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Title: Thermal defect annealing of swift heavy ion irradiated ThO 2

Neutron total scattering and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the structural recovery of irradiated polycrystalline ThO 2 (2.2 GeV Au, = 1 x 10 13 ions/cm 2) during isochronal annealing. Here, neutron diffraction patterns showed that the Bragg signal-to-noise ratio increases and the unit cell parameter decreases as a function of isochronal annealing temperature, with the latter reaching its pre-irradiation value by 750 °C. Diffuse neutron scattering and Raman spectroscopy measurements indicate that an isochronal annealing event occurs between 275$-$425 °C. This feature is attributed to the annihilation of oxygen point defects and small oxygen defect clusters.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Chemical and Engineering Materials Division
  4. GSI-Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Technische Univ. Darmstadt (Germany)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; NA0002006
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 405; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-583X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ThO2; Swift heavy ions; Defects; Neutron total scattering; Raman spectroscopy; Annealing
OSTI Identifier:
1364316
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397664

Palomares, Raul I., Tracy, Cameron L., Neuefeind, Joerg, Ewing, Rodney C., Trautmann, Christina, and Lang, Maik. Thermal defect annealing of swift heavy ion irradiated ThO2. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2017.05.007.
Palomares, Raul I., Tracy, Cameron L., Neuefeind, Joerg, Ewing, Rodney C., Trautmann, Christina, & Lang, Maik. Thermal defect annealing of swift heavy ion irradiated ThO2. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2017.05.007.
Palomares, Raul I., Tracy, Cameron L., Neuefeind, Joerg, Ewing, Rodney C., Trautmann, Christina, and Lang, Maik. 2017. "Thermal defect annealing of swift heavy ion irradiated ThO2". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2017.05.007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1364316.
@article{osti_1364316,
title = {Thermal defect annealing of swift heavy ion irradiated ThO2},
author = {Palomares, Raul I. and Tracy, Cameron L. and Neuefeind, Joerg and Ewing, Rodney C. and Trautmann, Christina and Lang, Maik},
abstractNote = {Neutron total scattering and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the structural recovery of irradiated polycrystalline ThO2 (2.2 GeV Au, = 1 x 1013 ions/cm2) during isochronal annealing. Here, neutron diffraction patterns showed that the Bragg signal-to-noise ratio increases and the unit cell parameter decreases as a function of isochronal annealing temperature, with the latter reaching its pre-irradiation value by 750 °C. Diffuse neutron scattering and Raman spectroscopy measurements indicate that an isochronal annealing event occurs between 275$-$425 °C. This feature is attributed to the annihilation of oxygen point defects and small oxygen defect clusters.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nimb.2017.05.007},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
number = C,
volume = 405,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}