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Title: Hard-Soft Composite Carbon as a Long-Cycling and High-Rate Anode for Potassium-Ion Batteries

There exist tremendous needs for sustainable storage solutions for intermittent renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy. Thus, systems based on Earth-abundant elements deserve much attention. Potassium-ion batteries represent a promising candidate because of the abundance of potassium resources. As for the choices of anodes, graphite exhibits encouraging potassium-ion storage properties; however, it suffers limited rate capability and poor cycling stability. Here in this paper, nongraphitic carbons as K-ion anodes with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as the binder are systematically investigated. Compared to hard carbon and soft carbon, a hard–soft composite carbon with 20 wt% soft carbon distributed in the matrix phase of hard carbon microspheres exhibits highly amenable performance: high capacity, high rate capability, and very stable long-term cycling. In contrast, pure hard carbon suffers limited rate capability, while the capacity of pure soft carbon fades more rapidly.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X; R&D Project: 16060; 16060; KC0403020
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; SC-00112704
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; Carbon anode; Hard carbon; Soft carbon; Non-graphitic; Potassium-ion batteries
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1401079