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Title: Detection of nanoparticles in carbon arc discharge with laser-induced incandescence

Laser-induced incandescence measurements were conducted in the carbon arc discharge, used for synthesis of carbon nanostructures. The results reveal two spatial regions occupied by dominant populations of carbon particles with different sizes. Close to the axis of the arc, large micron size particles dominate the incandescence signal. In the arc periphery, the dominant population of nanoparticles has diameter of 20 nm. Using a heat transfer model between the gas, arc plasma and the particles, it is shown that such a drastic difference in the particle sizes can be explained by evaporation of the micron-scale particles which move across the arc plasma towards the arc periphery. It is also hypothesized that mass evaporated from the micro particles contributes to the carbon feedstock for the formation of nanostructures. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Carbon
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0008-6223
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Contributing Orgs:
This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Nanotubes; Carbon arc discharges
OSTI Identifier:
1357609
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416413

Yatom, S., Bak, J., Khrabryi, A., and Raitses, Y.. Detection of nanoparticles in carbon arc discharge with laser-induced incandescence. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.02.055.
Yatom, S., Bak, J., Khrabryi, A., & Raitses, Y.. Detection of nanoparticles in carbon arc discharge with laser-induced incandescence. United States. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.02.055.
Yatom, S., Bak, J., Khrabryi, A., and Raitses, Y.. 2017. "Detection of nanoparticles in carbon arc discharge with laser-induced incandescence". United States. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.02.055. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357609.
@article{osti_1357609,
title = {Detection of nanoparticles in carbon arc discharge with laser-induced incandescence},
author = {Yatom, S. and Bak, J. and Khrabryi, A. and Raitses, Y.},
abstractNote = {Laser-induced incandescence measurements were conducted in the carbon arc discharge, used for synthesis of carbon nanostructures. The results reveal two spatial regions occupied by dominant populations of carbon particles with different sizes. Close to the axis of the arc, large micron size particles dominate the incandescence signal. In the arc periphery, the dominant population of nanoparticles has diameter of 20 nm. Using a heat transfer model between the gas, arc plasma and the particles, it is shown that such a drastic difference in the particle sizes can be explained by evaporation of the micron-scale particles which move across the arc plasma towards the arc periphery. It is also hypothesized that mass evaporated from the micro particles contributes to the carbon feedstock for the formation of nanostructures. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1016/j.carbon.2017.02.055},
journal = {Carbon},
number = C,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}