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Title: Orientation Control of Interfacial Magnetism at La 0.67Sr 0.33MnO 3/SrTiO 3 Interfaces

Understanding the magnetism at the interface between a ferromagnet and an insulator is essential because the commonly posited magnetic “dead” layer close to an interface can be problematic in magnetic tunnel junctions. Previously, degradation of the magnetic interface was attributed to charge discontinuity across the interface. In this paper, the interfacial magnetism was investigated using three identically prepared La 0.67Sr 0.33MnO 3 (LSMO) thin films grown on different oriented SrTiO 3 (STO) substrates by polarized neutron reflectometry. In all cases the magnetization at the LSMO/STO interface is larger than the film bulk. We show that the interfacial magnetization is largest across the LSMO/STO interfaces with (001) and (111) orientations, which have the largest net charge discontinuities across the interfaces. In contrast, the magnetization of LSMO/STO across the (110) interface, the orientation with no net charge discontinuity, is the smallest of the three orientations. We show that a magnetically degraded interface is not intrinsic to LSMO/STO heterostructures. Finally, the approach to use different crystallographic orientations provides a means to investigate the influence of charge discontinuity on the interfacial magnetization.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Instruments and Source Division
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Contributing Orgs:
Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; charge discontinuity; interfacial magnetization; magnetic “dead” layer; polarized neutron reflectometry
OSTI Identifier: