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Title: Impact of detector simulation in particle physics collider experiments

Through the last three decades, precise simulation of the interactions of particles with matter and modeling of detector geometries has proven to be of critical importance to the success of the international high-energy physics experimental programs. For example, the detailed detector modeling and accurate physics of the Geant4-based simulation software of the CMS and ATLAS particle physics experiments at the European Center of Nuclear Research (CERN) Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was a determinant factor for these collaborations to deliver physics results of outstanding quality faster than any hadron collider experiment ever before. This review article highlights the impact of detector simulation on particle physics collider experiments. It presents numerous examples of the use of simulation, from detector design and optimization, through software and computing development and testing, to cases where the use of simulation samples made a difference in the accuracy of the physics results and publication turnaround, from data-taking to submission. It also presents the economic impact and cost of simulation in the CMS experiment. Future experiments will collect orders of magnitude more data, taxing heavily the performance of simulation and reconstruction software for increasingly complex detectors. Consequently, it becomes urgent to find solutions to speed up simulation softwaremore » in order to cope with the increased demand in a time of flat budgets. The study ends with a short discussion on the potential solutions that are being explored, by leveraging core count growth in multicore machines, using new generation coprocessors, and re-engineering of HEP code for concurrency and parallel computing.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-067-CD
Journal ID: ISSN 0370-1573; 1598095
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 695; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-1573
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; simulation; high energy physics; particle physics; Geant4; software; computing
OSTI Identifier:
1364365

Elvira, V. Daniel. Impact of detector simulation in particle physics collider experiments. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2017.06.002.
Elvira, V. Daniel. Impact of detector simulation in particle physics collider experiments. United States. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2017.06.002.
Elvira, V. Daniel. 2017. "Impact of detector simulation in particle physics collider experiments". United States. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2017.06.002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1364365.
@article{osti_1364365,
title = {Impact of detector simulation in particle physics collider experiments},
author = {Elvira, V. Daniel},
abstractNote = {Through the last three decades, precise simulation of the interactions of particles with matter and modeling of detector geometries has proven to be of critical importance to the success of the international high-energy physics experimental programs. For example, the detailed detector modeling and accurate physics of the Geant4-based simulation software of the CMS and ATLAS particle physics experiments at the European Center of Nuclear Research (CERN) Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was a determinant factor for these collaborations to deliver physics results of outstanding quality faster than any hadron collider experiment ever before. This review article highlights the impact of detector simulation on particle physics collider experiments. It presents numerous examples of the use of simulation, from detector design and optimization, through software and computing development and testing, to cases where the use of simulation samples made a difference in the accuracy of the physics results and publication turnaround, from data-taking to submission. It also presents the economic impact and cost of simulation in the CMS experiment. Future experiments will collect orders of magnitude more data, taxing heavily the performance of simulation and reconstruction software for increasingly complex detectors. Consequently, it becomes urgent to find solutions to speed up simulation software in order to cope with the increased demand in a time of flat budgets. The study ends with a short discussion on the potential solutions that are being explored, by leveraging core count growth in multicore machines, using new generation coprocessors, and re-engineering of HEP code for concurrency and parallel computing.},
doi = {10.1016/j.physrep.2017.06.002},
journal = {Physics Reports},
number = C,
volume = 695,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}