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Title: Using geographic information science to evaluate legal restrictions on freight transportation routing in disruptive scenarios

Disasters have consequences and freight transportation is not immune from the effects of such disruptions. In the aftermath of disasters, planners and policymakers have to utilize scarce resources and work within legal frameworks to provide recovery for affected citizens and business. As seen with Hurricane Sandy, various observers noted the challenge with freight rerouting due to inoperable infrastructure and legal barriers involved with intermodal freight transportation. This paper focuses on how Geographic Information Systems (GIS); specifically WebTRAGIS (Transportation Routing Analysis GIS), a transportation routing platform developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, can be used to evaluate different routing options for freight transportation. In the case of freight transportation, the Merchant Marine Act of 1920 (also known as the Jones Act) restricts Short Sea Shipping (SSS) between coastwise points within U.S. territorial waters. This restriction leads to reliance on land-side modes for handling increased freight resulting from cargo diversion. Using Hurricane Sandy and the closure of the Port of New York/New Jersey as a case study, different modal studies were conducted; ultimately highlighting the various routes and provides insight into potential review of modal restrictions such as the Jones Act.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States). School of Public and International Affairs
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Industrial and Systems Engineering
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1874-5482
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; Freight Transportation; Predictive Routing Analysis; WebTRAGIS; Short Sea Shipping; Hurricane Sandy; Merchant Marine Act of 1920
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418703