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Title: Replicating the Z iron opacity experiments on the NIF

Here, X-ray opacity is a crucial factor of all radiation-hydrodynamics calculations, yet it is one of the least validated of the material properties in the simulation codes. Recent opacity experiments at the Sandia Z-machine have shown up to factors of two discrepancies between theory and experiment, casting doubt on the validity of the opacity models. Therefore, a new experimental opacity platform is being developed on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) not only to verify the Z-machine experimental results but also to extend the experiments to other temperatures and densities. The first experiments will be directed towards measuring the opacity of iron at a temperature of ~160 eV and an electron density of ~7 x 10 21 cm -3. Preliminary experiments on NIF have demonstrated the ability to create a sufficiently bright point backlighter using an imploding plastic capsule and also a hohlraum that can heat the opacity sample to the desired conditions. The first of these iron opacity experiments is expected to be performed in 2017.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] more »;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [5] « less
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. National Security Technologies, LLC, Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Rochester Lab. for Laser Energetics, Rochester, NY (United States)
  5. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-CONF-731466
Journal ID: ISSN 1574-1818; PII: S1574181817300459
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
High Energy Density Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: C; Conference: Radiative Properties of Hot Dense Matter 2016, Santa Barbara, CA (United States), 5-9 Dec 2016; Journal ID: ISSN 1574-1818
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; Opacity; Solar interior; Radiation hydrodynamics
OSTI Identifier:
1358308
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397496

Perry, T. S., Heeter, R. F., Opachich, Y. P., Ross, P. W., Kline, J. L., Flippo, K. A., Sherrill, M. E., Dodd, E. S., DeVolder, B. G., Cardenas, T., Archuleta, T. N., Craxton, R. S., Zhang, R., McKenty, P. W., Garcia, E. M., Huffman, E. J., King, J. A., Ahmed, M. F., Emig, J. A., Ayers, S. L., Barrios, M. A., May, M. J., Schneider, M. B., Liedahl, D. A., Wilson, B. G., Urbatsch, T. J., Iglesias, C. A., Bailey, J. E., and Rochau, G. A.. Replicating the Z iron opacity experiments on the NIF. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2017.05.006.
Perry, T. S., Heeter, R. F., Opachich, Y. P., Ross, P. W., Kline, J. L., Flippo, K. A., Sherrill, M. E., Dodd, E. S., DeVolder, B. G., Cardenas, T., Archuleta, T. N., Craxton, R. S., Zhang, R., McKenty, P. W., Garcia, E. M., Huffman, E. J., King, J. A., Ahmed, M. F., Emig, J. A., Ayers, S. L., Barrios, M. A., May, M. J., Schneider, M. B., Liedahl, D. A., Wilson, B. G., Urbatsch, T. J., Iglesias, C. A., Bailey, J. E., & Rochau, G. A.. Replicating the Z iron opacity experiments on the NIF. United States. doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2017.05.006.
Perry, T. S., Heeter, R. F., Opachich, Y. P., Ross, P. W., Kline, J. L., Flippo, K. A., Sherrill, M. E., Dodd, E. S., DeVolder, B. G., Cardenas, T., Archuleta, T. N., Craxton, R. S., Zhang, R., McKenty, P. W., Garcia, E. M., Huffman, E. J., King, J. A., Ahmed, M. F., Emig, J. A., Ayers, S. L., Barrios, M. A., May, M. J., Schneider, M. B., Liedahl, D. A., Wilson, B. G., Urbatsch, T. J., Iglesias, C. A., Bailey, J. E., and Rochau, G. A.. 2017. "Replicating the Z iron opacity experiments on the NIF". United States. doi:10.1016/j.hedp.2017.05.006. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1358308.
@article{osti_1358308,
title = {Replicating the Z iron opacity experiments on the NIF},
author = {Perry, T. S. and Heeter, R. F. and Opachich, Y. P. and Ross, P. W. and Kline, J. L. and Flippo, K. A. and Sherrill, M. E. and Dodd, E. S. and DeVolder, B. G. and Cardenas, T. and Archuleta, T. N. and Craxton, R. S. and Zhang, R. and McKenty, P. W. and Garcia, E. M. and Huffman, E. J. and King, J. A. and Ahmed, M. F. and Emig, J. A. and Ayers, S. L. and Barrios, M. A. and May, M. J. and Schneider, M. B. and Liedahl, D. A. and Wilson, B. G. and Urbatsch, T. J. and Iglesias, C. A. and Bailey, J. E. and Rochau, G. A.},
abstractNote = {Here, X-ray opacity is a crucial factor of all radiation-hydrodynamics calculations, yet it is one of the least validated of the material properties in the simulation codes. Recent opacity experiments at the Sandia Z-machine have shown up to factors of two discrepancies between theory and experiment, casting doubt on the validity of the opacity models. Therefore, a new experimental opacity platform is being developed on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) not only to verify the Z-machine experimental results but also to extend the experiments to other temperatures and densities. The first experiments will be directed towards measuring the opacity of iron at a temperature of ~160 eV and an electron density of ~7 x 1021 cm-3. Preliminary experiments on NIF have demonstrated the ability to create a sufficiently bright point backlighter using an imploding plastic capsule and also a hohlraum that can heat the opacity sample to the desired conditions. The first of these iron opacity experiments is expected to be performed in 2017.},
doi = {10.1016/j.hedp.2017.05.006},
journal = {High Energy Density Physics},
number = C,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}