skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Sustainable Energy-Storage Materials from Lignin-Graphene Nanocomposite-Derived Porous Carbon Film

We present a simple, green approach to fabricating porous free-standing carbon films. An alkaline solution of low-cost, renewable lignin and graphene oxide (GO) is cast, followed by simultaneous carbonization and activation. Lignin, which is the least valued product from several biomass processing industries, is an efficient source of carbon when used as an intercalating agent to separate graphene sheets derived from homogeneous GO/lignin nanocomposite films prepared from an aqueous alkaline (KOH) solution. After thermal treatment the GO/lignin films show complete dispersion of reduced GO sheets within amorphous lignin-derived carbon. Furthermore, the presence of KOH in the film produces activated carbon. The resulting activated carbon films display a specific surface area of up to 1744 m2 g 1 and consist of a balance of pore volumes with pore sizes below and above 1 nm. A two-electrode supercapacitor composed of these films in an aqueous electrolyte exhibits near-ideal capacitive behavior at an ultrahigh scan rate of 1 V s 1, while maintaining an excellent specific capacitance of 162 F g 1. Such outstanding performance of renewable carbon as a supercapacitor, in addition to the ease of electrode fabrication from a precursor containing 85 % lignin, offers a novel method for valorization ofmore » lignin-rich byproduct streams from biomass processing industries.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science and Neutron Science Directorate
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2194-4288
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1362202

Tran, Chau D., Ho, Hoi Chun, Keum, Jong K., Chen, Jihua, Gallego, Nidia C., and Naskar, Amit K.. Sustainable Energy-Storage Materials from Lignin-Graphene Nanocomposite-Derived Porous Carbon Film. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/ente.201700090.
Tran, Chau D., Ho, Hoi Chun, Keum, Jong K., Chen, Jihua, Gallego, Nidia C., & Naskar, Amit K.. Sustainable Energy-Storage Materials from Lignin-Graphene Nanocomposite-Derived Porous Carbon Film. United States. doi:10.1002/ente.201700090.
Tran, Chau D., Ho, Hoi Chun, Keum, Jong K., Chen, Jihua, Gallego, Nidia C., and Naskar, Amit K.. 2017. "Sustainable Energy-Storage Materials from Lignin-Graphene Nanocomposite-Derived Porous Carbon Film". United States. doi:10.1002/ente.201700090. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1362202.
@article{osti_1362202,
title = {Sustainable Energy-Storage Materials from Lignin-Graphene Nanocomposite-Derived Porous Carbon Film},
author = {Tran, Chau D. and Ho, Hoi Chun and Keum, Jong K. and Chen, Jihua and Gallego, Nidia C. and Naskar, Amit K.},
abstractNote = {We present a simple, green approach to fabricating porous free-standing carbon films. An alkaline solution of low-cost, renewable lignin and graphene oxide (GO) is cast, followed by simultaneous carbonization and activation. Lignin, which is the least valued product from several biomass processing industries, is an efficient source of carbon when used as an intercalating agent to separate graphene sheets derived from homogeneous GO/lignin nanocomposite films prepared from an aqueous alkaline (KOH) solution. After thermal treatment the GO/lignin films show complete dispersion of reduced GO sheets within amorphous lignin-derived carbon. Furthermore, the presence of KOH in the film produces activated carbon. The resulting activated carbon films display a specific surface area of up to 1744 m2 g 1 and consist of a balance of pore volumes with pore sizes below and above 1 nm. A two-electrode supercapacitor composed of these films in an aqueous electrolyte exhibits near-ideal capacitive behavior at an ultrahigh scan rate of 1 V s 1, while maintaining an excellent specific capacitance of 162 F g 1. Such outstanding performance of renewable carbon as a supercapacitor, in addition to the ease of electrode fabrication from a precursor containing 85 % lignin, offers a novel method for valorization of lignin-rich byproduct streams from biomass processing industries.},
doi = {10.1002/ente.201700090},
journal = {Energy Technology},
number = ,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Lignin Valorization: Improving Lignin Processing in the Biorefinery
journal, May 2014
  • Ragauskas, A. J.; Beckham, G. T.; Biddy, M. J.
  • Science, Vol. 344, Issue 6185, p. 1246843-1246843
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1246843

Ultrahigh-power micrometre-sized supercapacitors based on onion-like carbon
journal, August 2010
  • Pech, David; Brunet, Magali; Durou, Hugo
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, Issue 9, p. 651-654
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.162

Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films
journal, October 2004

Synthesis of graphene-based nanosheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide
journal, June 2007

Carbon-Based Supercapacitors Produced by Activation of Graphene
journal, May 2011

Carbon materials for the electrochemical storage of energy in capacitors
journal, May 2001

Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications
journal, June 2010
  • Zhu, Yanwu; Murali, Shanthi; Cai, Weiwei
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 35, p. 3906-3924
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201001068

Carbon properties and their role in supercapacitors
journal, June 2006

A New Class of Renewable Thermoplastics with Extraordinary Performance from Nanostructured Lignin-Elastomers
journal, March 2016
  • Tran, Chau D.; Chen, Jihua; Keum, Jong K.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 16, p. 2677-2685
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201504990

Single Sheet Functionalized Graphene by Oxidation and Thermal Expansion of Graphite
journal, September 2007
  • McAllister, Michael J.; Li, Je-Luen; Adamson, Douglas H.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 18, p. 4396-4404
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm0630800

Flexible graphene–polyaniline composite paper for high-performance supercapacitor
journal, January 2013
  • Cong, Huai-Ping; Ren, Xiao-Chen; Wang, Ping
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 4, p. 1185-1191
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ee24203f

Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper
journal, July 2007
  • Dikin, Dmitriy A.; Stankovich, Sasha; Zimney, Eric J.
  • Nature, Vol. 448, Issue 7152, p. 457-460
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06016

Fabrication of High-Concentration and Stable Aqueous Suspensions of Graphene Nanosheets by Noncovalent Functionalization with Lignin and Cellulose Derivatives
journal, February 2010
  • Yang, Qiang; Pan, Xuejun; Huang, Fang
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, Issue 9, p. 3811-3816
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp910232x