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Title: Synthesis and characterization of attosecond light vortices in the extreme ultraviolet

Infrared and visible light beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) are currently thoroughly studied for their extremely broad applicative prospects, among which are quantum information, micromachining and diagnostic tools. Here we extend these prospects, presenting a comprehensive study for the synthesis and full characterization of optical vortices carrying OAM in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) domain. We confirm the upconversion rules of a femtosecond infrared helically phased beam into its high-order harmonics, showing that each harmonic order carries the total number of OAM units absorbed in the process up to very high orders (57). This allows us to synthesize and characterize helically shaped XUV trains of attosecond pulses. To demonstrate a typical use of these new XUV light beams, we show our ability to generate and control, through photoionization, attosecond electron beams carrying OAM. Furthermore, these breakthroughs pave the route for the study of a series of fundamental phenomena and the development of new ultrafast diagnosis tools using either photonic or electronic vortices.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  2. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  3. Sorbonne Univ., Paris (France)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-04ER15614
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; atomic and molecular interactions with photons; attosecond science; high-harmonic generation
OSTI Identifier:
1361211