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Title: Modular soft x-ray spectrometer for applications in energy sciences and quantum materials

Abstract

Over the past decade, the advances in grating-based soft X-ray spectrometers have revolutionized the soft X-ray spectroscopies in materials research. However, these novel spectrometers are mostly dedicated designs, which cannot be easily adopted for applications with diverging demands. Here we present a versatile spectrometer design concept based on the Hettrick-Underwood optical scheme that uses modular mechanical components. The spectrometer’s optics chamber can be used with gratings operated in either inside or outside orders, and the detector assembly can be reconfigured accordingly. The spectrometer can be designed to have high spectral resolution, exceeding 10 000 resolving power when using small source (~1μm) and detector pixels (~5μm) with high line density gratings (~3000 lines/mm), or high throughput at moderate resolution. We report two such spectrometers with slightly different design goals and optical parameters in this paper. We show that the spectrometer with high throughput and large energy window is particularly useful for studying the sustainable energy materials. We demonstrate that the extensive resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) map of battery cathode material LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 can be produced in few hours using such a spectrometer. Unlike analyzing only a handful of RIXS spectra taken at selected excitation photon energies across the elemental absorption edgesmore » to determine various spectral features like the localized dd excitations and non-resonant fluorescence emissions, these features can be easily identified in the RIXS maps. Studying such RIXS maps could reveal novel transition metal redox in battery compounds that are sometimes hard to be unambiguously identified in X-ray absorption and emission spectra. In conclusion, we propose that this modular spectrometer design can serve as the platform for further customization to meet specific scientific demands.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [7]; ORCiD logo [9];  [2];  [1];  [10]; ORCiD logo [11]; ORCiD logo [1] more »; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [1] « less
  1. Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
  2. Department of Physics, Tamkang University, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan
  3. Engineering Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
  4. Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
  5. MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, SE221-00 Lund, Sweden
  6. Department of Physics, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
  7. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA
  8. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, USA, Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
  9. Department of Applied Physics, National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
  10. Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
  11. Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1361744
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1353087; OSTI ID: 1365830; OSTI ID: 1420488; OSTI ID: 1530269
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; AC02-76SF00515; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments Journal Volume: 88 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Chuang, Yi-De, Shao, Yu-Cheng, Cruz, Alejandro, Hanzel, Kelly, Brown, Adam, Frano, Alex, Qiao, Ruimin, Smith, Brian, Domning, Edward, Huang, Shih-Wen, Wray, L. Andrew, Lee, Wei-Sheng, Shen, Zhi-Xun, Devereaux, Thomas P., Chiou, Jaw-Wern, Pong, Way-Faung, Yashchuk, Valeriy V., Gullikson, Eric, Reininger, Ruben, Yang, Wanli, Guo, Jinghua, Duarte, Robert, and Hussain, Zahid. Modular soft x-ray spectrometer for applications in energy sciences and quantum materials. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974356.
Chuang, Yi-De, Shao, Yu-Cheng, Cruz, Alejandro, Hanzel, Kelly, Brown, Adam, Frano, Alex, Qiao, Ruimin, Smith, Brian, Domning, Edward, Huang, Shih-Wen, Wray, L. Andrew, Lee, Wei-Sheng, Shen, Zhi-Xun, Devereaux, Thomas P., Chiou, Jaw-Wern, Pong, Way-Faung, Yashchuk, Valeriy V., Gullikson, Eric, Reininger, Ruben, Yang, Wanli, Guo, Jinghua, Duarte, Robert, & Hussain, Zahid. Modular soft x-ray spectrometer for applications in energy sciences and quantum materials. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974356
Chuang, Yi-De, Shao, Yu-Cheng, Cruz, Alejandro, Hanzel, Kelly, Brown, Adam, Frano, Alex, Qiao, Ruimin, Smith, Brian, Domning, Edward, Huang, Shih-Wen, Wray, L. Andrew, Lee, Wei-Sheng, Shen, Zhi-Xun, Devereaux, Thomas P., Chiou, Jaw-Wern, Pong, Way-Faung, Yashchuk, Valeriy V., Gullikson, Eric, Reininger, Ruben, Yang, Wanli, Guo, Jinghua, Duarte, Robert, and Hussain, Zahid. Fri . "Modular soft x-ray spectrometer for applications in energy sciences and quantum materials". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974356.
@article{osti_1361744,
title = {Modular soft x-ray spectrometer for applications in energy sciences and quantum materials},
author = {Chuang, Yi-De and Shao, Yu-Cheng and Cruz, Alejandro and Hanzel, Kelly and Brown, Adam and Frano, Alex and Qiao, Ruimin and Smith, Brian and Domning, Edward and Huang, Shih-Wen and Wray, L. Andrew and Lee, Wei-Sheng and Shen, Zhi-Xun and Devereaux, Thomas P. and Chiou, Jaw-Wern and Pong, Way-Faung and Yashchuk, Valeriy V. and Gullikson, Eric and Reininger, Ruben and Yang, Wanli and Guo, Jinghua and Duarte, Robert and Hussain, Zahid},
abstractNote = {Over the past decade, the advances in grating-based soft X-ray spectrometers have revolutionized the soft X-ray spectroscopies in materials research. However, these novel spectrometers are mostly dedicated designs, which cannot be easily adopted for applications with diverging demands. Here we present a versatile spectrometer design concept based on the Hettrick-Underwood optical scheme that uses modular mechanical components. The spectrometer’s optics chamber can be used with gratings operated in either inside or outside orders, and the detector assembly can be reconfigured accordingly. The spectrometer can be designed to have high spectral resolution, exceeding 10 000 resolving power when using small source (~1μm) and detector pixels (~5μm) with high line density gratings (~3000 lines/mm), or high throughput at moderate resolution. We report two such spectrometers with slightly different design goals and optical parameters in this paper. We show that the spectrometer with high throughput and large energy window is particularly useful for studying the sustainable energy materials. We demonstrate that the extensive resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) map of battery cathode material LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 can be produced in few hours using such a spectrometer. Unlike analyzing only a handful of RIXS spectra taken at selected excitation photon energies across the elemental absorption edges to determine various spectral features like the localized dd excitations and non-resonant fluorescence emissions, these features can be easily identified in the RIXS maps. Studying such RIXS maps could reveal novel transition metal redox in battery compounds that are sometimes hard to be unambiguously identified in X-ray absorption and emission spectra. In conclusion, we propose that this modular spectrometer design can serve as the platform for further customization to meet specific scientific demands.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4974356},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 1,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974356

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Cited by: 8 works
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