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Title: A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C279

Abstract

It is widely accepted that strong and variable radiation detected over all accessible energy bands in a number of active galaxies arises from a relativistic, Doppler-boosted jet pointing close to our line of sight1. Furthermore, the size of the emitting zone and the location of this region relative to the central supermassive black hole are, however, poorly known, with estimates ranging from light-hours to a light-year or more. We report the coincidence of a gamma (γ)-ray flare with a dramatic change of optical polarization angle. This provides evidence for co-spatiality of optical and γ-ray emission regions and indicates a highly ordered jet magnetic field. Our results also require a non-axisymmetric structure of the emission zone, implying a curved trajectory for the emitting material within the jet, with the dissipation region located at a considerable distance from the black hole, at about 105 gravitational radii.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi-LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357587
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 463; Journal Issue: 7283; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bock, D. C. -J., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Collmar, W., Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Corbel, S., Corbet, R., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Fortin, P., Frailis, M., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Iafrate, G., Itoh, R., Jackson, M. S., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kadler, M., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kawai, N., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kocian, M. L., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Macquart, J., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Max-Moerbeck, W., Mazziotta, M. N., McConville, W., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nestoras, I., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pavlidou, V., Pearson, T. J., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Readhead, A., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Richards, J. L., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shaw, M. S., Shrader, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stawarz, L., Stevenson, M., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Taylor, G. B., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Wehrle, A. E., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Ylinen, T., Zensus, J. A., Ziegler, M., Uemura, M., Ikejiri, Y., Kawabata, K. S., Kino, M., Sakimoto, K., Sasada, M., Sato, S., Yamanaka, M., Villata, M., Raiteri, C. M., Agudo, I., Aller, H. D., Aller, M. F., Angelakis, E., Arkharov, A. A., Bach, U., Benítez, E., Berdyugin, A., Blinov, D. A., Boettcher, M., Buemi, C. S., Chen, W. P., Dolci, M., Dultzin, D., Efimova, N. V., Gurwell, M. A., Gusbar, C., Gómez, J. L., Heidt, J., Hiriart, D., Hovatta, T., Jorstad, S. G., Konstantinova, T. S., Kopatskaya, E. N., Koptelova, E., Kurtanidze, O. M., Lahteenmaki, A., Larionov, V. M., Larionova, E. G., Leto, P., Lin, H. C., Lindfors, E., Marscher, A. P., McHardy, I. M., Melnichuk, D. A., Mommert, M., Nilsson, K., Di Paola, A., Reinthal, R., Richter, G. M., Roca-Sogorb, M., Roustazadeh, P., Sigua, L. A., Takalo, L. O., Tornikoski, M., Trigilio, C., Troitsky, I. S., Umana, G., Villforth, C., Grainge, K., Moderski, R., Nalewajko, K., and Sikora, M. A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C279. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1038/nature08841.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bock, D. C. -J., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Collmar, W., Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Corbel, S., Corbet, R., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Fortin, P., Frailis, M., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Iafrate, G., Itoh, R., Jackson, M. S., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kadler, M., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kawai, N., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kocian, M. L., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Macquart, J., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Max-Moerbeck, W., Mazziotta, M. N., McConville, W., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nestoras, I., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pavlidou, V., Pearson, T. J., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Readhead, A., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Richards, J. L., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shaw, M. S., Shrader, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stawarz, L., Stevenson, M., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Taylor, G. B., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Wehrle, A. E., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Ylinen, T., Zensus, J. A., Ziegler, M., Uemura, M., Ikejiri, Y., Kawabata, K. S., Kino, M., Sakimoto, K., Sasada, M., Sato, S., Yamanaka, M., Villata, M., Raiteri, C. M., Agudo, I., Aller, H. D., Aller, M. F., Angelakis, E., Arkharov, A. A., Bach, U., Benítez, E., Berdyugin, A., Blinov, D. A., Boettcher, M., Buemi, C. S., Chen, W. P., Dolci, M., Dultzin, D., Efimova, N. V., Gurwell, M. A., Gusbar, C., Gómez, J. L., Heidt, J., Hiriart, D., Hovatta, T., Jorstad, S. G., Konstantinova, T. S., Kopatskaya, E. N., Koptelova, E., Kurtanidze, O. M., Lahteenmaki, A., Larionov, V. M., Larionova, E. G., Leto, P., Lin, H. C., Lindfors, E., Marscher, A. P., McHardy, I. M., Melnichuk, D. A., Mommert, M., Nilsson, K., Di Paola, A., Reinthal, R., Richter, G. M., Roca-Sogorb, M., Roustazadeh, P., Sigua, L. A., Takalo, L. O., Tornikoski, M., Trigilio, C., Troitsky, I. S., Umana, G., Villforth, C., Grainge, K., Moderski, R., Nalewajko, K., & Sikora, M. A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C279. United States. doi:10.1038/nature08841.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bock, D. C. -J., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Collmar, W., Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Corbel, S., Corbet, R., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Fortin, P., Frailis, M., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Iafrate, G., Itoh, R., Jackson, M. S., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kadler, M., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kawai, N., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kocian, M. L., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Macquart, J., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Max-Moerbeck, W., Mazziotta, M. N., McConville, W., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nestoras, I., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pavlidou, V., Pearson, T. J., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Readhead, A., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Richards, J. L., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shaw, M. S., Shrader, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stawarz, L., Stevenson, M., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Taylor, G. B., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Wehrle, A. E., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Ylinen, T., Zensus, J. A., Ziegler, M., Uemura, M., Ikejiri, Y., Kawabata, K. S., Kino, M., Sakimoto, K., Sasada, M., Sato, S., Yamanaka, M., Villata, M., Raiteri, C. M., Agudo, I., Aller, H. D., Aller, M. F., Angelakis, E., Arkharov, A. A., Bach, U., Benítez, E., Berdyugin, A., Blinov, D. A., Boettcher, M., Buemi, C. S., Chen, W. P., Dolci, M., Dultzin, D., Efimova, N. V., Gurwell, M. A., Gusbar, C., Gómez, J. L., Heidt, J., Hiriart, D., Hovatta, T., Jorstad, S. G., Konstantinova, T. S., Kopatskaya, E. N., Koptelova, E., Kurtanidze, O. M., Lahteenmaki, A., Larionov, V. M., Larionova, E. G., Leto, P., Lin, H. C., Lindfors, E., Marscher, A. P., McHardy, I. M., Melnichuk, D. A., Mommert, M., Nilsson, K., Di Paola, A., Reinthal, R., Richter, G. M., Roca-Sogorb, M., Roustazadeh, P., Sigua, L. A., Takalo, L. O., Tornikoski, M., Trigilio, C., Troitsky, I. S., Umana, G., Villforth, C., Grainge, K., Moderski, R., Nalewajko, K., and Sikora, M. Thu . "A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C279". United States. doi:10.1038/nature08841. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357587.
@article{osti_1357587,
title = {A change in the optical polarization associated with a γ-ray flare in the blazar 3C279},
author = {Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Baughman, B. M. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bock, D. C. -J. and Bogart, J. R. and Bonamente, E. and Borgland, A. W. and Bouvier, A. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Burnett, T. H. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Cecchi, C. and Çelik, Ö. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Collmar, W. and Cominsky, L. R. and Conrad, J. and Corbel, S. and Corbet, R. and Costamante, L. and Cutini, S. and Dermer, C. D. and de Angelis, A. and de Palma, F. and Digel, S. W. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Farnier, C. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Ferrara, E. C. and Focke, W. B. and Fortin, P. and Frailis, M. and Fuhrmann, L. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giebels, B. and Giglietto, N. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Grenier, I. A. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hanabata, Y. and Harding, A. K. and Hayashida, M. and Hays, E. and Horan, D. and Hughes, R. E. and Iafrate, G. and Itoh, R. and Jackson, M. S. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, W. N. and Kadler, M. and Kamae, T. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Kawai, N. and Kerr, M. and Knödlseder, J. and Kocian, M. L. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Macquart, J. and Madejski, G. M. and Makeev, A. and Max-Moerbeck, W. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McConville, W. and McEnery, J. E. and McGlynn, S. and Meurer, C. and Michelson, P. F. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nestoras, I. and Nolan, P. L. and Norris, J. P. and Nuss, E. and Ohsugi, T. and Okumura, A. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Parent, D. and Pavlidou, V. and Pearson, T. J. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Readhead, A. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Reyes, L. C. and Richards, J. L. and Rochester, L. S. and Rodriguez, A. Y. and Roth, M. and Ryde, F. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Sanchez, D. and Sander, A. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Scargle, J. D. and Sgrò, C. and Shaw, M. S. and Shrader, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Stawarz, L. and Stevenson, M. and Strickman, M. S. and Suson, D. J. and Tajima, H. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, T. and Taylor, G. B. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Tramacere, A. and Uchiyama, Y. and Usher, T. L. and Vasileiou, V. and Vilchez, N. and Vitale, V. and Waite, A. P. and Wang, P. and Wehrle, A. E. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Ylinen, T. and Zensus, J. A. and Ziegler, M. and Uemura, M. and Ikejiri, Y. and Kawabata, K. S. and Kino, M. and Sakimoto, K. and Sasada, M. and Sato, S. and Yamanaka, M. and Villata, M. and Raiteri, C. M. and Agudo, I. and Aller, H. D. and Aller, M. F. and Angelakis, E. and Arkharov, A. A. and Bach, U. and Benítez, E. and Berdyugin, A. and Blinov, D. A. and Boettcher, M. and Buemi, C. S. and Chen, W. P. and Dolci, M. and Dultzin, D. and Efimova, N. V. and Gurwell, M. A. and Gusbar, C. and Gómez, J. L. and Heidt, J. and Hiriart, D. and Hovatta, T. and Jorstad, S. G. and Konstantinova, T. S. and Kopatskaya, E. N. and Koptelova, E. and Kurtanidze, O. M. and Lahteenmaki, A. and Larionov, V. M. and Larionova, E. G. and Leto, P. and Lin, H. C. and Lindfors, E. and Marscher, A. P. and McHardy, I. M. and Melnichuk, D. A. and Mommert, M. and Nilsson, K. and Di Paola, A. and Reinthal, R. and Richter, G. M. and Roca-Sogorb, M. and Roustazadeh, P. and Sigua, L. A. and Takalo, L. O. and Tornikoski, M. and Trigilio, C. and Troitsky, I. S. and Umana, G. and Villforth, C. and Grainge, K. and Moderski, R. and Nalewajko, K. and Sikora, M.},
abstractNote = {It is widely accepted that strong and variable radiation detected over all accessible energy bands in a number of active galaxies arises from a relativistic, Doppler-boosted jet pointing close to our line of sight1. Furthermore, the size of the emitting zone and the location of this region relative to the central supermassive black hole are, however, poorly known, with estimates ranging from light-hours to a light-year or more. We report the coincidence of a gamma (γ)-ray flare with a dramatic change of optical polarization angle. This provides evidence for co-spatiality of optical and γ-ray emission regions and indicates a highly ordered jet magnetic field. Our results also require a non-axisymmetric structure of the emission zone, implying a curved trajectory for the emitting material within the jet, with the dissipation region located at a considerable distance from the black hole, at about 105 gravitational radii.},
doi = {10.1038/nature08841},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = 7283,
volume = 463,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {2}
}

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