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Title: Heat flux modeling using ion drift effects in DIII-D H-mode plasmas with resonant magnetic perturbations

The heat flux patterns measured in low-collisionality DIII-D H-mode plasmas strongly deviate from simultaneously measured CII emission patterns, used as indicator of particle flux, during applied resonant magnetic perturbations. While the CII emission clearly shows typical striations, which are similar to magnetic footprint patterns obtained from vacuum field line tracing, the heat flux is usually dominated by one large peak at the strike point position. The vacuum approximation, which only considers applied magnetic fields and neglects plasma response and plasma effects, cannot explain the shape of the observed heat flux pattern. One possible explanation is the effect of particle drifts. This is included in the field line equations and the results are discussed with reference to the measurement. Electrons and ions show di fferent drift motions at thermal energy levels in a guiding center approximation. While electrons hardly deviate from the field lines, ions can drift several centimetres away from field line flux surfaces. A model is presented in which an ion heat flux, based on the ion drift motion from various kinetic energies as they contribute to a thermal Maxwellian distribution, is calculated. The simulated heat flux is directly compared to measurements with a varying edge safety factor q95.more » This analysis provides evidence for the dominate e ect of high-energy ions in carrying heat from the plasma inside the separatrix to the target. High-energy ions are deposited close to the unperturbed strike line while low-energy ions can travel into the striated magnetic topology.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Forschungszentrum Julich (Germany)
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  4. Heinrich-Heine-Univ. Dusseldorf (Germany)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1367091

Wingen, Andreas, Schmitz, Oliver, Evans, Todd E., and Spatschek, K. H.. Heat flux modeling using ion drift effects in DIII-D H-mode plasmas with resonant magnetic perturbations. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.4862034.
Wingen, Andreas, Schmitz, Oliver, Evans, Todd E., & Spatschek, K. H.. Heat flux modeling using ion drift effects in DIII-D H-mode plasmas with resonant magnetic perturbations. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4862034.
Wingen, Andreas, Schmitz, Oliver, Evans, Todd E., and Spatschek, K. H.. 2014. "Heat flux modeling using ion drift effects in DIII-D H-mode plasmas with resonant magnetic perturbations". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4862034. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367091.
@article{osti_1367091,
title = {Heat flux modeling using ion drift effects in DIII-D H-mode plasmas with resonant magnetic perturbations},
author = {Wingen, Andreas and Schmitz, Oliver and Evans, Todd E. and Spatschek, K. H.},
abstractNote = {The heat flux patterns measured in low-collisionality DIII-D H-mode plasmas strongly deviate from simultaneously measured CII emission patterns, used as indicator of particle flux, during applied resonant magnetic perturbations. While the CII emission clearly shows typical striations, which are similar to magnetic footprint patterns obtained from vacuum field line tracing, the heat flux is usually dominated by one large peak at the strike point position. The vacuum approximation, which only considers applied magnetic fields and neglects plasma response and plasma effects, cannot explain the shape of the observed heat flux pattern. One possible explanation is the effect of particle drifts. This is included in the field line equations and the results are discussed with reference to the measurement. Electrons and ions show di fferent drift motions at thermal energy levels in a guiding center approximation. While electrons hardly deviate from the field lines, ions can drift several centimetres away from field line flux surfaces. A model is presented in which an ion heat flux, based on the ion drift motion from various kinetic energies as they contribute to a thermal Maxwellian distribution, is calculated. The simulated heat flux is directly compared to measurements with a varying edge safety factor q95. This analysis provides evidence for the dominate e ect of high-energy ions in carrying heat from the plasma inside the separatrix to the target. High-energy ions are deposited close to the unperturbed strike line while low-energy ions can travel into the striated magnetic topology.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4862034},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 1,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {1}
}