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Title: MHz gravitational wave constraints with decameter Michelson interferometers

A new detector, the Fermilab Holometer, consists of separate yet identical 39-meter Michelson interferometers. Strain sensitivity achieved is better than 10 –21/√Hz between 1 to 13 MHz from a 130-h data set. This measurement exceeds the sensitivity and frequency range made from previous high frequency gravitational wave experiments by many orders of magnitude. Constraints are placed on a stochastic background at 382 Hz resolution. The 3σ upper limit on Ω GW, the gravitational wave energy density normalized to the closure density, ranges from 5.6 × 10 12 at 1 MHz to 8.4 × 10 15 at 13 MHz. Another result from the same data set is a search for nearby primordial black hole binaries (PBHB). There are no detectable monochromatic PBHBs in the mass range 0.83–3.5 × 10 21 g between the Earth and the Moon. Projections for a chirp search with the same data set increase the mass range to 0.59–2.5 × 10 25 g and distances out to Jupiter. Furthermore, this result presents a new method for placing limits on a poorly constrained mass range of primordial black holes. Additionally, solar system searches for PBHBs place limits on their contribution to the total dark matter fraction.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [6] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [10]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  3. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  4. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  5. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon (Republic of Korea)
  6. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  7. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Adler Planetarium, Chicago, IL (United States)
  8. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  9. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  10. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1611.05560; FERMILAB-PUB-16-449-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1498657
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
Holometer Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1362053
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1345689

Chou, Aaron S., Gustafson, Richard, Hogan, Craig, Kamai, Brittany, Kwon, Ohkyung, Lanza, Robert, Larson, Shane L., McCuller, Lee, Meyer, Stephan S., Richardson, Jonathan, Stoughton, Chris, Tomlin, Raymond, and Weiss, Rainer. MHz gravitational wave constraints with decameter Michelson interferometers. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.063002.
Chou, Aaron S., Gustafson, Richard, Hogan, Craig, Kamai, Brittany, Kwon, Ohkyung, Lanza, Robert, Larson, Shane L., McCuller, Lee, Meyer, Stephan S., Richardson, Jonathan, Stoughton, Chris, Tomlin, Raymond, & Weiss, Rainer. MHz gravitational wave constraints with decameter Michelson interferometers. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.063002.
Chou, Aaron S., Gustafson, Richard, Hogan, Craig, Kamai, Brittany, Kwon, Ohkyung, Lanza, Robert, Larson, Shane L., McCuller, Lee, Meyer, Stephan S., Richardson, Jonathan, Stoughton, Chris, Tomlin, Raymond, and Weiss, Rainer. 2017. "MHz gravitational wave constraints with decameter Michelson interferometers". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.063002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1362053.
@article{osti_1362053,
title = {MHz gravitational wave constraints with decameter Michelson interferometers},
author = {Chou, Aaron S. and Gustafson, Richard and Hogan, Craig and Kamai, Brittany and Kwon, Ohkyung and Lanza, Robert and Larson, Shane L. and McCuller, Lee and Meyer, Stephan S. and Richardson, Jonathan and Stoughton, Chris and Tomlin, Raymond and Weiss, Rainer},
abstractNote = {A new detector, the Fermilab Holometer, consists of separate yet identical 39-meter Michelson interferometers. Strain sensitivity achieved is better than 10–21/√Hz between 1 to 13 MHz from a 130-h data set. This measurement exceeds the sensitivity and frequency range made from previous high frequency gravitational wave experiments by many orders of magnitude. Constraints are placed on a stochastic background at 382 Hz resolution. The 3σ upper limit on ΩGW, the gravitational wave energy density normalized to the closure density, ranges from 5.6 × 1012 at 1 MHz to 8.4 × 1015 at 13 MHz. Another result from the same data set is a search for nearby primordial black hole binaries (PBHB). There are no detectable monochromatic PBHBs in the mass range 0.83–3.5 × 1021 g between the Earth and the Moon. Projections for a chirp search with the same data set increase the mass range to 0.59–2.5 × 1025 g and distances out to Jupiter. Furthermore, this result presents a new method for placing limits on a poorly constrained mass range of primordial black holes. Additionally, solar system searches for PBHBs place limits on their contribution to the total dark matter fraction.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.95.063002},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 6,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}