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Title: Combination of Cation Exchange and Quantized Ostwald Ripening for Controlling Size Distribution of Lead Chalcogenide Quantum Dots

A new strategy for narrowing the size distribution of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) was developed by combining cation exchange and quantized Ostwald ripening. Medium-sized reactant CdS(e) QDs were subjected to cation exchange to form the target PbS(e) QDs, and then small reactant CdS(e) QDs were added which were converted to small PbS(e) dots via cation exchange. The small-sized ensemble of PbS(e) QDs dissolved completely rapidly and released a large amount of monomers, promoting the growth and size-focusing of the medium-sized ensemble of PbS(e) QDs. The addition of small reactant QDs can be repeated to continuously reduce the size distribution. The new method was applied to synthesize PbSe and PbS QDs with extremely narrow size distributions and as a bonus they have hybrid surface passivation. In conclusion, the size distribution of prepared PbSe and PbS QDs are as low as 3.6% and 4.3%, respectively, leading to hexagonal close packing in monolayer and highly ordered three-dimensional superlattice.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Hubei (China)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Hubei (China); Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Guangdong (China)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-67789
Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; quantum dot surface chemistry; quantum dots; PbS; PbSe; quantum dot synthesis
OSTI Identifier:
1360666

Zhang, Changwang, Xia, Yong, Zhang, Zhiming, Huang, Zhen, Lian, Linyuan, Miao, Xiangshui, Zhang, Daoli, Beard, Matthew C., and Zhang, Jianbing. Combination of Cation Exchange and Quantized Ostwald Ripening for Controlling Size Distribution of Lead Chalcogenide Quantum Dots. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00411.
Zhang, Changwang, Xia, Yong, Zhang, Zhiming, Huang, Zhen, Lian, Linyuan, Miao, Xiangshui, Zhang, Daoli, Beard, Matthew C., & Zhang, Jianbing. Combination of Cation Exchange and Quantized Ostwald Ripening for Controlling Size Distribution of Lead Chalcogenide Quantum Dots. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00411.
Zhang, Changwang, Xia, Yong, Zhang, Zhiming, Huang, Zhen, Lian, Linyuan, Miao, Xiangshui, Zhang, Daoli, Beard, Matthew C., and Zhang, Jianbing. 2017. "Combination of Cation Exchange and Quantized Ostwald Ripening for Controlling Size Distribution of Lead Chalcogenide Quantum Dots". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00411. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360666.
@article{osti_1360666,
title = {Combination of Cation Exchange and Quantized Ostwald Ripening for Controlling Size Distribution of Lead Chalcogenide Quantum Dots},
author = {Zhang, Changwang and Xia, Yong and Zhang, Zhiming and Huang, Zhen and Lian, Linyuan and Miao, Xiangshui and Zhang, Daoli and Beard, Matthew C. and Zhang, Jianbing},
abstractNote = {A new strategy for narrowing the size distribution of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) was developed by combining cation exchange and quantized Ostwald ripening. Medium-sized reactant CdS(e) QDs were subjected to cation exchange to form the target PbS(e) QDs, and then small reactant CdS(e) QDs were added which were converted to small PbS(e) dots via cation exchange. The small-sized ensemble of PbS(e) QDs dissolved completely rapidly and released a large amount of monomers, promoting the growth and size-focusing of the medium-sized ensemble of PbS(e) QDs. The addition of small reactant QDs can be repeated to continuously reduce the size distribution. The new method was applied to synthesize PbSe and PbS QDs with extremely narrow size distributions and as a bonus they have hybrid surface passivation. In conclusion, the size distribution of prepared PbSe and PbS QDs are as low as 3.6% and 4.3%, respectively, leading to hexagonal close packing in monolayer and highly ordered three-dimensional superlattice.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00411},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = 8,
volume = 29,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}