skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Starburst Galaxies M82 and NGC 253 with the Large Area Telescope on Fermi

Abstract

Here, we report the detection of high-energy γ-ray emission from two starburst galaxies using data obtained with the Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Furthermore, we detected a steady point-like emission above 200 MeV at significance levels of 6.8σ and 4.8σ, respectively, from sources positionally coincident with locations of the starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253. The total fluxes of the sources are consistent with γ-ray emission originating from the interaction of cosmic rays with local interstellar gas and radiation fields and constitute evidence for a link between massive star formation and γ-ray emission in star-forming galaxies.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Naval Research Lab. (NRL), Washington, DC (United States); National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States); et al.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357585
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 709; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8205
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic rays; galaxies: individual (M82, NGC 253); gamma rays: general; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A. Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Starburst Galaxies M82 and NGC 253 with the Large Area Telescope on Fermi. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/709/2/L152.
Abdo, A. A. Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Starburst Galaxies M82 and NGC 253 with the Large Area Telescope on Fermi. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/709/2/L152.
Abdo, A. A. Thu . "Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Starburst Galaxies M82 and NGC 253 with the Large Area Telescope on Fermi". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/709/2/L152. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357585.
@article{osti_1357585,
title = {Detection of gamma-ray emission from the Starburst Galaxies M82 and NGC 253 with the Large Area Telescope on Fermi},
author = {Abdo, A. A.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report the detection of high-energy γ-ray emission from two starburst galaxies using data obtained with the Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Furthermore, we detected a steady point-like emission above 200 MeV at significance levels of 6.8σ and 4.8σ, respectively, from sources positionally coincident with locations of the starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253. The total fluxes of the sources are consistent with γ-ray emission originating from the interaction of cosmic rays with local interstellar gas and radiation fields and constitute evidence for a link between massive star formation and γ-ray emission in star-forming galaxies.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/709/2/L152},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 709,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 119 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Detection of Gamma Rays from a Starburst Galaxy
journal, September 2009


THE LARGE AREA TELESCOPE ON THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE MISSION
journal, May 2009


The radial distribution of galactic gamma-rays. I - Emissivity and extent in the outer galaxy
journal, April 1984

  • Bloemen, J. B. G. M.; Blitz, L.; Hermsen, W.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 279
  • DOI: 10.1086/161873

The Parkes H I Survey of the Magellanic System
journal, February 2005


Evidence of a pure starburst nature of the nuclear region of NGC 253
journal, February 2009


Discovery of a bright radio transient in M 82: a new radio supernova?
journal, April 2009


The molecular gas bar in NGC 253
journal, October 1988

  • Canzian, Blaise; Mundy, Lee G.; Scoville, Nicholas Z.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 333
  • DOI: 10.1086/166731

The gas content of peculiar galaxies: Strongly interacting systems
journal, July 2004


The NRAO VLA Sky Survey
journal, May 1998

  • Condon, J. J.; Cotton, W. D.; Greisen, E. W.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 115, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1086/300337

The distribution of neutral gas in the Milky Way
conference, January 1992

  • Dame, T. M.
  • Back to the Galaxy, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.43985

Multimessenger Model for the Starburst Galaxy m82
journal, May 2009

  • de Cea del Pozo, Elsa; Torres, Diego F.; Marrero, Ana Y. Rodriguez
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 698, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/698/2/1054

High energy γ -ray emission from the starburst nucleus of NGC 253
journal, November 2005


Why are supernovae in our Galaxy so frequent?
journal, February 1999


The Hubble Space Telescope Extragalactic Distance Scale Key Project. 1: The discovery of Cepheids and a new distance to M81
journal, May 1994

  • Freedman, Wendy L.; Hughes, Shaun M.; Madore, Barry F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 427
  • DOI: 10.1086/174172

The GALEX Ultraviolet Atlas of Nearby Galaxies
journal, December 2007

  • Gil de Paz, Armando; Boissier, Samuel; Madore, Barry F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 173, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/516636

CRATES: An All‐Sky Survey of Flat‐Spectrum Radio Sources
journal, July 2007

  • Healey, Stephen E.; Romani, Roger W.; Taylor, Gregory B.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 171, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/513742

CGRaBS: An All‐Sky Survey of Gamma‐Ray Blazar Candidates
journal, March 2008

  • Healey, Stephen E.; Romani, Roger W.; Cotter, Garret
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 175, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/523302

Distances to nearby galaxies in Sculptor
journal, May 2003


A Search for Flux Density Variations in 24 Compact Radio Sources in M82
journal, June 2000

  • Kronberg, P. P.; Sramek, R. A.; Birk, G. T.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 535, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/308881

The Likelihood Analysis of EGRET Data
journal, April 1996

  • Mattox, J. R.; Bertsch, D. L.; Chiang, J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 461
  • DOI: 10.1086/177068

Diffuse Gamma-Ray Emission from the Starburst Galaxy NGC 253
journal, March 1996

  • Paglione, Timothy A. D.; Marscher, Alan P.; Jackson, James M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 460
  • DOI: 10.1086/176969

Diffuse Gamma Rays from Local Group Galaxies
journal, September 2001

  • Pavlidou, Vasiliki; Fields, Brian D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 558, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/322455

The Guaranteed Gamma-Ray Background
journal, August 2002

  • Pavlidou, Vasiliki; Fields, Brian D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 575, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/342670

Very-high-energy emission from M 82
journal, May 2008


The Araucaria Project. Determination of the Large Magellanic Cloud Distance from Late-Type Eclipsing Binary Systems. i. Ogle-051019.64-685812.3
journal, May 2009

  • Pietrzyński, Grzegorz; Thompson, Ian B.; Graczyk, Dariusz
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 697, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/697/1/862

High-energy emission from the starburst galaxy NGC 253
journal, January 2010


EGRET Observations of the Extragalactic Gamma‐Ray Emission
journal, February 1998

  • Sreekumar, P.; Bertsch, D. L.; Dingus, B. L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 494, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/305222

Diffuse Continuum Gamma Rays from the Galaxy
journal, July 2000

  • Strong, Andrew W.; Moskalenko, Igor V.; Reimer, Olaf
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 537, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/309038

The Galactic supernova rate
journal, June 1994

  • Tammann, G. A.; Loeffler, W.; Schroeder, A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 92
  • DOI: 10.1086/192002

The Starburst Contribution to the Extragalactic γ‐Ray Background
journal, January 2007

  • Thompson, Todd A.; Quataert, Eliot; Waxman, Eli
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 654, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/509068

The 1 parsec radio core and possible nuclear ejection in NGC 253
journal, December 1985

  • Turner, J. L.; Ho, P. T. P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 299
  • DOI: 10.1086/184584

Circumnuclear Supernova Remnants and H [CSC]ii[/CSC] Regions in NGC 253
journal, July 2000

  • Ulvestad, James S.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 120, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/301428

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Deep view of the Large Magellanic Cloud with six years of Fermi -LAT observations
    journal, January 2016


    Non-thermal insights on mass and energy flows through the Galactic Centre and into the Fermi bubbles: GC mass and energy flows
    journal, May 2012


    Deep view of the Large Magellanic Cloud with six years of Fermi -LAT observations
    journal, January 2016


    Correlation of Fermi Large Area Telescope sources with the 20-GHz Australia Telescope Compact Array radio survey: AT20G-1FGL
    journal, July 2010


    The radio-γ-ray connection in Fermi blazars: γ-ray-radio flux correlation in blazars
    journal, March 2011


    Non-thermal insights on mass and energy flows through the Galactic Centre and into the Fermi bubbles: GC mass and energy flows
    journal, May 2012


    Nonthermal particles and photons in starburst regions and superbubbles
    journal, October 2014


    The e-ASTROGAM mission: Exploring the extreme Universe with gamma rays in the MeV – GeV range
    journal, June 2017


    Fermi Large Area Telescope observations of Local Group galaxies: detection of M 31 and search for M 33
    journal, November 2010


    Excited OH + , H 2 O + , and H 3 O + in NGC 4418 and Arp 220
    journal, January 2013


    Starburst and post-starburst high-redshift protogalaxies: The feedback impact of high energy cosmic rays
    journal, June 2019


    Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies: an evla Survey (Chang-Es). i. Introduction to the Survey
    journal, July 2012


    THE FIRST CATALOG OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI DETECTED BY THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
    journal, April 2010


    GIANT GAMMA-RAY BUBBLES FROM FERMI -LAT: ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS ACTIVITY OR BIPOLAR GALACTIC WIND?
    journal, November 2010


    THE SECOND CATALOG OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI DETECTED BY THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
    journal, December 2011


    BLAZARS AS ULTRA-HIGH-ENERGY COSMIC-RAY SOURCES: IMPLICATIONS FOR TeV GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATIONS
    journal, March 2012


    GeV OBSERVATIONS OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
    journal, August 2012


    Star Formation in Atomic gas
    journal, October 2012


    FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE FIRST SOURCE CATALOG
    journal, May 2010

    • Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 188, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/188/2/405

    FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG
    journal, March 2012

    • Nolan, P. L.; Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 199, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/199/2/31

    MULTIBAND DIAGNOSTICS OF UNIDENTIFIED 1FGL SOURCES WITH SUZAKU AND SWIFT X-RAY OBSERVATIONS
    journal, September 2013

    • Takeuchi, Y.; Kataoka, J.; Maeda, K.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 208, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/208/2/25

    Star-forming galaxies as the origin of diffuse high-energy backgrounds: gamma-ray and neutrino connections, and implications for starburst history
    journal, September 2014

    • Tamborra, Irene; Ando, Shin'ichiro; Murase, Kohta
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 09
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/09/043

    Background model systematics for the Fermi GeV excess
    journal, March 2015

    • Calore, Francesca; Cholis, Ilias; Weniger, Christoph
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 03
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/03/038

    Cosmic ray feedback in the FIRE simulations: constraining cosmic ray propagation with GeV γ-ray emission
    journal, July 2019

    • Chan, T. K.; Kereš, D.; Hopkins, P. F.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 488, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1895

    Breaking the radio – gamma-ray connection in Arp 220
    journal, January 2019

    • Yoast-Hull, Tova M.; Murray, Norman
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz223

    Non-thermal emission from pulsar-wind nebulae in starburst galaxies
    journal, November 2012

    • Ohm, S.; Hinton, J. A.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 429, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/sls025

    The starburst galaxy NGC 253 revisited by H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT
    text, January 2018

    • Abdalla, H.; Aharonian, F.; Ait Benkhali, F.
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2018-03715

    DISCOVERY OF γ -RAY EMISSION FROM THE RADIO-INTERMEDIATE QUASAR III ZW 2: VIOLENT JET ACTIVITY WITH INTRADAY γ -RAY VARIABILITY
    journal, October 2016

    • Liao, Neng-Hui; Xin, Yu-Liang; Fan, Xu-Liang
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 226, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/226/2/17

    A Thorough View of the Nuclear Region of NGC 253: Combined Herschel , SOFIA , and APEX Data Set
    journal, June 2018

    • Pérez-Beaupuits, J. P.; Güsten, R.; Harris, A.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 860, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aabe8e

    Evidence of AGN Activity in the Gamma-Ray Emission from Two Starburst Galaxies
    journal, October 2019

    • Peng, Fang-Kun; Zhang, Hai-Ming; Wang, Xiang-Yu
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 884, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3e6f

    The Circinus Galaxy Revisited with 10 yr Fermi -LAT Data
    journal, November 2019

    • Guo, Xiao-Lei; Xin, Yu-Liang; Liao, Neng-Hui
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 885, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab44ba

    Fermi Large Area Telescope Fourth Source Catalog
    journal, March 2020

    • Abdollahi, S.; Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 247, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6bcb