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Title: Global linear gyrokinetic simulation of energetic particle-driven instabilities in the LHD stellarator

Energetic particles are inherent to toroidal fusion systems and can drive instabilities in the Alfvén frequency range, leading to decreased heating efficiency, high heat fluxes on plasma-facing components, and decreased ignition margin. The applicability of global gyrokinetic simulation methods to macroscopic instabilities has now been demonstrated and it is natural to extend these methods to 3D configurations such as stellarators, tokamaks with 3D coils and reversed field pinch helical states. This has been achieved by coupling the GTC global gyrokinetic PIC model to the VMEC equilibrium model, including 3D effects in the field solvers and particle push. Here, this paper demonstrates the application of this new capability to the linearized analysis of Alfvénic instabilities in the LHD stellarator. For normal shear iota profiles, toroidal Alfvén instabilities in the n = 1 and 2 toroidal mode families are unstable with frequencies in the 75 to 110 kHz range. Also, an LHD case with non-monotonic shear is considered, indicating reductions in growth rate for the same energetic particle drive. Finally, since 3D magnetic fields will be present to some extent in all fusion devices, the extension of gyrokinetic models to 3D configurations is an important step for the simulation of future fusionmore » systems.« less
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. National Inst. for Fusion Science, Toki (Japan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
IOP Science
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; stellarator; LHD; gyrokinetics; Alfven wave; energetic particles; fast ion instability linear
OSTI Identifier: