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Title: Stern Layer Structure and Energetics at Mica-Water Interfaces

The screening of surface charge by dissolved ions at solid liquid interfaces in the region of interfacial fluid known as the electrical double layer (EDL)-plays a recurrent role in surface science, from ion adsorption to colloidal mechanics to the transport properties of nanoporous media. A persistent unknown in theories of EDL-related phenomena is the structure of the Stern layer, the near-surface portion of the EDL where water molecules and adsorbed ions form specific short-range interactions with surface atoms. Here, we describe a set of synchrotron X-ray reflectivity (XRR) experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations carried out under identical conditions for a range of 0.1 M alkali chloride (Li-, Na-, K-, Rb-, or CsCl) solutions on the basal surface of muscovite mica, a mineral isostructural to phyllosilicate clay minerals and one of the most widely studied reference surfaces in interfacial science. Our XRR and MD simulation results provide a remarkably consistent view of the structure and energetics of the Stern layer, with some discrepancy on the fraction of the minor outer-sphere component of Rb and on the adsorption energetics of Li. The results of both techniques, along with surface complexation model calculations, provide insight into the sensitivity of water structure andmore » ion adsorption to surface topography and the type of adsorbed counterion.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Univ. d'Orleans (France)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Electrical double layer; Molecular Dynamics simulations; X-ray reflectivity; alkali cations; muscovite mica
OSTI Identifier:
1364386