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Title: Overview of NSTX Upgrade initial results and modelling highlights

Abstract

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has undergone a major upgrade, and the NSTX Upgrade (NSTX-U) Project was completed in the summer of 2015. NSTX-U first plasma was subsequently achieved, diagnostic and control systems have been commissioned, the H-mode accessed, magnetic error fields identified and mitigated, and the first physics research campaign carried out. During ten run weeks of operation, NSTX-U surpassed NSTX record pulse-durations and toroidal fields (TF), and high-performance ~1 MA H-mode plasmas comparable to the best of NSTX have been sustained near and slightly above the n = 1 no-wall stability limit and with H-mode confinement multiplier H98y,2 above 1. Transport and turbulence studies in L-mode plasmas have identified the coexistence of at least two ion-gyro-scale turbulent micro-instabilities near the same radial location but propagating in opposite (i.e. ion and electron diamagnetic) directions. These modes have the characteristics of ion-temperature gradient and micro-tearing modes, respectively, and the role of these modes in contributing to thermal transport is under active investigation. The new second more tangential neutral beam injection was observed to significantly modify the stability of two types of Alfven eigenmodes. Improvements in offline disruption forecasting were made in the areas of identification of rotating MHD modesmore » and other macroscopic instabilities using the disruption event characterization and forecasting code. Finally, the materials analysis and particle probe was utilized on NSTX-U for the first time and enabled assessments of the correlation between boronized wall conditions and plasma performance. These and other highlights from the first run campaign of NSTX-U are described.« less

Authors:
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  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  3. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  9. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  10. Nova Photonics, Princeton, NJ (United States)
  11. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  12. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  13. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  14. The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ (United States)
  15. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  16. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  17. X Science LLC, Plainsboro, NJ (United States)
  18. College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
  19. Lodestar Research Corporation, Boulder, CO (United States)
  20. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  21. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1367916
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 10; Related Information: Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/dsp016w924f316; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; NSTX-U; Spherical tokamak; Alfven Eigenmodes

Citation Formats

Menard, J. E., Allain, J. P., Battaglia, D. J., Bedoya, F., Bell, R. E., Belova, E., Berkery, J. W., Boyer, M. D., Crocker, N., Diallo, A., Ebrahimi, F., Ferraro, N., Fredrickson, E., Frerichs, H., Gerhardt, S., Gorelenkov, N., Guttenfelder, W., Heidbrink, W., Kaita, R., Kaye, S. M., Kriete, D. M., Kubota, S., LeBlanc, B. P., Liu, D., Lunsford, R., Mueller, D., Myers, C. E., Ono, M., Park, J. -K., Podesta, M., Raman, R., Reinke, M., Ren, Y., Sabbagh, S. A., Schmitz, O., Scotti, F., Sechrest, Y., Skinner, C. H., Smith, D. R., Soukhanovskii, V., Stoltzfus-Dueck, T., Yuh, H., Wang, Z., Waters, I., Ahn, J. -W., Andre, R., Barchfeld, R., Beiersdorfer, P., Bertelli, N., Bhattacharjee, A., Brennan, D., Buttery, R., Capece, A., Canal, G., Canik, J., Chang, C. S., Darrow, D., Delgado-Aparicio, L., Domier, C., Ethier, S., Evans, T., Ferron, J., Finkenthal, M., Fonck, R., Gan, K., Gates, D., Goumiri, I., Gray, T., Hosea, J., Humphreys, D., Jarboe, T., Jardin, S., Jaworski, M. A., Koel, B., Kolemen, E., Ku, S., La Haye, R. J., Levinton, F., Luhmann, N., Maingi, R., Maqueda, R., McKee, G., Meier, E., Myra, J., Perkins, R., Poli, F., Rhodes, T., Riquezes, J., Rowley, C., Russell, D., Schuster, E., Stratton, B., Stutman, D., Taylor, G., Tritz, K., Wang, W., Wirth, B., and Zweben, S. J. Overview of NSTX Upgrade initial results and modelling highlights. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa600a.
Menard, J. E., Allain, J. P., Battaglia, D. J., Bedoya, F., Bell, R. E., Belova, E., Berkery, J. W., Boyer, M. D., Crocker, N., Diallo, A., Ebrahimi, F., Ferraro, N., Fredrickson, E., Frerichs, H., Gerhardt, S., Gorelenkov, N., Guttenfelder, W., Heidbrink, W., Kaita, R., Kaye, S. M., Kriete, D. M., Kubota, S., LeBlanc, B. P., Liu, D., Lunsford, R., Mueller, D., Myers, C. E., Ono, M., Park, J. -K., Podesta, M., Raman, R., Reinke, M., Ren, Y., Sabbagh, S. A., Schmitz, O., Scotti, F., Sechrest, Y., Skinner, C. H., Smith, D. R., Soukhanovskii, V., Stoltzfus-Dueck, T., Yuh, H., Wang, Z., Waters, I., Ahn, J. -W., Andre, R., Barchfeld, R., Beiersdorfer, P., Bertelli, N., Bhattacharjee, A., Brennan, D., Buttery, R., Capece, A., Canal, G., Canik, J., Chang, C. S., Darrow, D., Delgado-Aparicio, L., Domier, C., Ethier, S., Evans, T., Ferron, J., Finkenthal, M., Fonck, R., Gan, K., Gates, D., Goumiri, I., Gray, T., Hosea, J., Humphreys, D., Jarboe, T., Jardin, S., Jaworski, M. A., Koel, B., Kolemen, E., Ku, S., La Haye, R. J., Levinton, F., Luhmann, N., Maingi, R., Maqueda, R., McKee, G., Meier, E., Myra, J., Perkins, R., Poli, F., Rhodes, T., Riquezes, J., Rowley, C., Russell, D., Schuster, E., Stratton, B., Stutman, D., Taylor, G., Tritz, K., Wang, W., Wirth, B., & Zweben, S. J. Overview of NSTX Upgrade initial results and modelling highlights. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa600a.
Menard, J. E., Allain, J. P., Battaglia, D. J., Bedoya, F., Bell, R. E., Belova, E., Berkery, J. W., Boyer, M. D., Crocker, N., Diallo, A., Ebrahimi, F., Ferraro, N., Fredrickson, E., Frerichs, H., Gerhardt, S., Gorelenkov, N., Guttenfelder, W., Heidbrink, W., Kaita, R., Kaye, S. M., Kriete, D. M., Kubota, S., LeBlanc, B. P., Liu, D., Lunsford, R., Mueller, D., Myers, C. E., Ono, M., Park, J. -K., Podesta, M., Raman, R., Reinke, M., Ren, Y., Sabbagh, S. A., Schmitz, O., Scotti, F., Sechrest, Y., Skinner, C. H., Smith, D. R., Soukhanovskii, V., Stoltzfus-Dueck, T., Yuh, H., Wang, Z., Waters, I., Ahn, J. -W., Andre, R., Barchfeld, R., Beiersdorfer, P., Bertelli, N., Bhattacharjee, A., Brennan, D., Buttery, R., Capece, A., Canal, G., Canik, J., Chang, C. S., Darrow, D., Delgado-Aparicio, L., Domier, C., Ethier, S., Evans, T., Ferron, J., Finkenthal, M., Fonck, R., Gan, K., Gates, D., Goumiri, I., Gray, T., Hosea, J., Humphreys, D., Jarboe, T., Jardin, S., Jaworski, M. A., Koel, B., Kolemen, E., Ku, S., La Haye, R. J., Levinton, F., Luhmann, N., Maingi, R., Maqueda, R., McKee, G., Meier, E., Myra, J., Perkins, R., Poli, F., Rhodes, T., Riquezes, J., Rowley, C., Russell, D., Schuster, E., Stratton, B., Stutman, D., Taylor, G., Tritz, K., Wang, W., Wirth, B., and Zweben, S. J. Tue . "Overview of NSTX Upgrade initial results and modelling highlights". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa600a. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367916.
@article{osti_1367916,
title = {Overview of NSTX Upgrade initial results and modelling highlights},
author = {Menard, J. E. and Allain, J. P. and Battaglia, D. J. and Bedoya, F. and Bell, R. E. and Belova, E. and Berkery, J. W. and Boyer, M. D. and Crocker, N. and Diallo, A. and Ebrahimi, F. and Ferraro, N. and Fredrickson, E. and Frerichs, H. and Gerhardt, S. and Gorelenkov, N. and Guttenfelder, W. and Heidbrink, W. and Kaita, R. and Kaye, S. M. and Kriete, D. M. and Kubota, S. and LeBlanc, B. P. and Liu, D. and Lunsford, R. and Mueller, D. and Myers, C. E. and Ono, M. and Park, J. -K. and Podesta, M. and Raman, R. and Reinke, M. and Ren, Y. and Sabbagh, S. A. and Schmitz, O. and Scotti, F. and Sechrest, Y. and Skinner, C. H. and Smith, D. R. and Soukhanovskii, V. and Stoltzfus-Dueck, T. and Yuh, H. and Wang, Z. and Waters, I. and Ahn, J. -W. and Andre, R. and Barchfeld, R. and Beiersdorfer, P. and Bertelli, N. and Bhattacharjee, A. and Brennan, D. and Buttery, R. and Capece, A. and Canal, G. and Canik, J. and Chang, C. S. and Darrow, D. and Delgado-Aparicio, L. and Domier, C. and Ethier, S. and Evans, T. and Ferron, J. and Finkenthal, M. and Fonck, R. and Gan, K. and Gates, D. and Goumiri, I. and Gray, T. and Hosea, J. and Humphreys, D. and Jarboe, T. and Jardin, S. and Jaworski, M. A. and Koel, B. and Kolemen, E. and Ku, S. and La Haye, R. J. and Levinton, F. and Luhmann, N. and Maingi, R. and Maqueda, R. and McKee, G. and Meier, E. and Myra, J. and Perkins, R. and Poli, F. and Rhodes, T. and Riquezes, J. and Rowley, C. and Russell, D. and Schuster, E. and Stratton, B. and Stutman, D. and Taylor, G. and Tritz, K. and Wang, W. and Wirth, B. and Zweben, S. J.},
abstractNote = {The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has undergone a major upgrade, and the NSTX Upgrade (NSTX-U) Project was completed in the summer of 2015. NSTX-U first plasma was subsequently achieved, diagnostic and control systems have been commissioned, the H-mode accessed, magnetic error fields identified and mitigated, and the first physics research campaign carried out. During ten run weeks of operation, NSTX-U surpassed NSTX record pulse-durations and toroidal fields (TF), and high-performance ~1 MA H-mode plasmas comparable to the best of NSTX have been sustained near and slightly above the n = 1 no-wall stability limit and with H-mode confinement multiplier H98y,2 above 1. Transport and turbulence studies in L-mode plasmas have identified the coexistence of at least two ion-gyro-scale turbulent micro-instabilities near the same radial location but propagating in opposite (i.e. ion and electron diamagnetic) directions. These modes have the characteristics of ion-temperature gradient and micro-tearing modes, respectively, and the role of these modes in contributing to thermal transport is under active investigation. The new second more tangential neutral beam injection was observed to significantly modify the stability of two types of Alfven eigenmodes. Improvements in offline disruption forecasting were made in the areas of identification of rotating MHD modes and other macroscopic instabilities using the disruption event characterization and forecasting code. Finally, the materials analysis and particle probe was utilized on NSTX-U for the first time and enabled assessments of the correlation between boronized wall conditions and plasma performance. These and other highlights from the first run campaign of NSTX-U are described.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aa600a},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 10,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Overview of NSTX Upgrade Initial Results and Modelling Highlights
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  • Menard, J. E.; Allain, J. P.; Battaglia, D. J.
  • Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
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Overview of NSTX Upgrade Initial Results and Modelling Highlights
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Real-time capable modeling of neutral beam injection on NSTX-U using neural networks
    journal, March 2019


    Overview of NSTX Upgrade Initial Results and Modelling Highlights
    dataset, January 2017

    • Menard, J. E.; Allain, J. P.; Battaglia, D. J.
    • Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
    • DOI: 10.11578/1367890

    Error field impact on mode locking and divertor heat flux in NSTX-U
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    Real-time capable modeling of neutral beam injection on NSTX-U using neural networks
    journal, March 2019


    Error field impact on mode locking and divertor heat flux in NSTX-U
    journal, June 2019