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Title: Piezoresistive Response of Quasi-One-Dimensional ZnO Nanowires Using an in Situ Electromechanical Device

Abstract

Quasi-one-dimensional structures from metal oxides have shown remarkable potentials with regard to their applicability in advanced technologies ranging from ultraresponsive nanoelectronic devices to advanced healthcare tools. Particularly due to the piezoresistive effects, zinc oxide (ZnO)-based nanowires showed outstanding performance in a large number of applications, including energy harvesting, flexible electronics, smart sensors, etc. In the present work, we demonstrate the versatile crystal engineering of ZnO nano- and microwires (up to centimeter length scales) by a simple flame transport process. To investigate the piezoresistive properties, particular ZnO nanowires were integrated on an electrical push-to-pull device, which enables the application of tensile strain and measurement of in situ electrical properties. The results from ZnO nanowires revealed a periodic variation in stress with respect to the applied periodic potential, which has been discussed in terms of defect relaxations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Institute for Materials Science, Kiel University, Kaiserstraße 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany
  2. Bruker Nano Surfaces, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55344, United States
  3. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, United States; National Center for Electron Microscopy, Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
  4. Mads Clausen Institute, NanoSYD, University of Southern Denmark, Alsion 2, DK-6400 Sønderborg, Denmark
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1366764
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1508050
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Omega
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Omega Journal Volume: 2 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-1343
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Mechanical properties; Nanowires; Polymers; Sensors; Solid state electrochemistry

Citation Formats

Kaps, Sören, Bhowmick, Sanjit, Gröttrup, Jorit, Hrkac, Viktor, Stauffer, Douglas, Guo, Hua, Warren, Oden L., Adam, Jost, Kienle, Lorenz, Minor, Andrew M., Adelung, Rainer, and Mishra, Yogendra Kumar. Piezoresistive Response of Quasi-One-Dimensional ZnO Nanowires Using an in Situ Electromechanical Device. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsomega.7b00041.
Kaps, Sören, Bhowmick, Sanjit, Gröttrup, Jorit, Hrkac, Viktor, Stauffer, Douglas, Guo, Hua, Warren, Oden L., Adam, Jost, Kienle, Lorenz, Minor, Andrew M., Adelung, Rainer, & Mishra, Yogendra Kumar. Piezoresistive Response of Quasi-One-Dimensional ZnO Nanowires Using an in Situ Electromechanical Device. United States. doi:10.1021/acsomega.7b00041.
Kaps, Sören, Bhowmick, Sanjit, Gröttrup, Jorit, Hrkac, Viktor, Stauffer, Douglas, Guo, Hua, Warren, Oden L., Adam, Jost, Kienle, Lorenz, Minor, Andrew M., Adelung, Rainer, and Mishra, Yogendra Kumar. Wed . "Piezoresistive Response of Quasi-One-Dimensional ZnO Nanowires Using an in Situ Electromechanical Device". United States. doi:10.1021/acsomega.7b00041.
@article{osti_1366764,
title = {Piezoresistive Response of Quasi-One-Dimensional ZnO Nanowires Using an in Situ Electromechanical Device},
author = {Kaps, Sören and Bhowmick, Sanjit and Gröttrup, Jorit and Hrkac, Viktor and Stauffer, Douglas and Guo, Hua and Warren, Oden L. and Adam, Jost and Kienle, Lorenz and Minor, Andrew M. and Adelung, Rainer and Mishra, Yogendra Kumar},
abstractNote = {Quasi-one-dimensional structures from metal oxides have shown remarkable potentials with regard to their applicability in advanced technologies ranging from ultraresponsive nanoelectronic devices to advanced healthcare tools. Particularly due to the piezoresistive effects, zinc oxide (ZnO)-based nanowires showed outstanding performance in a large number of applications, including energy harvesting, flexible electronics, smart sensors, etc. In the present work, we demonstrate the versatile crystal engineering of ZnO nano- and microwires (up to centimeter length scales) by a simple flame transport process. To investigate the piezoresistive properties, particular ZnO nanowires were integrated on an electrical push-to-pull device, which enables the application of tensile strain and measurement of in situ electrical properties. The results from ZnO nanowires revealed a periodic variation in stress with respect to the applied periodic potential, which has been discussed in terms of defect relaxations.},
doi = {10.1021/acsomega.7b00041},
journal = {ACS Omega},
number = 6,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.7b00041

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 31 works
Citation information provided by
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: SEM morphologies at increasing magnifications (left to right, low to high) of different Q1D ZnO nano- and microwires synthesized by the FTS approach on Si substrates. (a−c) Homogeneous array of hexagonally faceted Q1D ZnO nanowires. (d−f) Array of Q1D ZnO nano- and microwires with smooth surfaces. (g−i) Side-viewmore » SEM images of a dense array of relatively longer (>200 μm length) Q1D ZnO nano- and microwires grown on a Si substrate. These Q1D ZnO microwires are very well interconnected with the base and are almost homogeneous in diameter (bottom to top) with a sharp needle-like tip at their ends. The growth of smaller flower-like ZnO nanostructures on their tips is mainly due to secondary growth (the denser array of wires favors growth on the tips).« less

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Origins of Negative Differential Resistance in N-doped ZnO Nano-ribbons: Ab-initio Investigation
journal, July 2019


Origins of Negative Differential Resistance in N-doped ZnO Nano-ribbons: Ab-initio Investigation
journal, July 2019


A Novel Nanowire Assembly Process for the Fabrication of CO Sensor
journal, April 2018

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.