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Title: Compressional behavior of omphacite to 47 GPa

Omphacite is an important mineral component of eclogite. Single crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction data on natural (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al)Si 2O 6 omphacite have been collected at the Advanced Photon Source beamlines 13-BM-C and 13-ID-D up to 47 GPa at ambient temperature. Unit cell parameter and crystal structure refinements were carried out to constrain the isothermal equation of state and compression mechanism. The 3rd order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state (BM3) fit of all data gives V o = 423.9(3) Å3, K To = 116(2) GPa and K To’ = 4.3(2). These elastic parameters are consistent with the general trend of the diopside-jadeite join. The eight-coordinated polyhedra (M2 and M21) are the most compressible, and contribute to majority of the unit cell compression, while the SiO 4 tetrahedra (Si1 and Si2) behave as rigid structural units and are the most incompressible. Axial compressibilities are determined by fitting linearized BM 3 equation of state to pressure dependences of unit cell parameters. Throughout the investigated pressure range, the b-axis is more compressible than the c-axis. Here, the axial compressibility of the α-axis is the largest among the three axes at 0 GPa, yet it quickly drops to the smallest at pressures above 5 GPa, which ismore » explained by the rotation of the stiffest compression axis toward the a-axis with the increase of pressure.« less
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  1. Univ. of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0342-1791
Research Org:
Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; pyroxene; high pressure; single-crystal; diffraction; synchrotron; mantle; subduction
OSTI Identifier: