skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Anion exchange membranes composed of a poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) random copolymer functionalized with a bulky phosphonium cation

A random copolymer, tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl) phosphonium functionalized poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO-TPQP) was cast from three different solvents: dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethyl lactate, or a 41:59 vol% mixture of DMSO and ethyl lactate. Solvents were selected via analysis of the Hansen solubility parameters to vary the phase separation of the polymer in the films. An optimized mixture of DMSO and ethyl lactate chosen for film fabrication and this film was contrasted with films cast from the neat constituent solvents. Atomic force microscopy identified domains from nanometer to tens of nanometer sizes, while the light microscopy showed features on the order of micron. SAXS revealed a cation scattering peak with a d-spacing from 7 to 15 . Trends in conductivity and water diffusion for the membranes vary depending on the solvent from which they are cast. The mixed solvent cast membrane shows a linear Arrhenius behavior indicating fully dissociated cationic/anionic groups, and has the highest bromide conductivity of 3 mS/cm at 95% RH, 90 °C. The ethyl lactate cast membrane shows a linear Arrhenius relation in conductivity, but a Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher behavior in its water self-diffusion. While water increases bromide dissociation, water and bromide transport in these films seems to be decoupled. Lastly, this ismore » particularly true for the film cast from ethyl lactate.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. Univ. of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Membrane Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 506; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0376-7388
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
U.S. Army Research Lab., U.S. Army Research Office (ARO); Argonne National Lab., Advanced Photon Source; USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; anion exchange membrane; Hansen solubility parameter; ionic conductivity; morphology; water transport
OSTI Identifier:
1367274
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359545