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Title: High-energy x-ray scattering studies of battery materials

High-energy x-ray (HEX) scattering is a sensitive and powerful tool to nondestructively probe the atomic and mesoscale structures of battery materials under synthesis and operational conditions. The penetration power of HEXs enables the use of large, practical samples and realistic environments, allowing researchers to explore the inner workings of batteries in both laboratory and commercial formats. This article highlights the capability and versatility of HEX techniques, particularly from synchrotron sources, to elucidate materials synthesis processes and thermal instability mechanisms in situ, to understand (dis)charging mechanisms in operando under a variety of cycling conditions, and to spatially resolve electrode/electrolyte responses to highlight connections between inhomogeneity and performance. Such studies have increased our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying battery performance. Here, by deepening our understanding of the linkages between microstructure and overall performance, HEXs represent a powerful tool for validating existing batteries and shortening battery-development timelines.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
MRS Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 06; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1362123

Glazer, Matthew P. B., Okasinski, John S., Almer, Jonathan D., and Ren, Yang. High-energy x-ray scattering studies of battery materials. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.96.
Glazer, Matthew P. B., Okasinski, John S., Almer, Jonathan D., & Ren, Yang. High-energy x-ray scattering studies of battery materials. United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.96.
Glazer, Matthew P. B., Okasinski, John S., Almer, Jonathan D., and Ren, Yang. 2016. "High-energy x-ray scattering studies of battery materials". United States. doi:10.1557/mrs.2016.96. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1362123.
@article{osti_1362123,
title = {High-energy x-ray scattering studies of battery materials},
author = {Glazer, Matthew P. B. and Okasinski, John S. and Almer, Jonathan D. and Ren, Yang},
abstractNote = {High-energy x-ray (HEX) scattering is a sensitive and powerful tool to nondestructively probe the atomic and mesoscale structures of battery materials under synthesis and operational conditions. The penetration power of HEXs enables the use of large, practical samples and realistic environments, allowing researchers to explore the inner workings of batteries in both laboratory and commercial formats. This article highlights the capability and versatility of HEX techniques, particularly from synchrotron sources, to elucidate materials synthesis processes and thermal instability mechanisms in situ, to understand (dis)charging mechanisms in operando under a variety of cycling conditions, and to spatially resolve electrode/electrolyte responses to highlight connections between inhomogeneity and performance. Such studies have increased our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying battery performance. Here, by deepening our understanding of the linkages between microstructure and overall performance, HEXs represent a powerful tool for validating existing batteries and shortening battery-development timelines.},
doi = {10.1557/mrs.2016.96},
journal = {MRS Bulletin},
number = 06,
volume = 41,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}