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Title: Communication enabled – fast acting imbalance reserve (CE-FAIR)

This letter presents a new frequency control strategy that takes advantage of communications and fast responding resources like PV generation, energy storage, wind generation, and demand response, termed collectively as converter interfaced generators (CIGs). The proposed approach uses an active monitoring of power imbalances to rapidly redispatch CIGs. This approach differs from previously proposed frequency control schemes in that it employs feed-forward control based on a measured power imbalance rather that relying on a frequency measurement. As a result, time-domain simulations of the full Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, showing improved performance.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-6253J
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950; 654438
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Publisher:
IEEE
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; feed-forward control; converter interfaced generation; communications; smart grid
OSTI Identifier:
1365813