skip to main content


Title: Control of power, torque, and instability drive using in-shot variable neutral beam energy in tokamaks

A first-ever demonstration of controlling power and torque injection through time evolution of neutral beam energy has been achieved in recent experiments at the DIII-D tokamak. Pre-programmed waveforms for the neutral beam energy produce power and torque inputs that can be separately and continuously controlled. Previously, these inputs were tailored using on/off modulation of neutral beams resulting in large perturbations (e.g. power swings of over 1 MW). The new method includes, importantly for experiments, the ability to maintain a fixed injected power while varying the torque. In another case, different beam energy waveforms (in the same plasma conditions) produce significant changes in the observed spectrum of beam ion-driven instabilities. Measurements of beam ion loss show that one energy waveform results in the complete avoidance of coherent losses due to Alfvénic instabilities. This new method of neutral beam operation is intended for further application in a variety of DIII-D experiments including those concerned with high-performance steady state scenarios, fast particle effects, and transport in the low torque regime. As a result, developing this capability would provide similar benefits and improved plasma control for other magnetic confinement fusion facilities.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  3. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466; FC02-04ER54698
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
IOP Science
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Contributing Orgs:
The DIII-D Team
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; neutral beam; tokamak; Alfvén wave; plasma control
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1327446; OSTI ID: 1371938; OSTI ID: 1399780