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Title: Thermoelectric properties of in-situ plasma spray synthesized sub-stoichiometry TiO 2-x

The thermoelectric properties of sub-stoichiometric TiO 2-x deposits produced by cascaded-plasma spray process are investigated from room-temperature to 750 K. Sub-stoichiometric TiO 2-x deposits are formed through in-situ reaction of the TiO 1.9 within the high temperature plasma flame and manipulated through introduction of varying amounts of hydrogen in the plasma. Although the TiO 2-x particles experience reduction within plasma, it can also re-oxidize through interaction with the surrounding ambient atmosphere, resulting in a complex interplay between process conditions and stoichiometry. The deposits predominantly contain rutile phase with presence of Magneli phases especially under significantly reducing plasma conditions. The resultant deposits show sensitivity to thermoelectric properties and under certain optimal conditions repeatedly show Seebeck coefficients reaching values of -230 μV K -1 at temperatures of 750 K while providing an electrical conductivity of 5.48 × 10 3 S m -1, relatively low thermal conductivity in the range of 1.5 to 2 W m -1 K -1 resulting in power factor of 2.9 μW cm -1 K -2. The resultant maximum thermoelectric figure of merit value reached 0.132 under these optimal conditions. Lastly, the results point to a potential pathway for a large-scale fabrication of low-cost oxide based thermoelectric with potentialmore » applicability at moderate to high temperatures.« less
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  1. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Brookhaven Science Associates, Inc., Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; thermoelectric devices and materials; thermoelectrics
OSTI Identifier: