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Title: A facile route towards large area self-assembled nanoscale silver film morphologies and their applications towards metal enhanced fluorescence

Here, we present a facile method for fabricating nanostructured silver films containing a high density of nanoscopic gap features through a surface directed phenomenon utilizing nanoporous scaffolds rather than through traditional lithographic patterning processes. This method enables tunability of the silver film growth by simply adjusting the formulation and processing conditions of the nanoporous film prior to metallization. We further demonstrate that this process can produce nanoscopic gaps in thick (100 nm) silver films supporting localized surface plasmon resonance with large field amplification within the gaps while enabling launching of propagating surface plasmons within the silver grains. These enhanced fields provide metal enhanced fluorescence with enhancement factors as high as 21 times compared to glass, as well as enable visualization of single fluorophore emission. This work provides a low-cost rapid approach for producing novel nanostructures capable of broadband fluorescence amplification, with potential applications including plasmonic and fluorescence based optical sensing and imaging applications.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 249; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0925-4005
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; optical sensor; surface plasmon resonance; metal enhanced fluorescence; nanofabrication; self assembly
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416232