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Title: Test beam performance measurements for the Phase I upgrade of the CMS pixel detector

A new pixel detector for the CMS experiment was built in order to cope with the instantaneous luminosities anticipated for the Phase~I Upgrade of the LHC. The new CMS pixel detector provides four-hit tracking with a reduced material budget as well as new cooling and powering schemes. A new front-end readout chip mitigates buffering and bandwidth limitations, and allows operation at low comparator thresholds. Here in this paper, comprehensive test beam studies are presented, which have been conducted to verify the design and to quantify the performance of the new detector assemblies in terms of tracking efficiency and spatial resolution. Under optimal conditions, the tracking efficiency is $$99.95\pm0.05\,\%$$, while the intrinsic spatial resolutions are $$4.80\pm0.25\,\mu \mathrm{m}$$ and $$7.99\pm0.21\,\mu \mathrm{m}$$ along the $$100\,\mu \mathrm{m}$$ and $$150\,\mu \mathrm{m}$$ pixel pitch, respectively. The findings are compared to a detailed Monte Carlo simulation of the pixel detector and good agreement is found.
Authors:
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  1. Inst. for High Energy Physics, Wien (Austria)
  2. Helsinki Inst. of Physics (Finland)
  3. Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Dept. of Physics
  4. Lappeenranta Univ. of Technology, Lappeenranta (Finland)
  5. Univ. de Lyon, Villeurbanne (France). Inst. de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon
  6. Univ. de Strasbourg (France)
  7. RWTH Aachen Univ. (Germany). I. Physikalisches Inst.
  8. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  9. Univ. of Hamburg (Germany)
  10. Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology (KIT) (Germany). Inst. fur Experimentelle Kernphysik
  11. Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology (KIT) (Germany). Inst. fur Experimentelle Kernphysik
  12. Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Budapest (Hungary)
  13. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Bari (Italy)
  14. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Bari (Italy); Politecnico di Bari (Italy)
  15. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Bari (Italy); Univ. of Bari (Italy)
  16. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Catania (Italy); Univ. of Catania (Italy)
  17. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Catania (Italy)
  18. Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Firenze (Italy); Univ. di Firenze (Italy)
  19. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano-Bicocca (Italy); Univ. di Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
  20. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano-Bicocca (Italy)
  21. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Padova (Italy)
  22. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Padova (Italy); Univ. di Padova (Italy)
  23. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Perugia (Italy); Univ. di Perugia (Italy)
  24. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Perugia (Italy)
  25. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Pisa (Italy)
  26. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Pisa (Italy); Univ. of Pisa (Italy)
  27. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Pisa (Italy); Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS), Pisa (Italy)
  28. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
  29. Federal Inst. of Technology, Zurich (Switzerland). Inst. for Particle Physics
  30. Univ. of Zurich (Switzerland)
  31. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  32. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
  33. Univ. of Bristol (United Kingdom)
  34. Brunel Univ., Uxbridge (United Kingdom)
  35. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  36. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom). Rutherford Appleton Lab. (RAL)
  37. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  38. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States)
  39. The Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC (United States)
  40. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  41. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  42. Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)
  43. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  44. Purdue Univ. Calumet, Hammond, IN (United States)
  45. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  46. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)
  47. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
  48. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  49. Univ. of Mississippi, Oxford, MS (United States)
  50. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  51. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)
  52. Univ. of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez (Puerto Rico)
  53. State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, NY (United States)
  54. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  55. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  56. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  57. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-217-CMS; CMS-NOTE-2017-002
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; 1602169
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 05; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Particle tracking detectors (Solid-state detectors); Solid state detectors; Radiation-hard detectors
OSTI Identifier:
1367899

Dragicevic, M., Friedl, M., Hrubec, J., Steininger, H., Gädda, A., Härkönen, J., Lampén, T., Luukka, P., Peltola, T., Tuominen, E., Tuovinen, E., Winkler, A., Eerola, P., Tuuva, T., Baulieu, G., Boudoul, G., Caponetto, L., Combaret, C., Contardo, D., Dupasquier, T., Gallbit, G., Lumb, N., Mirabito, L., Perries, S., Donckt, M. Vander, Viret, S., Bonnin, C., Charles, L., Gross, L., Hosselet, J., Tromson, D., Feld, L., Karpinski, W., Klein, K., Lipinski, M., Pierschel, G., Preuten, M., Rauch, M., Wlochal, M., Aldaya, M., Asawatangtrakuldee, C., Beernaert, K., Bertsche, D., Contreras-Campana, C., Eckerlin, G., Eckstein, D., Eichhorn, T., Gallo, E., Garcia, J. Garay, Hansen, K., Haranko, M., Harb, A., Hauk, J., Keaveney, J., Kalogeropoulos, A., Kleinwort, C., Lohmann, W., Mankel, R., Maser, H., Mittag, G., Muhl, C., Mussgiller, A., Pitzl, D., Reichelt, O., Savitskyi, M., Schütze, P., Sola, V., Spannagel, S., Walsh, R., Zuber, A., Biskop, H., Buhmann, P., Centis-Vignali, M., Garutti, E., Haller, J., Hoffmann, M., Klanner, R., Lapsien, T., Matysek, M., Perieanu, A., Scharf, Ch., Schleper, P., Schmidt, A., Schwandt, J., Sonneveld, J., Steinbrück, G., Vormwald, B., Wellhausen, J., Abbas, M., Amstutz, C., Barvich, T., Barth, Ch., Boegelspacher, F., Boer, W. De, Butz, E., Casele, M., Colombo, F., Dierlamm, A., Freund, B., Hartmann, F., Heindl, S., Husemann, U., Kornmeyer, A., Kudella, S., Muller, Th., Simonis, H. J., Steck, P., Weber, M., Weiler, Th., Kiss, T., Siklér, F., Tölyhi, T., Veszprémi, V., Cariola, P., Creanza, D., Palma, M. De, Robertis, G. De, Fiore, L., Franco, M., Loddo, F., Sala, G., Silvestris, L., Maggi, G., My, S., Selvaggi, G., Albergo, S., Cappello, G., Costa, S., Mattia, A. Di, Giordano, F., Potenza, R., Saizu, M. A., Tricomi, A., Tuve, C., Focardi, E., Dinardo, M. E., Fiorendi, S., Gennai, S., Malvezzi, S., Manzoni, R. A., Menasce, D., Moroni, L., Pedrini, D., Azzi, P., Bacchetta, N., Bisello, D., Dall'Osso, M., Pozzobon, N., Tosi, M., Solestizi, L. Alunni, Biasini, M., Bilei, G. M., Cecchi, C., Checcucci, B., Ciangottini, D., Fanò, L., Gentsos, C., Ionica, M., Leonardi, R., Manoni, E., Mantovani, G., Marconi, S., Mariani, V., Menichelli, M., Modak, A., Morozzi, A., Moscatelli, F., Passeri, D., Placidi, P., Postolache, V., Rossi, A., Saha, A., Santocchia, A., Storchi, L., Spiga, D., Androsov, K., Azzurri, P., Bagliesi, G., Basti, A., Boccali, T., Borrello, L., Bosi, F., Castaldi, R., Ceccanti, M., Ciocci, M. A., Dell'Orso, R., Donato, S., Fedi, G., Giassi, A., Grippo, M. T., Ligabue, F., Magazzu, G., Mammini, P., Mariani, F., Mazzoni, E., Messineo, A., Moggi, A., Morsani, F., Palla, F., Palmonari, F., Profeti, A., Raffaelli, F., Ragonesi, A., Rizzi, A., Soldani, A., Spagnolo, P., Tenchini, R., Tonelli, G., Venturi, A., Verdini, P. G., Abbaneo, D., Ahmed, I., Albert, E., Auzinger, G., Berruti, G., Bonnaud, J., Daguin, J., D'Auria, A., Detraz, S., Dondelewski, O., Engegaard, B., Faccio, F., Frank, N., Gill, K., Honma, A., Kornmayer, A., Labaza, A., Manolescu, F., McGill, I., Mersi, S., Michelis, S., Onnela, A., Ostrega, M., Pavis, S., Peisert, A., Pernot, J. -F., Petagna, P., Postema, H., Rapacz, K., Sigaud, C., Tropea, P., Troska, J., Tsirou, A., Vasey, F., Verlaat, B., Vichoudis, P., Zwalinski, L., Bachmair, F., Becker, R., di Calafiori, D., Casal, B., Berger, P., Djambazov, L., Donega, M., Grab, C., Hits, D., Hoss, J., Kasieczka, G., Lustermann, W., Mangano, B., Marionneau, M., Arbol, P. Martinez Ruiz del, Masciovecchio, M., Meinhard, M., Perozzi, L., Roeser, U., Starodumov, A., Tavolaro, V., Wallny, R., Zhu, D., Amsler, C., Bösiger, K., Caminada, L., Canelli, F., Chiochia, V., de Cosa, A., Galloni, C., Hreus, T., Kilminster, B., Lange, C., Maier, R., Ngadiuba, J., Pinna, D., Robmann, P., Taroni, S., Yang, Y., Bertl, W., Deiters, K., Erdmann, W., Horisberger, R., Kaestli, H. -C., Kotlinski, D., Langenegger, U., Meier, B., Rohe, T., Streuli, S., Chen, P. -H., Dietz, C., Fiori, F., Grundler, U., Hou, W. -S., Lu, R. -S., Moya, M., Tsai, J. -F., Tzeng, Y. M., Cussans, D., Goldstein, J., Grimes, M., Newbold, D., Hobson, P., Reid, I. D., Auzinger, G., Bainbridge, R., Dauncey, P., Hall, G., James, T., Magnan, A. -M., Pesaresi, M., Raymond, D. M., Uchida, K., Durkin, T., Harder, K., Shepherd-Themistocleous, C., Chertok, M., Conway, J., Conway, R., Flores, C., Lander, R., Pellett, D., Ricci-Tam, F., Squires, M., Thomson, J., Yohay, R., Burt, K., Ellison, J., Hanson, G., Olmedo, M., Si, W., Yates, B. R., Dominguez, A., Bartek, R., Bentele, B., Cumalat, J. P., Ford, W. T., Jensen, F., Johnson, A., Krohn, M., Leontsinis, S., Mulholland, T., Stenson, K., Wagner, S. R., Apresyan, A., Bolla, G., Burkett, K., Butler, J. N., Canepa, A., Cheung, H. W. K., Christian, D., Cooper, W. E., Deptuch, G., Derylo, G., Gingu, C., Grünendahl, S., Hasegawa, S., Hoff, J., Howell, J., Hrycyk, M., Jindariani, S., Johnson, M., Kahlid, F., Kwan, S., Lei, C. M., Lipton, R., Sá, R. Lopes De, Liu, T., Los, S., Matulik, M., Merkel, P., Nahn, S., Prosser, A., Rivera, R., Schneider, B., Sellberg, G., Shenai, A., Siehl, K., Spiegel, L., Tran, N., Uplegger, L., Voirin, E., Berry, D. R., Chen, X., Ennesser, L., Evdokimov, A., Gerber, C. E., Makauda, S., Mills, C., Gonzalez, I. D. Sandoval, Alimena, J., Antonelli, L. J., Francis, B., Hart, A., Hill, C. S., Parashar, N., Stupak, J., Bortoletto, D., Bubna, M., Hinton, N., Jones, M., Miller, D. H., Shi, X., Baringer, P., Bean, A., Khalil, S., Kropivnitskaya, A., Majumder, D., Schmitz, E., Wilson, G., Ivanov, A., Mendis, R., Mitchell, T., Skhirtladze, N., Taylor, R., Anderson, I., Fehling, D., Gritsan, A., Maksimovic, P., Martin, C., Nash, K., Osherson, M., Swartz, M., Xiao, M., Acosta, J. G., Cremaldi, L. M., Oliveros, S., Perera, L., Summers, D., Bloom, K., Claes, D. R., Fangmeier, C., Suarez, R. Gonzalez, Monroy, J., Siado, J., Bartz, E., Gershtein, Y., Halkiadakis, E., Kyriacou, S., Lath, A., Nash, K., Osherson, M., Schnetzer, S., Stone, R., Walker, M., Malik, S., Norberg, S., Vargas, J. E. Ramirez, Alyari, M., Dolen, J., Godshalk, A., Harrington, C., Iashvili, I., Kharchilava, A., Nguyen, D., Parker, A., Rappoccio, S., Roozbahani, B., Alexander, J., Chaves, J., Chu, J., Dittmer, S., McDermott, K., Mirman, N., Rinkevicius, A., Ryd, A., Salvati, E., Skinnari, L., Soffi, L., Tao, Z., Thom, J., Tucker, J., Zientek, M., Akgün, B., Ecklund, K. M., Kilpatrick, M., Nussbaum, T., Zabel, J., D'Angelo, P., Johns, W., and Rose, K.. Test beam performance measurements for the Phase I upgrade of the CMS pixel detector. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/05/P05022.
Dragicevic, M., Friedl, M., Hrubec, J., Steininger, H., Gädda, A., Härkönen, J., Lampén, T., Luukka, P., Peltola, T., Tuominen, E., Tuovinen, E., Winkler, A., Eerola, P., Tuuva, T., Baulieu, G., Boudoul, G., Caponetto, L., Combaret, C., Contardo, D., Dupasquier, T., Gallbit, G., Lumb, N., Mirabito, L., Perries, S., Donckt, M. Vander, Viret, S., Bonnin, C., Charles, L., Gross, L., Hosselet, J., Tromson, D., Feld, L., Karpinski, W., Klein, K., Lipinski, M., Pierschel, G., Preuten, M., Rauch, M., Wlochal, M., Aldaya, M., Asawatangtrakuldee, C., Beernaert, K., Bertsche, D., Contreras-Campana, C., Eckerlin, G., Eckstein, D., Eichhorn, T., Gallo, E., Garcia, J. Garay, Hansen, K., Haranko, M., Harb, A., Hauk, J., Keaveney, J., Kalogeropoulos, A., Kleinwort, C., Lohmann, W., Mankel, R., Maser, H., Mittag, G., Muhl, C., Mussgiller, A., Pitzl, D., Reichelt, O., Savitskyi, M., Schütze, P., Sola, V., Spannagel, S., Walsh, R., Zuber, A., Biskop, H., Buhmann, P., Centis-Vignali, M., Garutti, E., Haller, J., Hoffmann, M., Klanner, R., Lapsien, T., Matysek, M., Perieanu, A., Scharf, Ch., Schleper, P., Schmidt, A., Schwandt, J., Sonneveld, J., Steinbrück, G., Vormwald, B., Wellhausen, J., Abbas, M., Amstutz, C., Barvich, T., Barth, Ch., Boegelspacher, F., Boer, W. De, Butz, E., Casele, M., Colombo, F., Dierlamm, A., Freund, B., Hartmann, F., Heindl, S., Husemann, U., Kornmeyer, A., Kudella, S., Muller, Th., Simonis, H. J., Steck, P., Weber, M., Weiler, Th., Kiss, T., Siklér, F., Tölyhi, T., Veszprémi, V., Cariola, P., Creanza, D., Palma, M. De, Robertis, G. De, Fiore, L., Franco, M., Loddo, F., Sala, G., Silvestris, L., Maggi, G., My, S., Selvaggi, G., Albergo, S., Cappello, G., Costa, S., Mattia, A. Di, Giordano, F., Potenza, R., Saizu, M. A., Tricomi, A., Tuve, C., Focardi, E., Dinardo, M. E., Fiorendi, S., Gennai, S., Malvezzi, S., Manzoni, R. A., Menasce, D., Moroni, L., Pedrini, D., Azzi, P., Bacchetta, N., Bisello, D., Dall'Osso, M., Pozzobon, N., Tosi, M., Solestizi, L. Alunni, Biasini, M., Bilei, G. M., Cecchi, C., Checcucci, B., Ciangottini, D., Fanò, L., Gentsos, C., Ionica, M., Leonardi, R., Manoni, E., Mantovani, G., Marconi, S., Mariani, V., Menichelli, M., Modak, A., Morozzi, A., Moscatelli, F., Passeri, D., Placidi, P., Postolache, V., Rossi, A., Saha, A., Santocchia, A., Storchi, L., Spiga, D., Androsov, K., Azzurri, P., Bagliesi, G., Basti, A., Boccali, T., Borrello, L., Bosi, F., Castaldi, R., Ceccanti, M., Ciocci, M. A., Dell'Orso, R., Donato, S., Fedi, G., Giassi, A., Grippo, M. T., Ligabue, F., Magazzu, G., Mammini, P., Mariani, F., Mazzoni, E., Messineo, A., Moggi, A., Morsani, F., Palla, F., Palmonari, F., Profeti, A., Raffaelli, F., Ragonesi, A., Rizzi, A., Soldani, A., Spagnolo, P., Tenchini, R., Tonelli, G., Venturi, A., Verdini, P. G., Abbaneo, D., Ahmed, I., Albert, E., Auzinger, G., Berruti, G., Bonnaud, J., Daguin, J., D'Auria, A., Detraz, S., Dondelewski, O., Engegaard, B., Faccio, F., Frank, N., Gill, K., Honma, A., Kornmayer, A., Labaza, A., Manolescu, F., McGill, I., Mersi, S., Michelis, S., Onnela, A., Ostrega, M., Pavis, S., Peisert, A., Pernot, J. -F., Petagna, P., Postema, H., Rapacz, K., Sigaud, C., Tropea, P., Troska, J., Tsirou, A., Vasey, F., Verlaat, B., Vichoudis, P., Zwalinski, L., Bachmair, F., Becker, R., di Calafiori, D., Casal, B., Berger, P., Djambazov, L., Donega, M., Grab, C., Hits, D., Hoss, J., Kasieczka, G., Lustermann, W., Mangano, B., Marionneau, M., Arbol, P. Martinez Ruiz del, Masciovecchio, M., Meinhard, M., Perozzi, L., Roeser, U., Starodumov, A., Tavolaro, V., Wallny, R., Zhu, D., Amsler, C., Bösiger, K., Caminada, L., Canelli, F., Chiochia, V., de Cosa, A., Galloni, C., Hreus, T., Kilminster, B., Lange, C., Maier, R., Ngadiuba, J., Pinna, D., Robmann, P., Taroni, S., Yang, Y., Bertl, W., Deiters, K., Erdmann, W., Horisberger, R., Kaestli, H. -C., Kotlinski, D., Langenegger, U., Meier, B., Rohe, T., Streuli, S., Chen, P. -H., Dietz, C., Fiori, F., Grundler, U., Hou, W. -S., Lu, R. -S., Moya, M., Tsai, J. -F., Tzeng, Y. M., Cussans, D., Goldstein, J., Grimes, M., Newbold, D., Hobson, P., Reid, I. D., Auzinger, G., Bainbridge, R., Dauncey, P., Hall, G., James, T., Magnan, A. -M., Pesaresi, M., Raymond, D. M., Uchida, K., Durkin, T., Harder, K., Shepherd-Themistocleous, C., Chertok, M., Conway, J., Conway, R., Flores, C., Lander, R., Pellett, D., Ricci-Tam, F., Squires, M., Thomson, J., Yohay, R., Burt, K., Ellison, J., Hanson, G., Olmedo, M., Si, W., Yates, B. R., Dominguez, A., Bartek, R., Bentele, B., Cumalat, J. P., Ford, W. T., Jensen, F., Johnson, A., Krohn, M., Leontsinis, S., Mulholland, T., Stenson, K., Wagner, S. R., Apresyan, A., Bolla, G., Burkett, K., Butler, J. N., Canepa, A., Cheung, H. W. K., Christian, D., Cooper, W. E., Deptuch, G., Derylo, G., Gingu, C., Grünendahl, S., Hasegawa, S., Hoff, J., Howell, J., Hrycyk, M., Jindariani, S., Johnson, M., Kahlid, F., Kwan, S., Lei, C. M., Lipton, R., Sá, R. Lopes De, Liu, T., Los, S., Matulik, M., Merkel, P., Nahn, S., Prosser, A., Rivera, R., Schneider, B., Sellberg, G., Shenai, A., Siehl, K., Spiegel, L., Tran, N., Uplegger, L., Voirin, E., Berry, D. R., Chen, X., Ennesser, L., Evdokimov, A., Gerber, C. E., Makauda, S., Mills, C., Gonzalez, I. D. Sandoval, Alimena, J., Antonelli, L. J., Francis, B., Hart, A., Hill, C. S., Parashar, N., Stupak, J., Bortoletto, D., Bubna, M., Hinton, N., Jones, M., Miller, D. H., Shi, X., Baringer, P., Bean, A., Khalil, S., Kropivnitskaya, A., Majumder, D., Schmitz, E., Wilson, G., Ivanov, A., Mendis, R., Mitchell, T., Skhirtladze, N., Taylor, R., Anderson, I., Fehling, D., Gritsan, A., Maksimovic, P., Martin, C., Nash, K., Osherson, M., Swartz, M., Xiao, M., Acosta, J. G., Cremaldi, L. M., Oliveros, S., Perera, L., Summers, D., Bloom, K., Claes, D. R., Fangmeier, C., Suarez, R. Gonzalez, Monroy, J., Siado, J., Bartz, E., Gershtein, Y., Halkiadakis, E., Kyriacou, S., Lath, A., Nash, K., Osherson, M., Schnetzer, S., Stone, R., Walker, M., Malik, S., Norberg, S., Vargas, J. E. Ramirez, Alyari, M., Dolen, J., Godshalk, A., Harrington, C., Iashvili, I., Kharchilava, A., Nguyen, D., Parker, A., Rappoccio, S., Roozbahani, B., Alexander, J., Chaves, J., Chu, J., Dittmer, S., McDermott, K., Mirman, N., Rinkevicius, A., Ryd, A., Salvati, E., Skinnari, L., Soffi, L., Tao, Z., Thom, J., Tucker, J., Zientek, M., Akgün, B., Ecklund, K. M., Kilpatrick, M., Nussbaum, T., Zabel, J., D'Angelo, P., Johns, W., & Rose, K.. Test beam performance measurements for the Phase I upgrade of the CMS pixel detector. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/05/P05022.
Dragicevic, M., Friedl, M., Hrubec, J., Steininger, H., Gädda, A., Härkönen, J., Lampén, T., Luukka, P., Peltola, T., Tuominen, E., Tuovinen, E., Winkler, A., Eerola, P., Tuuva, T., Baulieu, G., Boudoul, G., Caponetto, L., Combaret, C., Contardo, D., Dupasquier, T., Gallbit, G., Lumb, N., Mirabito, L., Perries, S., Donckt, M. Vander, Viret, S., Bonnin, C., Charles, L., Gross, L., Hosselet, J., Tromson, D., Feld, L., Karpinski, W., Klein, K., Lipinski, M., Pierschel, G., Preuten, M., Rauch, M., Wlochal, M., Aldaya, M., Asawatangtrakuldee, C., Beernaert, K., Bertsche, D., Contreras-Campana, C., Eckerlin, G., Eckstein, D., Eichhorn, T., Gallo, E., Garcia, J. Garay, Hansen, K., Haranko, M., Harb, A., Hauk, J., Keaveney, J., Kalogeropoulos, A., Kleinwort, C., Lohmann, W., Mankel, R., Maser, H., Mittag, G., Muhl, C., Mussgiller, A., Pitzl, D., Reichelt, O., Savitskyi, M., Schütze, P., Sola, V., Spannagel, S., Walsh, R., Zuber, A., Biskop, H., Buhmann, P., Centis-Vignali, M., Garutti, E., Haller, J., Hoffmann, M., Klanner, R., Lapsien, T., Matysek, M., Perieanu, A., Scharf, Ch., Schleper, P., Schmidt, A., Schwandt, J., Sonneveld, J., Steinbrück, G., Vormwald, B., Wellhausen, J., Abbas, M., Amstutz, C., Barvich, T., Barth, Ch., Boegelspacher, F., Boer, W. De, Butz, E., Casele, M., Colombo, F., Dierlamm, A., Freund, B., Hartmann, F., Heindl, S., Husemann, U., Kornmeyer, A., Kudella, S., Muller, Th., Simonis, H. J., Steck, P., Weber, M., Weiler, Th., Kiss, T., Siklér, F., Tölyhi, T., Veszprémi, V., Cariola, P., Creanza, D., Palma, M. De, Robertis, G. De, Fiore, L., Franco, M., Loddo, F., Sala, G., Silvestris, L., Maggi, G., My, S., Selvaggi, G., Albergo, S., Cappello, G., Costa, S., Mattia, A. Di, Giordano, F., Potenza, R., Saizu, M. A., Tricomi, A., Tuve, C., Focardi, E., Dinardo, M. E., Fiorendi, S., Gennai, S., Malvezzi, S., Manzoni, R. A., Menasce, D., Moroni, L., Pedrini, D., Azzi, P., Bacchetta, N., Bisello, D., Dall'Osso, M., Pozzobon, N., Tosi, M., Solestizi, L. Alunni, Biasini, M., Bilei, G. M., Cecchi, C., Checcucci, B., Ciangottini, D., Fanò, L., Gentsos, C., Ionica, M., Leonardi, R., Manoni, E., Mantovani, G., Marconi, S., Mariani, V., Menichelli, M., Modak, A., Morozzi, A., Moscatelli, F., Passeri, D., Placidi, P., Postolache, V., Rossi, A., Saha, A., Santocchia, A., Storchi, L., Spiga, D., Androsov, K., Azzurri, P., Bagliesi, G., Basti, A., Boccali, T., Borrello, L., Bosi, F., Castaldi, R., Ceccanti, M., Ciocci, M. A., Dell'Orso, R., Donato, S., Fedi, G., Giassi, A., Grippo, M. T., Ligabue, F., Magazzu, G., Mammini, P., Mariani, F., Mazzoni, E., Messineo, A., Moggi, A., Morsani, F., Palla, F., Palmonari, F., Profeti, A., Raffaelli, F., Ragonesi, A., Rizzi, A., Soldani, A., Spagnolo, P., Tenchini, R., Tonelli, G., Venturi, A., Verdini, P. G., Abbaneo, D., Ahmed, I., Albert, E., Auzinger, G., Berruti, G., Bonnaud, J., Daguin, J., D'Auria, A., Detraz, S., Dondelewski, O., Engegaard, B., Faccio, F., Frank, N., Gill, K., Honma, A., Kornmayer, A., Labaza, A., Manolescu, F., McGill, I., Mersi, S., Michelis, S., Onnela, A., Ostrega, M., Pavis, S., Peisert, A., Pernot, J. -F., Petagna, P., Postema, H., Rapacz, K., Sigaud, C., Tropea, P., Troska, J., Tsirou, A., Vasey, F., Verlaat, B., Vichoudis, P., Zwalinski, L., Bachmair, F., Becker, R., di Calafiori, D., Casal, B., Berger, P., Djambazov, L., Donega, M., Grab, C., Hits, D., Hoss, J., Kasieczka, G., Lustermann, W., Mangano, B., Marionneau, M., Arbol, P. Martinez Ruiz del, Masciovecchio, M., Meinhard, M., Perozzi, L., Roeser, U., Starodumov, A., Tavolaro, V., Wallny, R., Zhu, D., Amsler, C., Bösiger, K., Caminada, L., Canelli, F., Chiochia, V., de Cosa, A., Galloni, C., Hreus, T., Kilminster, B., Lange, C., Maier, R., Ngadiuba, J., Pinna, D., Robmann, P., Taroni, S., Yang, Y., Bertl, W., Deiters, K., Erdmann, W., Horisberger, R., Kaestli, H. -C., Kotlinski, D., Langenegger, U., Meier, B., Rohe, T., Streuli, S., Chen, P. -H., Dietz, C., Fiori, F., Grundler, U., Hou, W. -S., Lu, R. -S., Moya, M., Tsai, J. -F., Tzeng, Y. M., Cussans, D., Goldstein, J., Grimes, M., Newbold, D., Hobson, P., Reid, I. D., Auzinger, G., Bainbridge, R., Dauncey, P., Hall, G., James, T., Magnan, A. -M., Pesaresi, M., Raymond, D. M., Uchida, K., Durkin, T., Harder, K., Shepherd-Themistocleous, C., Chertok, M., Conway, J., Conway, R., Flores, C., Lander, R., Pellett, D., Ricci-Tam, F., Squires, M., Thomson, J., Yohay, R., Burt, K., Ellison, J., Hanson, G., Olmedo, M., Si, W., Yates, B. R., Dominguez, A., Bartek, R., Bentele, B., Cumalat, J. P., Ford, W. T., Jensen, F., Johnson, A., Krohn, M., Leontsinis, S., Mulholland, T., Stenson, K., Wagner, S. R., Apresyan, A., Bolla, G., Burkett, K., Butler, J. N., Canepa, A., Cheung, H. W. K., Christian, D., Cooper, W. E., Deptuch, G., Derylo, G., Gingu, C., Grünendahl, S., Hasegawa, S., Hoff, J., Howell, J., Hrycyk, M., Jindariani, S., Johnson, M., Kahlid, F., Kwan, S., Lei, C. M., Lipton, R., Sá, R. Lopes De, Liu, T., Los, S., Matulik, M., Merkel, P., Nahn, S., Prosser, A., Rivera, R., Schneider, B., Sellberg, G., Shenai, A., Siehl, K., Spiegel, L., Tran, N., Uplegger, L., Voirin, E., Berry, D. R., Chen, X., Ennesser, L., Evdokimov, A., Gerber, C. E., Makauda, S., Mills, C., Gonzalez, I. D. Sandoval, Alimena, J., Antonelli, L. J., Francis, B., Hart, A., Hill, C. S., Parashar, N., Stupak, J., Bortoletto, D., Bubna, M., Hinton, N., Jones, M., Miller, D. H., Shi, X., Baringer, P., Bean, A., Khalil, S., Kropivnitskaya, A., Majumder, D., Schmitz, E., Wilson, G., Ivanov, A., Mendis, R., Mitchell, T., Skhirtladze, N., Taylor, R., Anderson, I., Fehling, D., Gritsan, A., Maksimovic, P., Martin, C., Nash, K., Osherson, M., Swartz, M., Xiao, M., Acosta, J. G., Cremaldi, L. M., Oliveros, S., Perera, L., Summers, D., Bloom, K., Claes, D. R., Fangmeier, C., Suarez, R. Gonzalez, Monroy, J., Siado, J., Bartz, E., Gershtein, Y., Halkiadakis, E., Kyriacou, S., Lath, A., Nash, K., Osherson, M., Schnetzer, S., Stone, R., Walker, M., Malik, S., Norberg, S., Vargas, J. E. Ramirez, Alyari, M., Dolen, J., Godshalk, A., Harrington, C., Iashvili, I., Kharchilava, A., Nguyen, D., Parker, A., Rappoccio, S., Roozbahani, B., Alexander, J., Chaves, J., Chu, J., Dittmer, S., McDermott, K., Mirman, N., Rinkevicius, A., Ryd, A., Salvati, E., Skinnari, L., Soffi, L., Tao, Z., Thom, J., Tucker, J., Zientek, M., Akgün, B., Ecklund, K. M., Kilpatrick, M., Nussbaum, T., Zabel, J., D'Angelo, P., Johns, W., and Rose, K.. 2017. "Test beam performance measurements for the Phase I upgrade of the CMS pixel detector". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/05/P05022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367899.
@article{osti_1367899,
title = {Test beam performance measurements for the Phase I upgrade of the CMS pixel detector},
author = {Dragicevic, M. and Friedl, M. and Hrubec, J. and Steininger, H. and Gädda, A. and Härkönen, J. and Lampén, T. and Luukka, P. and Peltola, T. and Tuominen, E. and Tuovinen, E. and Winkler, A. and Eerola, P. and Tuuva, T. and Baulieu, G. and Boudoul, G. and Caponetto, L. and Combaret, C. and Contardo, D. and Dupasquier, T. and Gallbit, G. and Lumb, N. and Mirabito, L. and Perries, S. and Donckt, M. Vander and Viret, S. and Bonnin, C. and Charles, L. and Gross, L. and Hosselet, J. and Tromson, D. and Feld, L. and Karpinski, W. and Klein, K. and Lipinski, M. and Pierschel, G. and Preuten, M. and Rauch, M. and Wlochal, M. and Aldaya, M. and Asawatangtrakuldee, C. and Beernaert, K. and Bertsche, D. and Contreras-Campana, C. and Eckerlin, G. and Eckstein, D. and Eichhorn, T. and Gallo, E. and Garcia, J. Garay and Hansen, K. and Haranko, M. and Harb, A. and Hauk, J. and Keaveney, J. and Kalogeropoulos, A. and Kleinwort, C. and Lohmann, W. and Mankel, R. and Maser, H. and Mittag, G. and Muhl, C. and Mussgiller, A. and Pitzl, D. and Reichelt, O. and Savitskyi, M. and Schütze, P. and Sola, V. and Spannagel, S. and Walsh, R. and Zuber, A. and Biskop, H. and Buhmann, P. and Centis-Vignali, M. and Garutti, E. and Haller, J. and Hoffmann, M. and Klanner, R. and Lapsien, T. and Matysek, M. and Perieanu, A. and Scharf, Ch. and Schleper, P. and Schmidt, A. and Schwandt, J. and Sonneveld, J. and Steinbrück, G. and Vormwald, B. and Wellhausen, J. and Abbas, M. and Amstutz, C. and Barvich, T. and Barth, Ch. and Boegelspacher, F. and Boer, W. De and Butz, E. and Casele, M. and Colombo, F. and Dierlamm, A. and Freund, B. and Hartmann, F. and Heindl, S. and Husemann, U. and Kornmeyer, A. and Kudella, S. and Muller, Th. and Simonis, H. J. and Steck, P. and Weber, M. and Weiler, Th. and Kiss, T. and Siklér, F. and Tölyhi, T. and Veszprémi, V. and Cariola, P. and Creanza, D. and Palma, M. De and Robertis, G. De and Fiore, L. and Franco, M. and Loddo, F. and Sala, G. and Silvestris, L. and Maggi, G. and My, S. and Selvaggi, G. and Albergo, S. and Cappello, G. and Costa, S. and Mattia, A. Di and Giordano, F. and Potenza, R. and Saizu, M. A. and Tricomi, A. and Tuve, C. and Focardi, E. and Dinardo, M. E. and Fiorendi, S. and Gennai, S. and Malvezzi, S. and Manzoni, R. A. and Menasce, D. and Moroni, L. and Pedrini, D. and Azzi, P. and Bacchetta, N. and Bisello, D. and Dall'Osso, M. and Pozzobon, N. and Tosi, M. and Solestizi, L. Alunni and Biasini, M. and Bilei, G. M. and Cecchi, C. and Checcucci, B. and Ciangottini, D. and Fanò, L. and Gentsos, C. and Ionica, M. and Leonardi, R. and Manoni, E. and Mantovani, G. and Marconi, S. and Mariani, V. and Menichelli, M. and Modak, A. and Morozzi, A. and Moscatelli, F. and Passeri, D. and Placidi, P. and Postolache, V. and Rossi, A. and Saha, A. and Santocchia, A. and Storchi, L. and Spiga, D. and Androsov, K. and Azzurri, P. and Bagliesi, G. and Basti, A. and Boccali, T. and Borrello, L. and Bosi, F. and Castaldi, R. and Ceccanti, M. and Ciocci, M. A. and Dell'Orso, R. and Donato, S. and Fedi, G. and Giassi, A. and Grippo, M. T. and Ligabue, F. and Magazzu, G. and Mammini, P. and Mariani, F. and Mazzoni, E. and Messineo, A. and Moggi, A. and Morsani, F. and Palla, F. and Palmonari, F. and Profeti, A. and Raffaelli, F. and Ragonesi, A. and Rizzi, A. and Soldani, A. and Spagnolo, P. and Tenchini, R. and Tonelli, G. and Venturi, A. and Verdini, P. G. and Abbaneo, D. and Ahmed, I. and Albert, E. and Auzinger, G. and Berruti, G. and Bonnaud, J. and Daguin, J. and D'Auria, A. and Detraz, S. and Dondelewski, O. and Engegaard, B. and Faccio, F. and Frank, N. and Gill, K. and Honma, A. and Kornmayer, A. and Labaza, A. and Manolescu, F. and McGill, I. and Mersi, S. and Michelis, S. and Onnela, A. and Ostrega, M. and Pavis, S. and Peisert, A. and Pernot, J. -F. and Petagna, P. and Postema, H. and Rapacz, K. and Sigaud, C. and Tropea, P. and Troska, J. and Tsirou, A. and Vasey, F. and Verlaat, B. and Vichoudis, P. and Zwalinski, L. and Bachmair, F. and Becker, R. and di Calafiori, D. and Casal, B. and Berger, P. and Djambazov, L. and Donega, M. and Grab, C. and Hits, D. and Hoss, J. and Kasieczka, G. and Lustermann, W. and Mangano, B. and Marionneau, M. and Arbol, P. 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abstractNote = {A new pixel detector for the CMS experiment was built in order to cope with the instantaneous luminosities anticipated for the Phase~I Upgrade of the LHC. The new CMS pixel detector provides four-hit tracking with a reduced material budget as well as new cooling and powering schemes. A new front-end readout chip mitigates buffering and bandwidth limitations, and allows operation at low comparator thresholds. Here in this paper, comprehensive test beam studies are presented, which have been conducted to verify the design and to quantify the performance of the new detector assemblies in terms of tracking efficiency and spatial resolution. Under optimal conditions, the tracking efficiency is $99.95\pm0.05\,\%$, while the intrinsic spatial resolutions are $4.80\pm0.25\,\mu \mathrm{m}$ and $7.99\pm0.21\,\mu \mathrm{m}$ along the $100\,\mu \mathrm{m}$ and $150\,\mu \mathrm{m}$ pixel pitch, respectively. The findings are compared to a detailed Monte Carlo simulation of the pixel detector and good agreement is found.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/05/P05022},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 05,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}