skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using mid-infrared femtosecond pulses

Abstract

Here, we report on a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experiment driven by mid-infrared (2.05-μm) fs pulses, in which time-resolved emission spectra of copper were studied. Ab-initio modeling is consistent with the results of new fs measurements at 2.05 μm and traditional 800-nm fs-LIBS. Ablation by mid-infrared fs pulses results in a plasma with a lower plasma density and temperature compared to fs-LIBS performed at shorter laser wavelength. LIBS driven by mid-infrared fs pulses results in a signal-to-background ratio ~50% greater and a signal-to-noise ratio ~40% lower than fs-LIBS at near-infrared laser wavelength.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering; Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); US Department of Homeland Security (DHS); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Contributing Org.:
Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
OSTI Identifier:
1367664
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1526944
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-21651
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534; DN-130-NF0001; 89233218CNA000001; 2012.05 DN-130-NF0001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Atomic and Nuclear Physics

Citation Formats

Hartig, K. C., Colgan, J., Kilcrease, D. P., Barefield, J. E., and Jovanovic, I. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using mid-infrared femtosecond pulses. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4927624.
Hartig, K. C., Colgan, J., Kilcrease, D. P., Barefield, J. E., & Jovanovic, I. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using mid-infrared femtosecond pulses. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4927624.
Hartig, K. C., Colgan, J., Kilcrease, D. P., Barefield, J. E., and Jovanovic, I. Thu . "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using mid-infrared femtosecond pulses". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4927624. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367664.
@article{osti_1367664,
title = {Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using mid-infrared femtosecond pulses},
author = {Hartig, K. C. and Colgan, J. and Kilcrease, D. P. and Barefield, J. E. and Jovanovic, I.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report on a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experiment driven by mid-infrared (2.05-μm) fs pulses, in which time-resolved emission spectra of copper were studied. Ab-initio modeling is consistent with the results of new fs measurements at 2.05 μm and traditional 800-nm fs-LIBS. Ablation by mid-infrared fs pulses results in a plasma with a lower plasma density and temperature compared to fs-LIBS performed at shorter laser wavelength. LIBS driven by mid-infrared fs pulses results in a signal-to-background ratio ~50% greater and a signal-to-noise ratio ~40% lower than fs-LIBS at near-infrared laser wavelength.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4927624},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1. FIG. 1.: Experimental setup for LIBS measurements using both 800 nm and 2.05 $μ$m fs-laser pulses.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Early stage emission spectroscopy study of metallic titanium plasma induced in air by femtosecond- and nanosecond-laser pulses
journal, August 2005

  • De Giacomo, A.; Dell'Aglio, M.; Santagata, A.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 60, Issue 7-8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2005.05.026

Stark broadening calculations of neutral copper spectral lines and temperature dependence
journal, October 2010


A study of the laser plasma parameters at different laser wavelengths
journal, July 2002


Irradiance and laser wavelength dependence of plasma spectra from single levitated aerosol droplets
journal, January 1988

  • Biswas, A.; Latifi, H.; Radziemski, L. J.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.27.002386

Single laser based dual-wavelength ablation technique for emission enhancement during LIBS
journal, August 2012

  • Antony, Jobin K.; Vasa, Nilesh J.; Raja, V. L. N. Sreedhar
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 45, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/45/36/365401

fs/ns dual-pulse LIBS analytic survey for copper-based alloys
journal, December 2007


Time-integrated, spatially resolved plasma characterization of steel samples in the VUV
journal, January 2004

  • Bengoechea, J.; Kennedy, E. T.
  • Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, Vol. 19, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/b315653b

Study by focused shadowgraphy of the effect of laser irradiance on laser-induced plasma formation and ablation rate in various gases
journal, January 2009

  • Gravel, Jean-Francois Y.; Boudreau, Denis
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 64, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2008.10.037

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of copper with a 2 μm thulium fiber laser
journal, January 2010

  • Baudelet, Matthieu; Willis, Christina C. C.; Shah, Lawrence
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.007905

Influence of Atmosphere and Irradiation Wavelength on Copper Plasma Emission Induced by Excimer and Q-Switched Nd:YAG Laser Ablation
journal, July 1997


From LASER to LIBS, the path of technology development
journal, July 2002


Laser-induced plasma temperature
journal, July 2014

  • Zhang, Shudi; Wang, Xiaohua; He, Miaohong
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 97
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2014.04.009

Shadowgraphic and interferometric investigations on Nd:YAG laser-induced vapor/plasma plumes for different processing wavelengths
journal, December 1999

  • Breitling, D.; Schittenhelm, H.; Berger, P.
  • Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 69, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/s003390051454

Convoluted effect of laser fluence and pulse duration on the property of a nanosecond laser-induced plasma into an argon ambient gas at the atmospheric pressure
journal, January 2013

  • Bai, Xueshi; Ma, Qianli; Motto-Ros, Vincent
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4772787

Nondegenerate parametric generation of 2.2-mJ, few-cycle 2.05-μm pulses using a mixed phase matching scheme
journal, February 2014

  • Xu, Guibao; Wandel, Scott F.; Jovanovic, Igor
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4865132

Pulse chirp effects in ultrafast laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
journal, August 2012

  • Hartig, K. C.; McNutt, J. P.; Ko, P.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 296, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-012-2038-x

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of steel samples using multiple Q-switch Nd:YAG laser pulses
journal, October 1995


Effects of focal volume and spatial inhomogeneity on uncertainty in single-aerosol laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements
journal, July 2005

  • Lithgow, G. A.; Buckley, S. G.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 87, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1984086

Optimization of collinear double-pulse femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of silicon
journal, December 2007

  • Schiffern, John T.; Doerr, David W.; Alexander, Dennis R.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 62, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2007.10.042

Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas
journal, November 2010

  • Ma, Q. L.; Motto-Ros, V.; Lei, W. Q.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 65, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2010.08.005

Wavelength dependence on the elemental analysis of glass by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
journal, October 2008

  • Barnett, Cleon; Cahoon, Erica; Almirall, José R.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 63, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2008.07.002

Characteristics of Cu plasma produced by a laser interaction with a solid target
journal, March 2003

  • Hafez, M. A.; Khedr, M. A.; Elaksher, F. F.
  • Plasma Sources Science and Technology, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0963-0252/12/2/310

Influence of the laser pulse duration on laser-produced plasma properties
journal, March 2004


Modeling an inhomogeneous optically thick laser induced plasma: a simplified theoretical approach
journal, September 2001

  • Gornushkin, I. B.; Stevenson, C. L.; Smith, B. W.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 56, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0584-8547(01)00254-3

Experimental study of laser-induced plasma: Influence of laser fluence and pulse duration
journal, September 2013

  • Bai, Xueshi; Ma, Qianli; Perrier, Maxime
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 87
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2013.05.019

Influence of bandwidth and phase shaping on laser induced breakdown spectroscopy with ultrashort laser pulses
journal, May 2006

  • Gunaratne, Tissa; Kangas, Michael; Singh, Sherdeep
  • Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 423, Issue 1-3, p. 197-201
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2006.02.110

Methodologies for laboratory Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis—A review
journal, October 2008

  • Fantoni, R.; Caneve, L.; Colao, F.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 63, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2008.08.008

Influence of laser wavelength on LIBS diagnostics applied to the analysis of ancient bronzes
journal, April 2006

  • Fornarini, L.; Spizzichino, V.; Colao, F.
  • Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 385, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00216-006-0300-1

Ab-initio modeling of an iron laser-induced plasma: Comparison between theoretical and experimental atomic emission spectra
journal, July 2014

  • Colgan, J.; Judge, E. J.; Kilcrease, D. P.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 97
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2014.04.015

Fs–ns double-pulse Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of copper-based-alloys: Generation and elemental analysis of nanoparticles
journal, November 2014

  • Guarnaccio, A.; Parisi, G. P.; Mollica, D.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 101
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2014.09.011

Adaptive femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of uranium
journal, January 2013

  • Ko, P.; Hartig, K. C.; McNutt, J. P.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4779042

Diagnostic of Laser-Induced Plasma Using Abel Inversion and Radiation Modeling
journal, August 2013

  • Merk, Sven; Demidov, Alexander; Shelby, Daniel
  • Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 67, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1366/12-06929

Experimental Stark widths and shifts for spectral lines of neutral and ionized atoms
journal, November 1990

  • Konjević, N.; Wiese, W. L.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 19, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.555847

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.