemore » and immobile “pools” and resulting ecohydrologic separation may occur in engineered and hydrologically managed soils and not be limited to natural settings. Furthermore, the laser spectroscopy method detailed here has potential to yield insights in a variety of critical zone and vadose zone studies, potential that is heightened by the simplicity and portability of the system.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, Global Change and Sustainability Center
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-707699
Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0584
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ecohydrology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0584
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; 07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; ecohydrologic separation; irrigation; isotope hydrology; laser spectroscopy; membrane inlet; soil water partitioning; technosol
OSTI Identifier:
1367969

Oerter, Erik J., and Bowen, Gabriel. In situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water reveals ecohydrologic dynamics in managed soil systems [Urban ecohydrologic dynamics revealed by in situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water]. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/eco.1841.
Oerter, Erik J., & Bowen, Gabriel. In situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water reveals ecohydrologic dynamics in managed soil systems [Urban ecohydrologic dynamics revealed by in situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water]. United States. doi:10.1002/eco.1841.
Oerter, Erik J., and Bowen, Gabriel. 2017. "In situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water reveals ecohydrologic dynamics in managed soil systems [Urban ecohydrologic dynamics revealed by in situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water]". United States. doi:10.1002/eco.1841. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367969.
@article{osti_1367969,
title = {In situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water reveals ecohydrologic dynamics in managed soil systems [Urban ecohydrologic dynamics revealed by in situ monitoring of H and O stable isotopes in soil water]},
author = {Oerter, Erik J. and Bowen, Gabriel},
abstractNote = {The water cycle in urban and hydrologically managed settings is subject to perturbations that are dynamic on small spatial and temporal scales; the effects of which may be especially profound in soils. We deploy a membrane inlet-based laser spectroscopy system in conjunction with soil moisture and temperature sensors to monitor soil water dynamics and H and O stable isotope ratios (δ2H and δ18O values) in a seasonally irrigated urban-landscaped garden soil over the course of 9 months between the cessation of irrigation in the autumn and the onset of irrigation through the summer. Here, we find that soil water δ2H and δ18O values predominately reflect seasonal precipitation and irrigation inputs. A comparison of total soil water by cryogenic extraction and mobile soil water measured by in situ water vapor probes reveals that initial infiltration events after long periods of soil drying (the autumn season in this case) emplace water into the soil matrix that is not easily replaced by, or mixed with, successive pulses of infiltrating soil water. Tree stem xylem water H and O stable isotope composition did not match that of available water sources. Our findings suggest that partitioning of soil water into mobile and immobile “pools” and resulting ecohydrologic separation may occur in engineered and hydrologically managed soils and not be limited to natural settings. Furthermore, the laser spectroscopy method detailed here has potential to yield insights in a variety of critical zone and vadose zone studies, potential that is heightened by the simplicity and portability of the system.},
doi = {10.1002/eco.1841},
journal = {Ecohydrology},
number = 4,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}