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Title: Design and Cosimulation of Hierarchical Architecture for Demand Response Control and Coordination

Demand response (DR) plays a key role for optimum asset utilization and to avoid or delay the need of new infrastructure investment. However, coordinated execution of multiple DRs is desired to maximize the DR benefits. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical DR architecture (HDRA) to control and coordinate the performance of various DR categories such that the operation of every DR category is backed-up by time delayed action of the others. A reliable, cost-effective communication infrastructure based on ZigBee, WiMAX, and fibers is designed to facilitate the HDRA execution. The performance of the proposed HDRA is demonstrated from the power system and communication perspectives in a cosimulation environment applied to a 0.4 kV/400 kVA real distribution network considering electric vehicles as a potential DR resource (DRR). The power simulation is performed employing a real time digital simulator whereas the communication simulation is performed using OMNeT++. Finally, the HDRA performance demonstrated the maximum utilization of available DR potential by facilitating simultaneous execution of multiple DRs and enabling participation of single DRR for multiple grid applications.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  3. Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)
  4. National Inst. of Scientific Research (INRS), Montreal, QC (Canada)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1551-3203
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1551-3203
Research Org:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; INL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; electric potential; load management; frequency control; time factors; reliability; picture archiving and communication systems; informatics; demand side management; digital simulation; electric vehicles; optical fibre communication; power distribution control; real-time systems; cosimulation; demand dispatch; demand response; energy management; hierarchical control
OSTI Identifier: