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Title: Impeded Dark Matter

Here, we consider dark matter models in which the mass splitting between the dark matter particles and their annihilation products is tiny. Compared to the previously proposed Forbidden Dark Matter scenario, the mass splittings we consider are much smaller, and are allowed to be either positive or negative. To emphasize this modification, we dub our scenario \Impeded Dark Matter". We also demonstrate that Impeded Dark Matter can be easily realized without requiring tuning of model parameters. For negative mass splitting, we demonstrate that the annihilation cross-section for Impeded Dark Matter depends linearly on the dark matter velocity or may even be kinematically forbidden, making this scenario almost insensitive to constraints from the cosmic microwave background and from observations of dwarf galaxies. Accordingly, it may be possible for Impeded Dark Matter to yield observable signals in clusters or the Galactic center, with no corresponding signal in dwarfs. Furthermore, for positive mass splitting, we show that the annihilation cross-section is suppressed by the small mass splitting, which helps light dark matter to survive increasingly stringent constraints from indirect searches. As specific realizations for Impeded Dark Matter, we introduce a model of vector dark matter from a hidden SU(2) sector, and a compositemore » dark matter scenario based on a QCD-like dark sector.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Johannes Gutenberg Univ., Mainz (Germany). PRISMA Cluster of Excellence and Mainz Inst. for Theoretical Physics
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0013999; KO 4820/1–1
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; European Research Council (ERC); German Research Foundation (DFG)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Beyond Standard Model; Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM
OSTI Identifier:
1360730
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1364373

Kopp, Joachim, Liu, Jia, Slatyer, Tracy, Wang, Xiao-Ping, and Xue, Wei. Impeded Dark Matter. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP12(2016)033.
Kopp, Joachim, Liu, Jia, Slatyer, Tracy, Wang, Xiao-Ping, & Xue, Wei. Impeded Dark Matter. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP12(2016)033.
Kopp, Joachim, Liu, Jia, Slatyer, Tracy, Wang, Xiao-Ping, and Xue, Wei. 2016. "Impeded Dark Matter". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP12(2016)033. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360730.
@article{osti_1360730,
title = {Impeded Dark Matter},
author = {Kopp, Joachim and Liu, Jia and Slatyer, Tracy and Wang, Xiao-Ping and Xue, Wei},
abstractNote = {Here, we consider dark matter models in which the mass splitting between the dark matter particles and their annihilation products is tiny. Compared to the previously proposed Forbidden Dark Matter scenario, the mass splittings we consider are much smaller, and are allowed to be either positive or negative. To emphasize this modification, we dub our scenario \Impeded Dark Matter". We also demonstrate that Impeded Dark Matter can be easily realized without requiring tuning of model parameters. For negative mass splitting, we demonstrate that the annihilation cross-section for Impeded Dark Matter depends linearly on the dark matter velocity or may even be kinematically forbidden, making this scenario almost insensitive to constraints from the cosmic microwave background and from observations of dwarf galaxies. Accordingly, it may be possible for Impeded Dark Matter to yield observable signals in clusters or the Galactic center, with no corresponding signal in dwarfs. Furthermore, for positive mass splitting, we show that the annihilation cross-section is suppressed by the small mass splitting, which helps light dark matter to survive increasingly stringent constraints from indirect searches. As specific realizations for Impeded Dark Matter, we introduce a model of vector dark matter from a hidden SU(2) sector, and a composite dark matter scenario based on a QCD-like dark sector.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP12(2016)033},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 12,
volume = 2016,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}