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Title: Signal yields, energy resolution, and recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon

This study presents an analysis of monoenergetic electronic recoil peaks in the dark-matter-search and calibration data from the first underground science run of the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) detector. Liquid xenon charge and light yields for electronic recoil energies between 5.2 and 661.7 keV are measured, as well as the energy resolution for the LUX detector at those same energies. Additionally, there is an interpretation of existing measurements and descriptions of electron-ion recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon as limiting cases of a more general liquid xenon recombination fluctuation model. Measurements of the standard deviation of these fluctuations at monoenergetic electronic recoil peaks exhibit a linear dependence on the number of ions for energy deposits up to 661.7 keV, consistent with previous LUX measurements between 2 and 16 keV with 3H. We highlight similarities in liquid xenon recombination for electronic and nuclear recoils with a comparison of recombination fluctuations measured with low-energy calibration data.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231; AC05-06OR23100; AC52-07NA27344; FG01-91ER40618; FG02-08ER41549; FG02-11ER41738; FG02-91ER40674; FG02-91ER40688; FG02-95ER40917; NA0000979; SC0006605; SC0010010; SC0015535; PHY-0750671; PHY-0801536; PHY-1003660; PHY-1004661; PHY-1102470; PHY-1312561; PHY-1347449; PHY-1505868; PHY-1636738; PTDC/FIS-NUC/1525/2014; IE120804; ST/K502042/1; ST/K502406/1; ST/M503538/1; NA0003180
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
LUX Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1361135
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1341298; OSTI ID: 1407964; OSTI ID: 1436619

Akerib, D. ?S., Alsum, S., Ara?jo, H. ?M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. ?J., Balajthy, J., Beltrame, P., Bernard, E. ?P., Bernstein, A., Biesiadzinski, T. ?P., Boulton, E. ?M., Bramante, R., Br?s, P., Byram, D., Cahn, S. ?B., Carmona-Benitez, M. ?C., Chan, C., Chiller, A. ?A., Chiller, C., Currie, A., Cutter, J. ?E., Davison, T. ?J. ?R., Dobi, A., Dobson, J. ?E. ?Y., Druszkiewicz, E., Edwards, B. ?N., Faham, C. ?H., Fiorucci, S., Gaitskell, R. ?J., Gehman, V. ?M., Ghag, C., Gibson, K. ?R., Gilchriese, M. ?G. ?D., Hall, C. ?R., Hanhardt, M., Haselschwardt, S. ?J., Hertel, S. ?A., Hogan, D. ?P., Horn, M., Huang, D. ?Q., Ignarra, C. ?M., Ihm, M., Jacobsen, R. ?G., Ji, W., Kamdin, K., Kazkaz, K., Khaitan, D., Knoche, R., Larsen, N. ?A., Lee, C., Lenardo, B. ?G., Lesko, K. ?T., Lindote, A., Lopes, M. ?I., Manalaysay, A., Mannino, R. ?L., Marzioni, M. ?F., McKinsey, D. ?N., Mei, D. -M., Mock, J., Moongweluwan, M., Morad, J. ?A., Murphy, A. St. J., Nehrkorn, C., Nelson, H. ?N., Neves, F., O?Sullivan, K., Oliver-Mallory, K. ?C., Palladino, K. ?J., Pease, E. ?K., Phelps, P., Reichhart, L., Rhyne, C., Shaw, S., Shutt, T. ?A., Silva, C., Solmaz, M., Solovov, V. ?N., Sorensen, P., Stephenson, S., Sumner, T. ?J., Szydagis, M., Taylor, D. ?J., Taylor, W. ?C., Tennyson, B. ?P., Terman, P. ?A., Tiedt, D. ?R., To, W. ?H., Tripathi, M., Tvrznikova, L., Uvarov, S., Verbus, J. ?R., Webb, R. ?C., White, J. ?T., Whitis, T. ?J., Witherell, M. ?S., Wolfs, F. ?L. ?H., Xu, J., Yazdani, K., Young, S. ?K., and Zhang, C.. Signal yields, energy resolution, and recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.012008.
Akerib, D. ?S., Alsum, S., Ara?jo, H. ?M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. ?J., Balajthy, J., Beltrame, P., Bernard, E. ?P., Bernstein, A., Biesiadzinski, T. ?P., Boulton, E. ?M., Bramante, R., Br?s, P., Byram, D., Cahn, S. ?B., Carmona-Benitez, M. ?C., Chan, C., Chiller, A. ?A., Chiller, C., Currie, A., Cutter, J. ?E., Davison, T. ?J. ?R., Dobi, A., Dobson, J. ?E. ?Y., Druszkiewicz, E., Edwards, B. ?N., Faham, C. ?H., Fiorucci, S., Gaitskell, R. ?J., Gehman, V. ?M., Ghag, C., Gibson, K. ?R., Gilchriese, M. ?G. ?D., Hall, C. ?R., Hanhardt, M., Haselschwardt, S. ?J., Hertel, S. ?A., Hogan, D. ?P., Horn, M., Huang, D. ?Q., Ignarra, C. ?M., Ihm, M., Jacobsen, R. ?G., Ji, W., Kamdin, K., Kazkaz, K., Khaitan, D., Knoche, R., Larsen, N. ?A., Lee, C., Lenardo, B. ?G., Lesko, K. ?T., Lindote, A., Lopes, M. ?I., Manalaysay, A., Mannino, R. ?L., Marzioni, M. ?F., McKinsey, D. ?N., Mei, D. -M., Mock, J., Moongweluwan, M., Morad, J. ?A., Murphy, A. St. J., Nehrkorn, C., Nelson, H. ?N., Neves, F., O?Sullivan, K., Oliver-Mallory, K. ?C., Palladino, K. ?J., Pease, E. ?K., Phelps, P., Reichhart, L., Rhyne, C., Shaw, S., Shutt, T. ?A., Silva, C., Solmaz, M., Solovov, V. ?N., Sorensen, P., Stephenson, S., Sumner, T. ?J., Szydagis, M., Taylor, D. ?J., Taylor, W. ?C., Tennyson, B. ?P., Terman, P. ?A., Tiedt, D. ?R., To, W. ?H., Tripathi, M., Tvrznikova, L., Uvarov, S., Verbus, J. ?R., Webb, R. ?C., White, J. ?T., Whitis, T. ?J., Witherell, M. ?S., Wolfs, F. ?L. ?H., Xu, J., Yazdani, K., Young, S. ?K., & Zhang, C.. Signal yields, energy resolution, and recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.012008.
Akerib, D. ?S., Alsum, S., Ara?jo, H. ?M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. ?J., Balajthy, J., Beltrame, P., Bernard, E. ?P., Bernstein, A., Biesiadzinski, T. ?P., Boulton, E. ?M., Bramante, R., Br?s, P., Byram, D., Cahn, S. ?B., Carmona-Benitez, M. ?C., Chan, C., Chiller, A. ?A., Chiller, C., Currie, A., Cutter, J. ?E., Davison, T. ?J. ?R., Dobi, A., Dobson, J. ?E. ?Y., Druszkiewicz, E., Edwards, B. ?N., Faham, C. ?H., Fiorucci, S., Gaitskell, R. ?J., Gehman, V. ?M., Ghag, C., Gibson, K. ?R., Gilchriese, M. ?G. ?D., Hall, C. ?R., Hanhardt, M., Haselschwardt, S. ?J., Hertel, S. ?A., Hogan, D. ?P., Horn, M., Huang, D. ?Q., Ignarra, C. ?M., Ihm, M., Jacobsen, R. ?G., Ji, W., Kamdin, K., Kazkaz, K., Khaitan, D., Knoche, R., Larsen, N. ?A., Lee, C., Lenardo, B. ?G., Lesko, K. ?T., Lindote, A., Lopes, M. ?I., Manalaysay, A., Mannino, R. ?L., Marzioni, M. ?F., McKinsey, D. ?N., Mei, D. -M., Mock, J., Moongweluwan, M., Morad, J. ?A., Murphy, A. St. J., Nehrkorn, C., Nelson, H. ?N., Neves, F., O?Sullivan, K., Oliver-Mallory, K. ?C., Palladino, K. ?J., Pease, E. ?K., Phelps, P., Reichhart, L., Rhyne, C., Shaw, S., Shutt, T. ?A., Silva, C., Solmaz, M., Solovov, V. ?N., Sorensen, P., Stephenson, S., Sumner, T. ?J., Szydagis, M., Taylor, D. ?J., Taylor, W. ?C., Tennyson, B. ?P., Terman, P. ?A., Tiedt, D. ?R., To, W. ?H., Tripathi, M., Tvrznikova, L., Uvarov, S., Verbus, J. ?R., Webb, R. ?C., White, J. ?T., Whitis, T. ?J., Witherell, M. ?S., Wolfs, F. ?L. ?H., Xu, J., Yazdani, K., Young, S. ?K., and Zhang, C.. 2017. "Signal yields, energy resolution, and recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.012008. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1361135.
@article{osti_1361135,
title = {Signal yields, energy resolution, and recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon},
author = {Akerib, D. ?S. and Alsum, S. and Ara?jo, H. ?M. and Bai, X. and Bailey, A. ?J. and Balajthy, J. and Beltrame, P. and Bernard, E. ?P. and Bernstein, A. and Biesiadzinski, T. ?P. and Boulton, E. ?M. and Bramante, R. and Br?s, P. and Byram, D. and Cahn, S. ?B. and Carmona-Benitez, M. ?C. and Chan, C. and Chiller, A. ?A. and Chiller, C. and Currie, A. and Cutter, J. ?E. and Davison, T. ?J. ?R. and Dobi, A. and Dobson, J. ?E. ?Y. and Druszkiewicz, E. and Edwards, B. ?N. and Faham, C. ?H. and Fiorucci, S. and Gaitskell, R. ?J. and Gehman, V. ?M. and Ghag, C. and Gibson, K. ?R. and Gilchriese, M. ?G. ?D. and Hall, C. ?R. and Hanhardt, M. and Haselschwardt, S. ?J. and Hertel, S. ?A. and Hogan, D. ?P. and Horn, M. and Huang, D. ?Q. and Ignarra, C. ?M. and Ihm, M. and Jacobsen, R. ?G. and Ji, W. and Kamdin, K. and Kazkaz, K. and Khaitan, D. and Knoche, R. and Larsen, N. ?A. and Lee, C. and Lenardo, B. ?G. and Lesko, K. ?T. and Lindote, A. and Lopes, M. ?I. and Manalaysay, A. and Mannino, R. ?L. and Marzioni, M. ?F. and McKinsey, D. ?N. and Mei, D. -M. and Mock, J. and Moongweluwan, M. and Morad, J. ?A. and Murphy, A. St. J. and Nehrkorn, C. and Nelson, H. ?N. and Neves, F. and O?Sullivan, K. and Oliver-Mallory, K. ?C. and Palladino, K. ?J. and Pease, E. ?K. and Phelps, P. and Reichhart, L. and Rhyne, C. and Shaw, S. and Shutt, T. ?A. and Silva, C. and Solmaz, M. and Solovov, V. ?N. and Sorensen, P. and Stephenson, S. and Sumner, T. ?J. and Szydagis, M. and Taylor, D. ?J. and Taylor, W. ?C. and Tennyson, B. ?P. and Terman, P. ?A. and Tiedt, D. ?R. and To, W. ?H. and Tripathi, M. and Tvrznikova, L. and Uvarov, S. and Verbus, J. ?R. and Webb, R. ?C. and White, J. ?T. and Whitis, T. ?J. and Witherell, M. ?S. and Wolfs, F. ?L. ?H. and Xu, J. and Yazdani, K. and Young, S. ?K. and Zhang, C.},
abstractNote = {This study presents an analysis of monoenergetic electronic recoil peaks in the dark-matter-search and calibration data from the first underground science run of the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) detector. Liquid xenon charge and light yields for electronic recoil energies between 5.2 and 661.7 keV are measured, as well as the energy resolution for the LUX detector at those same energies. Additionally, there is an interpretation of existing measurements and descriptions of electron-ion recombination fluctuations in liquid xenon as limiting cases of a more general liquid xenon recombination fluctuation model. Measurements of the standard deviation of these fluctuations at monoenergetic electronic recoil peaks exhibit a linear dependence on the number of ions for energy deposits up to 661.7 keV, consistent with previous LUX measurements between 2 and 16 keV with 3H. We highlight similarities in liquid xenon recombination for electronic and nuclear recoils with a comparison of recombination fluctuations measured with low-energy calibration data.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.95.012008},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 1,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}