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Title: Room-temperature magnetic topological Weyl fermion and nodal line semimetal states in half-metallic Heusler Co 2TiX (X=Si, Ge, or Sn)

Abstract

Topological semimetals (TSMs) including Weyl semimetals and nodal-line semimetals are expected to open the next frontier of condensed matter and materials science. Although the first inversion breaking Weyl semimetal was recently discovered in TaAs, its magnetic counterparts, i.e., the time-reversal breaking Weyl and nodal line semimetals, remain elusive. They are predicted to exhibit exotic properties distinct from the inversion breaking TSMs including TaAs. In this paper, we identify the magnetic topological semimetal states in the ferromagnetic half-metal compounds Co 2TiX (X = Si, Ge, or Sn) with Curie temperatures higher than 350 K. Our first-principles band structure calculations show that, in the absence of spin-orbit coupling, Co 2TiX features three topological nodal lines. The inclusion of spin-orbit coupling gives rise to Weyl nodes, whose momentum space locations can be controlled as a function of the magnetization direction. Lastly, our results not only open the door for the experimental realization of topological semimetal states in magnetic materials at room temperature, but also suggest potential applications such as unusual anomalous Hall effect in engineered monolayers of the Co 2TiX compounds at high temperature.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2]
  1. National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
  2. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1361395
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-05ER46200
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; electronic properties and materials; topological insulators

Citation Formats

Chang, Guoqing, Xu, Su -Yang, Zheng, Hao, Singh, Bahadur, Hsu, Chuang -Han, Bian, Guang, Alidoust, Nasser, Belopolski, Ilya, Sanchez, Daniel S., Zhang, Songtian, Lin, Hsin, and Hasan, M. Zahid. Room-temperature magnetic topological Weyl fermion and nodal line semimetal states in half-metallic Heusler Co2TiX (X=Si, Ge, or Sn). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/srep38839.
Chang, Guoqing, Xu, Su -Yang, Zheng, Hao, Singh, Bahadur, Hsu, Chuang -Han, Bian, Guang, Alidoust, Nasser, Belopolski, Ilya, Sanchez, Daniel S., Zhang, Songtian, Lin, Hsin, & Hasan, M. Zahid. Room-temperature magnetic topological Weyl fermion and nodal line semimetal states in half-metallic Heusler Co2TiX (X=Si, Ge, or Sn). United States. doi:10.1038/srep38839.
Chang, Guoqing, Xu, Su -Yang, Zheng, Hao, Singh, Bahadur, Hsu, Chuang -Han, Bian, Guang, Alidoust, Nasser, Belopolski, Ilya, Sanchez, Daniel S., Zhang, Songtian, Lin, Hsin, and Hasan, M. Zahid. Thu . "Room-temperature magnetic topological Weyl fermion and nodal line semimetal states in half-metallic Heusler Co2TiX (X=Si, Ge, or Sn)". United States. doi:10.1038/srep38839. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1361395.
@article{osti_1361395,
title = {Room-temperature magnetic topological Weyl fermion and nodal line semimetal states in half-metallic Heusler Co2TiX (X=Si, Ge, or Sn)},
author = {Chang, Guoqing and Xu, Su -Yang and Zheng, Hao and Singh, Bahadur and Hsu, Chuang -Han and Bian, Guang and Alidoust, Nasser and Belopolski, Ilya and Sanchez, Daniel S. and Zhang, Songtian and Lin, Hsin and Hasan, M. Zahid},
abstractNote = {Topological semimetals (TSMs) including Weyl semimetals and nodal-line semimetals are expected to open the next frontier of condensed matter and materials science. Although the first inversion breaking Weyl semimetal was recently discovered in TaAs, its magnetic counterparts, i.e., the time-reversal breaking Weyl and nodal line semimetals, remain elusive. They are predicted to exhibit exotic properties distinct from the inversion breaking TSMs including TaAs. In this paper, we identify the magnetic topological semimetal states in the ferromagnetic half-metal compounds Co2TiX (X = Si, Ge, or Sn) with Curie temperatures higher than 350 K. Our first-principles band structure calculations show that, in the absence of spin-orbit coupling, Co2TiX features three topological nodal lines. The inclusion of spin-orbit coupling gives rise to Weyl nodes, whose momentum space locations can be controlled as a function of the magnetization direction. Lastly, our results not only open the door for the experimental realization of topological semimetal states in magnetic materials at room temperature, but also suggest potential applications such as unusual anomalous Hall effect in engineered monolayers of the Co2TiX compounds at high temperature.},
doi = {10.1038/srep38839},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

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