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Title: Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes

Abstract

Aqueous processing of thick electrodes for Li-ion cells promises to increase energy density due to increased volume fraction of active materials, and to reduce cost due to the elimination of the toxic solvents. Here in this paper this work reports the processing and characterization of aqueous processed electrodes with high areal loading and associated full pouch cell performance. Cracking of the electrode coatings becomes a critical issue for aqueous processing of the positive electrode as areal loading increases above 20–25 mg/cm2 (~4 mAh/cm2). Crack initiation and propagation, which was observed during drying via optical microscopy, is related to the build-up of capillary pressure during the drying process. The surface tension of water was reduced by the addition of isopropyl alcohol (IPA), which led to improved wettability and decreased capillary pressure during drying. The critical thickness (areal loading) without cracking increased gradually with increasing IPA content. The electrochemical performance was evaluated in pouch cells. Electrodes processed with water/IPA (80/20 wt%) mixture exhibited good structural integrity with good rate performance and cycling performance.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [3];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division; Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education
  4. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1364299
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1415684
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 354; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Electrode manufacturing; Thick electrode; Aqueous processing; Coating cracking

Citation Formats

Du, Zhijia, Rollag, K. M., Li, J., An, S. J., Wood, M., Sheng, Y., Mukherjee, P. P., Daniel, C., and Wood, D. L. Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.04.030.
Du, Zhijia, Rollag, K. M., Li, J., An, S. J., Wood, M., Sheng, Y., Mukherjee, P. P., Daniel, C., & Wood, D. L. Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.04.030.
Du, Zhijia, Rollag, K. M., Li, J., An, S. J., Wood, M., Sheng, Y., Mukherjee, P. P., Daniel, C., and Wood, D. L. Fri . "Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.04.030. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1364299.
@article{osti_1364299,
title = {Enabling aqueous processing for crack-free thick electrodes},
author = {Du, Zhijia and Rollag, K. M. and Li, J. and An, S. J. and Wood, M. and Sheng, Y. and Mukherjee, P. P. and Daniel, C. and Wood, D. L.},
abstractNote = {Aqueous processing of thick electrodes for Li-ion cells promises to increase energy density due to increased volume fraction of active materials, and to reduce cost due to the elimination of the toxic solvents. Here in this paper this work reports the processing and characterization of aqueous processed electrodes with high areal loading and associated full pouch cell performance. Cracking of the electrode coatings becomes a critical issue for aqueous processing of the positive electrode as areal loading increases above 20–25 mg/cm2 (~4 mAh/cm2). Crack initiation and propagation, which was observed during drying via optical microscopy, is related to the build-up of capillary pressure during the drying process. The surface tension of water was reduced by the addition of isopropyl alcohol (IPA), which led to improved wettability and decreased capillary pressure during drying. The critical thickness (areal loading) without cracking increased gradually with increasing IPA content. The electrochemical performance was evaluated in pouch cells. Electrodes processed with water/IPA (80/20 wt%) mixture exhibited good structural integrity with good rate performance and cycling performance.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.04.030},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 354,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Simulation of Micro/Nanopowder Mixing Characteristics for Dry Spray Additive Manufacturing of Li-Ion Battery Electrodes
journal, September 2017

  • Ludwig, Brandon; Liu, Jin; Liu, Yangtao
  • Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, Vol. 5, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1115/1.4037769

Layer Formation from Polymer Carbon-Black Dispersions
journal, December 2018


Simulation of Micro/Nanopowder Mixing Characteristics for Dry Spray Additive Manufacturing of Li-Ion Battery Electrodes
journal, September 2017

  • Ludwig, Brandon; Liu, Jin; Liu, Yangtao
  • Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, Vol. 5, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1115/1.4037769

Layer Formation from Polymer Carbon-Black Dispersions
text, January 2018