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Title: Surface area effects on the reduction of U VI in the presence of synthetic montmorillonite

Here, the redox transformations that affect the environmental mobility of metal or radionuclide contaminants typically take place in the presence of mineral or biological surfaces. Adsorption can alter the speciation and free energy of a dissolved ion and can thus change the occurrence, rate, or products of redox reactions relative to those expected in homogenous solution. Here, we investigated the effect of SYn-1, a redox-inactive synthetic montomorillonite clay mineral, on the reduction of U VI by dihydroanthraquinone-2,6 disulfonate (AH 2QDS, the reduced form of the soluble electron shuttle AQDS). We varied the surface:U ratio in a circumneutral bicarbonate solution and measured the valence and atomic coordination of U in the solids using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES and EXAFS). The spectra show that U IV was the predominant product both in the presence or absence of the clay mineral, indicating that adsorption of U VI to clay mineral surface sites does not affect its ability to be reduced by AH 2QDS. In the absence of the clay mineral and at low-to-intermediate surface:U ratios the predominant UIV product was nanoparticulate uraninite, UO 2. At the highest surface:U ratio tested (100 g/L clay mineral and 50 μM U) we observe a decrease inmore » the proportion of uraninite down to 50%, with the remaining U IV present as adsorbed, non-uraninite species. These results are similar to previous findings with magnetite and rutile, where adsorbed U IV were the predominant species below a specific surface coverage and U in excess of this coverage was precipitated as uraninite. The threshold coverage determined here for the SYn-1 clay mineral is 10-100 × lower than that determined for magnetite and rutile, suggesting that clay mineral surfaces may be less important than metal oxides for stabilizing non-uraninite U IV species in natural sediments.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (Bulgaria); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. The Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Geology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 464; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2541
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23), Subsurface Biogeochemical Research
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 58 GEOSCIENCES; AQDS; XANES/EXAFS; clay mineral; non-uraninite products; reduction; uranium
OSTI Identifier:
1364633