skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: 2D materials advances: from large scale synthesis and controlled heterostructures to improved characterization techniques, defects and applications

The rise of two-dimensional (2D) materials research took place following the isolation of graphene in 2004. These new 2D materials include transition metal dichalcogenides, mono-elemental 2D sheets, and several carbide- and nitride-based materials. The number of publications related to these emerging materials has been drastically increasing over the last five years. Thus, through this comprehensive review, we aim to discuss the most recent groundbreaking discoveries as well as emerging opportunities and remaining challenges. This review starts out by delving into the improved methods of producing these new 2D materials via controlled exfoliation, metal organic chemical vapor deposition, and wet chemical means. Here we look into recent studies of doping as well as the optical properties of 2D materials and their heterostructures. Recent advances towards applications of these materials in 2D electronics are also reviewed, and include the tunnel MOSFET and ways to reduce the contact resistance for fabricating high-quality devices. Finally, several unique and innovative applications recently explored are discussed as well as perspectives of this exciting and fast moving field.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [12] ;  [13] ;  [14] ;  [15] ;  [16] more »;  [3] ;  [17] ;  [18] ;  [19] ;  [20] « less
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Physics; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for 2-Dimensional and Layered Materials
  2. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for 2-Dimensional and Layered Materials; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Materials Sciences and Engineering
  3. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for 2-Dimensional and Layered Materials; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Chemistry
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science (CNMS)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry
  6. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES)
  7. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering
  8. Univ. of Regensburg (Germany). Inst. fur Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik; Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics and Electrical Engineering
  9. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  10. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  11. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  12. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Physics
  13. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  14. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  15. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Inst. of Molecular Engineering
  16. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  17. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  18. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept of Chemistry
  19. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for 2-Dimensional and Layered Materials; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Materials Sciences and Engineering; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for Atomically Thin Multifunctional Coatings (ATOMIC)
  20. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Physics; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for 2-Dimensional and Layered Materials; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Materials Sciences and Engineering; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Chemistry; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Center for Atomically Thin Multifunctional Coatings (ATOMIC)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
2D Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2053-1583
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1360213
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1468337

Lin, Zhong, McCreary, Amber, Briggs, Natalie, Subramanian, Shruti, Zhang, Kehao, Sun, Yifan, Li, Xufan, Borys, Nicholas J., Yuan, Hongtao, Fullerton-Shirey, Susan K., Chernikov, Alexey, Zhao, Hui, McDonnell, Stephen, Lindenberg, Aaron M., Xiao, Kai, LeRoy, Brian J., Drndić, Marija, Hwang, James C. M., Park, Jiwoong, Chhowalla, Manish, Schaak, Raymond E., Javey, Ali, Hersam, Mark C., Robinson, Joshua, and Terrones, Mauricio. 2D materials advances: from large scale synthesis and controlled heterostructures to improved characterization techniques, defects and applications. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/3/4/042001.
Lin, Zhong, McCreary, Amber, Briggs, Natalie, Subramanian, Shruti, Zhang, Kehao, Sun, Yifan, Li, Xufan, Borys, Nicholas J., Yuan, Hongtao, Fullerton-Shirey, Susan K., Chernikov, Alexey, Zhao, Hui, McDonnell, Stephen, Lindenberg, Aaron M., Xiao, Kai, LeRoy, Brian J., Drndić, Marija, Hwang, James C. M., Park, Jiwoong, Chhowalla, Manish, Schaak, Raymond E., Javey, Ali, Hersam, Mark C., Robinson, Joshua, & Terrones, Mauricio. 2D materials advances: from large scale synthesis and controlled heterostructures to improved characterization techniques, defects and applications. United States. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/3/4/042001.
Lin, Zhong, McCreary, Amber, Briggs, Natalie, Subramanian, Shruti, Zhang, Kehao, Sun, Yifan, Li, Xufan, Borys, Nicholas J., Yuan, Hongtao, Fullerton-Shirey, Susan K., Chernikov, Alexey, Zhao, Hui, McDonnell, Stephen, Lindenberg, Aaron M., Xiao, Kai, LeRoy, Brian J., Drndić, Marija, Hwang, James C. M., Park, Jiwoong, Chhowalla, Manish, Schaak, Raymond E., Javey, Ali, Hersam, Mark C., Robinson, Joshua, and Terrones, Mauricio. 2016. "2D materials advances: from large scale synthesis and controlled heterostructures to improved characterization techniques, defects and applications". United States. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/3/4/042001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360213.
@article{osti_1360213,
title = {2D materials advances: from large scale synthesis and controlled heterostructures to improved characterization techniques, defects and applications},
author = {Lin, Zhong and McCreary, Amber and Briggs, Natalie and Subramanian, Shruti and Zhang, Kehao and Sun, Yifan and Li, Xufan and Borys, Nicholas J. and Yuan, Hongtao and Fullerton-Shirey, Susan K. and Chernikov, Alexey and Zhao, Hui and McDonnell, Stephen and Lindenberg, Aaron M. and Xiao, Kai and LeRoy, Brian J. and Drndić, Marija and Hwang, James C. M. and Park, Jiwoong and Chhowalla, Manish and Schaak, Raymond E. and Javey, Ali and Hersam, Mark C. and Robinson, Joshua and Terrones, Mauricio},
abstractNote = {The rise of two-dimensional (2D) materials research took place following the isolation of graphene in 2004. These new 2D materials include transition metal dichalcogenides, mono-elemental 2D sheets, and several carbide- and nitride-based materials. The number of publications related to these emerging materials has been drastically increasing over the last five years. Thus, through this comprehensive review, we aim to discuss the most recent groundbreaking discoveries as well as emerging opportunities and remaining challenges. This review starts out by delving into the improved methods of producing these new 2D materials via controlled exfoliation, metal organic chemical vapor deposition, and wet chemical means. Here we look into recent studies of doping as well as the optical properties of 2D materials and their heterostructures. Recent advances towards applications of these materials in 2D electronics are also reviewed, and include the tunnel MOSFET and ways to reduce the contact resistance for fabricating high-quality devices. Finally, several unique and innovative applications recently explored are discussed as well as perspectives of this exciting and fast moving field.},
doi = {10.1088/2053-1583/3/4/042001},
journal = {2D Materials},
number = 4,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}