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Title: Impact of mineral precipitation on flow and mixing in porous media determined by microcomputed tomography and MRI

Here, precipitation reactions in porous media influence transport properties of the environment and can control advective and dispersive transport. In subsurface environments, mixing of saline groundwater or injected solutions for remediation with fresh groundwater can induce supersaturation of constituents and drive precipitation reactions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and micro-computed tomography (µ-CT) were employed as complimentary techniques to evaluate advection, dispersion and formation of precipitate in a 3D porous media flow cell. Two parallel fluids were flowed concentrically through the porous media under two flow rate conditions with Na 2CO 3 and CaCl 2 in the inner and outer fluids, respectively. Upon mixing, calcium carbonate became supersaturated and formed a precipitate at the interface of the two fluids. Spatial maps of changing local velocity fields and dispersion in the flow cell were generated from MRI, while high resolution imaging of the precipitate formed in the porous media was achieved via µ-CT imaging. Formation of a precipitate layer minimized dispersive and advective transport between the two fluids and the shape of the precipitation was influenced by the flow rate condition.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-16-38883
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Grant/Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; mineral precipitation; porous media
OSTI Identifier:
1364026

Bray, Joshua M., Lauchnor, Ellen G., Redden, George D., Gerlach, Robin, Fujita, Yoshiko, Codd, Sarah L., and Seymour, Joseph D.. Impact of mineral precipitation on flow and mixing in porous media determined by microcomputed tomography and MRI. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02999.
Bray, Joshua M., Lauchnor, Ellen G., Redden, George D., Gerlach, Robin, Fujita, Yoshiko, Codd, Sarah L., & Seymour, Joseph D.. Impact of mineral precipitation on flow and mixing in porous media determined by microcomputed tomography and MRI. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02999.
Bray, Joshua M., Lauchnor, Ellen G., Redden, George D., Gerlach, Robin, Fujita, Yoshiko, Codd, Sarah L., and Seymour, Joseph D.. 2016. "Impact of mineral precipitation on flow and mixing in porous media determined by microcomputed tomography and MRI". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02999. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1364026.
@article{osti_1364026,
title = {Impact of mineral precipitation on flow and mixing in porous media determined by microcomputed tomography and MRI},
author = {Bray, Joshua M. and Lauchnor, Ellen G. and Redden, George D. and Gerlach, Robin and Fujita, Yoshiko and Codd, Sarah L. and Seymour, Joseph D.},
abstractNote = {Here, precipitation reactions in porous media influence transport properties of the environment and can control advective and dispersive transport. In subsurface environments, mixing of saline groundwater or injected solutions for remediation with fresh groundwater can induce supersaturation of constituents and drive precipitation reactions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and micro-computed tomography (µ-CT) were employed as complimentary techniques to evaluate advection, dispersion and formation of precipitate in a 3D porous media flow cell. Two parallel fluids were flowed concentrically through the porous media under two flow rate conditions with Na2CO3 and CaCl2 in the inner and outer fluids, respectively. Upon mixing, calcium carbonate became supersaturated and formed a precipitate at the interface of the two fluids. Spatial maps of changing local velocity fields and dispersion in the flow cell were generated from MRI, while high resolution imaging of the precipitate formed in the porous media was achieved via µ-CT imaging. Formation of a precipitate layer minimized dispersive and advective transport between the two fluids and the shape of the precipitation was influenced by the flow rate condition.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.est.6b02999},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 3,
volume = 51,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}