skip to main content


Title: R 3Au 9 Pn ( R = Y, Gd–Tm; Pn = Sb, Bi): A link between Cu 10Sn 3 and Gd 14Ag 51

A new series of intermetallic compounds R 3Au 9 Pn ( R = Y, Gd–Tm; Pn = Sb, Bi) has been discovered during the explorations of the Au-rich parts of rare-earth-containing ternary systems with p-block elements. The existence of the series is strongly restricted by both geometric and electronic factors. R 3Au 9 Pn compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with space group P6 3/m (a = 8.08–8.24 Å, c = 8.98–9.08 Å). All compounds feature Au- Pn, formally anionic, networks built up by layers of alternating edge-sharing Au@Au 6 and Sb@Au 6 trigonal antiprisms of overall composition Au 6/2 Pn connected through additional Au atoms and separated by a triangular cationic substructure formed by R atoms. From a first look, the series appears to be isostructural with recently reported R 3Au 7Sn 3 (a ternary ordered derivative of the Cu 10Sn 3-structure type), but no example of R 3Au 9M is known when M is a triel or tetrel element. R 3Au 9 Pn also contains Au@Au 6Au 2 R 3 fully capped trigonal prisms, which are found to be isostructural with those found in the well-researched R 14Au 51 series. This structural motif, not present in Rmore » 3Au 7Sn 3, represents a previously unrecognized link between Cu 10Sn 3 and Gd 14Ag 51 parent structure types. Magnetic property measurements carried out for Ho 3Au 9Sb reveal a complex magnetic structure characterized by antiferromagnetic interactions at low temperature ( T N = 10 K). Two metamagnetic transitions occur at high field with a change from antiferromagnetic toward ferromagnetic ordering. Density functional theory based computations were performed to understand the materials’ properties and to shed some light on the stability ranges. As a result, this allowed a better understanding of the bonding pattern, especially of the Au-containing substructure, and elucidation of the role of the third element in the stability of the structure type.« less
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Univ. of Genova, Genova (Italy); Institute SPIN-CNR, Genova (Italy)
  3. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1372223