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Title: Additive manufactured bipolar plate for high-efficiency hydrogen production in proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) technology is capable of fast and low-cost prototyping from complex 3D digital models. To take advantage of this technology, a stainless steel (SS) plate with parallel flow field served as a combination of a cathode bipolar plate and a current distributor; it was fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM) techniques and investigated in a proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cell (PEMEC) in-situ for the first time. The experimental results show that the PEMEC with an AM SS cathode bipolar plate can achieve an excellent performance for hydrogen production for a voltage of 1.779 V and a current density of 2.0 A/cm2. The AM SS cathode bipolar plate was also characterized by SEM and EDS, and the results show a uniform elemental distribution across the plate with very limited oxidization. Finally, this research demonstrates that AM method could be a route to aid cost-effective and rapid development of PEMECs.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Energy Efficiency Office. Advanced Manufacturing Office
OSTI Identifier:
1361233
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396509; OSTI ID: 1615831
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-4A00-68481
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC05-00OR22725; FE0011585
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; additive manufacturing; bipolar plate; PEM electrolyzer cell; hydrogen production; stainless steel; selective laser melting

Citation Formats

Yang, Gaoqiang, Mo, Jingke, Kang, Zhenye, List, III, Frederick A., Green, Jr., Johney B., Babu, Sudarsanam S., and Zhang, Feng -Yuan. Additive manufactured bipolar plate for high-efficiency hydrogen production in proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.100.
Yang, Gaoqiang, Mo, Jingke, Kang, Zhenye, List, III, Frederick A., Green, Jr., Johney B., Babu, Sudarsanam S., & Zhang, Feng -Yuan. Additive manufactured bipolar plate for high-efficiency hydrogen production in proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.100.
Yang, Gaoqiang, Mo, Jingke, Kang, Zhenye, List, III, Frederick A., Green, Jr., Johney B., Babu, Sudarsanam S., and Zhang, Feng -Yuan. Sat . "Additive manufactured bipolar plate for high-efficiency hydrogen production in proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.100. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1361233.
@article{osti_1361233,
title = {Additive manufactured bipolar plate for high-efficiency hydrogen production in proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells},
author = {Yang, Gaoqiang and Mo, Jingke and Kang, Zhenye and List, III, Frederick A. and Green, Jr., Johney B. and Babu, Sudarsanam S. and Zhang, Feng -Yuan},
abstractNote = {Additive manufacturing (AM) technology is capable of fast and low-cost prototyping from complex 3D digital models. To take advantage of this technology, a stainless steel (SS) plate with parallel flow field served as a combination of a cathode bipolar plate and a current distributor; it was fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM) techniques and investigated in a proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cell (PEMEC) in-situ for the first time. The experimental results show that the PEMEC with an AM SS cathode bipolar plate can achieve an excellent performance for hydrogen production for a voltage of 1.779 V and a current density of 2.0 A/cm2. The AM SS cathode bipolar plate was also characterized by SEM and EDS, and the results show a uniform elemental distribution across the plate with very limited oxidization. Finally, this research demonstrates that AM method could be a route to aid cost-effective and rapid development of PEMECs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.100},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
number = 21,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Corrosion of metallic materials fabricated by selective laser melting
journal, June 2019


In situ investigation on ultrafast oxygen evolution reactions of water splitting in proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells
journal, January 2017

  • Mo, Jingke; Kang, Zhenye; Yang, Gaoqiang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta05681h

Analytical electrolyzer enabling operando characterization of flow plates
journal, July 2019

  • Wheeler, Danika G.; Virca, Carolyn N.; Berlinguette, Curtis P.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5053600