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Title: Advances in central receivers for concentrating solar applications

This paper provides a review of current state-of-the-art commercial central receiver systems and emerging technologies intended to increase the outlet temperature to >700 °C. Research on particle-based, gas-based, and liquid-based receiver designs that can achieve these higher temperatures are discussed. Particle-based technologies include directly irradiated designs (free-falling, obstructed, centrifugal) and enclosed designs (gravity fed, fluidized). New gas-based receivers include micro-channel designs and light-trapping configurations that increase the surface area, heat transfer, and solar absorptance to enable higher fluxes and pressures. Liquid-based receivers and materials that are reviewed include high-temperature halide salts (chlorides and fluorides), carbonate salts, and liquid metals (sodium and lead bismuth). Advantages and challenges associated with each of the technologies and receiver designs are presented.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-6158J
Journal ID: ISSN 0038-092X; PII: S0038092X17302104
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solar Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 152; Journal ID: ISSN 0038-092X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; Central receivers; Concentrating solar; Particle receivers; High temperature receivers
OSTI Identifier:
1365805

Ho, Clifford K. Advances in central receivers for concentrating solar applications. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2017.03.048.
Ho, Clifford K. Advances in central receivers for concentrating solar applications. United States. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2017.03.048.
Ho, Clifford K. 2017. "Advances in central receivers for concentrating solar applications". United States. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2017.03.048. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1365805.
@article{osti_1365805,
title = {Advances in central receivers for concentrating solar applications},
author = {Ho, Clifford K.},
abstractNote = {This paper provides a review of current state-of-the-art commercial central receiver systems and emerging technologies intended to increase the outlet temperature to >700 °C. Research on particle-based, gas-based, and liquid-based receiver designs that can achieve these higher temperatures are discussed. Particle-based technologies include directly irradiated designs (free-falling, obstructed, centrifugal) and enclosed designs (gravity fed, fluidized). New gas-based receivers include micro-channel designs and light-trapping configurations that increase the surface area, heat transfer, and solar absorptance to enable higher fluxes and pressures. Liquid-based receivers and materials that are reviewed include high-temperature halide salts (chlorides and fluorides), carbonate salts, and liquid metals (sodium and lead bismuth). Advantages and challenges associated with each of the technologies and receiver designs are presented.},
doi = {10.1016/j.solener.2017.03.048},
journal = {Solar Energy},
number = ,
volume = 152,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}