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Title: Characterization of Deuterated-xylene Scintillator as a Neutron Spectrometer

We have experimentally characterized the neutron light output response functions of a deuterated-xylene scintillator for neutron energies lower than 10 MeV. We then used the response matrix to unfold the energy distribution of neutrons produced via several reactions, i.e. spontaneous fission, d(d,n)3He, 27Al(d,n)28Si, and 9Be(alpha,n)12C. Organic scintillators based on deuterated compounds show a fast response and good gamma-neutron discrimination capability, similar to proton-based scintillators. Deuterated scintillators can also effectively provide neutron spectra by unfolding measured data with the detector response matrix, without the need of time-of-flight. Deuteron recoils, produced by elastic collisions between deuterium and impinging neutrons, are preferentially forward-scattered. This non-isotropic reaction results in distinct peaks in the response functions to monoenergetic neutrons. In this work, we evaluated a custom-fabricated 7.62 cm x 7.62 cm deuterated-xylene (EJ301D) liquid scintillator. This liquid has a low volatility and higher flash point, compared to benzene-based deuterated detectors, e.g. EJ315 and NE230. We measured the EJ301D detector neutron response matrix (up to 6 MeV neutron energy) using an intense Cf252 source and the time-of-flight technique. The number of response functions obtained using our method is only limited by counting statistics and by the experimentally achievable energy resolution. Multi-channel unfolding was performed successfully formore » neutron spectra with different energy spectra.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002534
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Publisher:
IEEE
Research Org:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1366698