skip to main content


Title: On the use of remote infrasound and seismic stations to constrain the eruptive sequence and intensity for the 2014 Kelud eruption

The February 2014 eruption of Kelud volcano (Indonesia) destroyed most of the instruments near it. We use remote seismic and infrasound sensors to reconstruct the eruptive sequence. The first explosions were relatively weak seismic and infrasound events. A major stratospheric ash injection occurred a few minutes later and produced long-lasting atmospheric and ground-coupled acoustic waves that were detected as far as 11,000 km by infrasound sensors and up to 2300 km away on seismometers. A seismic event followed ~12 minutes later and was recorded 7000 km away by seismometers. We estimate a volcanic intensity around 10.9, placing the 2014 Kelud eruption between the 1980 Mount St. Helens and 1991 Pinatubo eruptions intensities. As a result, we demonstrate how remote infrasound and seismic sensors are critical for the early detection of volcanic explosions, and how they can help to constrain and understand eruptive sequences.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
  2. Univ. of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI (United States)
  3. CEA/DAM/DIF, Arpajon (France)
  4. CTBTO, Vienna (Austria)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
American Geophysical Union
Research Org:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22)
Contributing Orgs:
1Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2Infrasound Laboratory, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 3CEA/DAM/DIF, Arpajon, France, 4CTBTO, Vienna, Austria
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES; volcano; infrasound; seismic; eruption; monitoring; remote
OSTI Identifier: