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Title: Resolution of rare earth element interferences in fossil energy by-product samples using sector-field ICP-MS

Here, the supply and price of rare earth elements (REEs) have become a concern to many countries in the world, which has led to renewed interest in exploration and recovery of REEs from secondary or waste sources. Potential high REE waste sources that are of particular interest are coal mining, preparation, combustion, and other fossil energy by-products, including those from natural gas production. In this work, we have examined a set of five solid samples from the treatment of produced and flowback water containing elevated concentrations of barium. In order to confirm the correct concentrations of Eu, we studied these materials using sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SF-ICP-MS), which is capable of resolving species of nearly identical masses, including Eu and BaO. While the use of quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS) for the REE analysis of most geological sample matrices should pose no problem, the presence of large amounts of Ba, as encountered in water treatment solids from natural gas produced and flowback samples may require SF-ICP-MS for accurate determination of all REEs.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
CONTR-PUB-266
Journal ID: ISSN 0016-2361; PII: S0016236116306937
Grant/Contract Number:
FE0004000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fuel
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 185; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0016-2361
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; rare earth elements; produced water; flowback water; isobaric interferences; barium; quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry; sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
OSTI Identifier:
1366432

Thompson, Robert L., Bank, Tracy, Roth, Elliot, and Granite, Evan. Resolution of rare earth element interferences in fossil energy by-product samples using sector-field ICP-MS. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2016.07.093.
Thompson, Robert L., Bank, Tracy, Roth, Elliot, & Granite, Evan. Resolution of rare earth element interferences in fossil energy by-product samples using sector-field ICP-MS. United States. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2016.07.093.
Thompson, Robert L., Bank, Tracy, Roth, Elliot, and Granite, Evan. 2016. "Resolution of rare earth element interferences in fossil energy by-product samples using sector-field ICP-MS". United States. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2016.07.093. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1366432.
@article{osti_1366432,
title = {Resolution of rare earth element interferences in fossil energy by-product samples using sector-field ICP-MS},
author = {Thompson, Robert L. and Bank, Tracy and Roth, Elliot and Granite, Evan},
abstractNote = {Here, the supply and price of rare earth elements (REEs) have become a concern to many countries in the world, which has led to renewed interest in exploration and recovery of REEs from secondary or waste sources. Potential high REE waste sources that are of particular interest are coal mining, preparation, combustion, and other fossil energy by-products, including those from natural gas production. In this work, we have examined a set of five solid samples from the treatment of produced and flowback water containing elevated concentrations of barium. In order to confirm the correct concentrations of Eu, we studied these materials using sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SF-ICP-MS), which is capable of resolving species of nearly identical masses, including Eu and BaO. While the use of quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Q-ICP-MS) for the REE analysis of most geological sample matrices should pose no problem, the presence of large amounts of Ba, as encountered in water treatment solids from natural gas produced and flowback samples may require SF-ICP-MS for accurate determination of all REEs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.fuel.2016.07.093},
journal = {Fuel},
number = C,
volume = 185,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}