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Title: Measuring the complex optical conductivity of graphene by Fabry-Pérot reflectance spectroscopy [Determination of the optical index for few-layer graphene by reflectivity spectroscopy]

Here, we have experimentally studied the optical refractive index of few-layer graphene through reflection spectroscopy at visible wavelengths. A laser scanning microscope (LSM) with a coherent supercontinuum laser source measured the reflectivity of an exfoliated graphene flake on a Si/SiO 2 substrate, containing monolayer, bilayer and trilayer areas, as the wavelength of the laser was varied from 545nm to 710nm. The complex refractive index of few-layer graphene, n-ik, was extracted from the reflectivity contrast to the bare substrate and the Fresnel reflection theory. Since the SiO 2 thickness enters to the modeling as a parameter, it was precisely measured at the location of the sample. It was found that a common constant optical index cannot explain the wavelength-dependent reflectivity data for single-, double- and three-layer graphene simultaneously, but rather each individual few-layer graphene possesses a unique optical index whose complex values were precisely and accurately determined from the experimental data.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012036
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; graphene; optical refractive index; reflectivity contrast; laser scanning spectroscopy; condensed-matter physics; optical materials and structures
OSTI Identifier:
1360135