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Title: Detection of the energetic pulsar PSR B1509–58 and its pulsar wind nebula in MSH 15–52 using the FERMI-large area telescope

Abstract

Here, we report the detection of high-energy γ-ray emission from the young and energetic pulsar PSR B1509 – 58 and its pulsar wind nebula (PWN) in the composite supernova remnant G320.4 – 1.2 (aka MSH 15 – 52). Using 1 yr of survey data with the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT), we detected pulsations from PSR B1509 – 58 up to 1 GeV and extended γ-ray emission above 1 GeV spatially coincident with the PWN. The pulsar light curve presents two peaks offset from the radio peak by phases 0.96 ± 0.01 and 0.33 ± 0.02. New constraining upper limits on the pulsar emission are derived below 1 GeV and confirm a severe spectral break at a few tens of MeV. The nebular spectrum in the 1-100 GeV energy range is well described by a power law with a spectral index of (1.57 ± 0.17 ± 0.13) and a flux above 1 GeV of (2.91 ± 0.79 ± 1.35) × 10–9 cm–2 s–1. Finally, the first errors represent the statistical errors on the fit parameters, while the second ones are the systematic uncertainties. The LAT spectrum of the nebula connects nicely with Cherenkov observations, and indicates a spectral break between GeVmore » and TeV energies.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi-LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357561
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 714; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays; ISM individual (G320.4−1.2, MSH15−52); pulsars individual (PSR B1509−58, PSRJ1513−5908)

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Asano, K., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Camilo, F., Caraveo, P. A., Carrigan, S., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., den Hartog, P. R., Dermer, C. D., de Luca, A., de Palma, F., Dormody, M., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Gotthelf, E. V., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hobbs, G., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Johnston, S., Kamae, T., Kanai, Y., Kanbach, G., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kawai, N., Keith, M., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Garde, M. Llena, Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Manchester, R. N., Marelli, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Rea, N., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Rodriguez, A. Y., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sander, A., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Starck, J. -L., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Thorsett, S. E., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Venter, C., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Weltevrede, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Yang, Z., Ylinen, T., and Ziegler, M. Detection of the energetic pulsar PSR B1509–58 and its pulsar wind nebula in MSH 15–52 using the FERMI-large area telescope. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/714/1/927.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Asano, K., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Camilo, F., Caraveo, P. A., Carrigan, S., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., den Hartog, P. R., Dermer, C. D., de Luca, A., de Palma, F., Dormody, M., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Gotthelf, E. V., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hobbs, G., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Johnston, S., Kamae, T., Kanai, Y., Kanbach, G., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kawai, N., Keith, M., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Garde, M. Llena, Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Manchester, R. N., Marelli, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Rea, N., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Rodriguez, A. Y., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sander, A., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Starck, J. -L., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Thorsett, S. E., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Venter, C., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Weltevrede, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Yang, Z., Ylinen, T., & Ziegler, M. Detection of the energetic pulsar PSR B1509–58 and its pulsar wind nebula in MSH 15–52 using the FERMI-large area telescope. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/714/1/927.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Asano, K., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Camilo, F., Caraveo, P. A., Carrigan, S., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., den Hartog, P. R., Dermer, C. D., de Luca, A., de Palma, F., Dormody, M., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Gotthelf, E. V., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hobbs, G., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Johnston, S., Kamae, T., Kanai, Y., Kanbach, G., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kawai, N., Keith, M., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Garde, M. Llena, Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Manchester, R. N., Marelli, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Rea, N., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Rodriguez, A. Y., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sander, A., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Starck, J. -L., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Thorsett, S. E., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Venter, C., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Weltevrede, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Yang, Z., Ylinen, T., and Ziegler, M. Thu . "Detection of the energetic pulsar PSR B1509–58 and its pulsar wind nebula in MSH 15–52 using the FERMI-large area telescope". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/714/1/927. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357561.
@article{osti_1357561,
title = {Detection of the energetic pulsar PSR B1509–58 and its pulsar wind nebula in MSH 15–52 using the FERMI-large area telescope},
author = {Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Allafort, A. and Asano, K. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Baring, M. G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonamente, E. and Borgland, A. W. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Camilo, F. and Caraveo, P. A. and Carrigan, S. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cecchi, C. and Çelik, Ö. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Conrad, J. and den Hartog, P. R. and Dermer, C. D. and de Luca, A. and de Palma, F. and Dormody, M. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Farnier, C. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Ferrara, E. C. and Focke, W. B. and Frailis, M. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Gotthelf, E. V. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hanabata, Y. and Harding, A. K. and Hays, E. and Hobbs, G. and Horan, D. and Hughes, R. E. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, T. J. and Johnson, W. N. and Johnston, S. and Kamae, T. and Kanai, Y. and Kanbach, G. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Kawai, N. and Keith, M. and Kerr, M. and Knödlseder, J. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Latronico, L. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Garde, M. Llena and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Makeev, A. and Manchester, R. N. and Marelli, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Michelson, P. F. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nakamori, T. and Nolan, P. L. and Norris, J. P. and Nuss, E. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Parent, D. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Rea, N. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Rodriguez, A. Y. and Romani, R. W. and Roth, M. and Ryde, F. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Sander, A. and Parkinson, P. M. Saz and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Starck, J. -L. and Strickman, M. S. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, T. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Thorsett, S. E. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Tramacere, A. and Uchiyama, Y. and Usher, T. L. and Vasileiou, V. and Venter, C. and Vilchez, N. and Vitale, V. and Waite, A. P. and Wang, P. and Weltevrede, P. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Yang, Z. and Ylinen, T. and Ziegler, M.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report the detection of high-energy γ-ray emission from the young and energetic pulsar PSR B1509 – 58 and its pulsar wind nebula (PWN) in the composite supernova remnant G320.4 – 1.2 (aka MSH 15 – 52). Using 1 yr of survey data with the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT), we detected pulsations from PSR B1509 – 58 up to 1 GeV and extended γ-ray emission above 1 GeV spatially coincident with the PWN. The pulsar light curve presents two peaks offset from the radio peak by phases 0.96 ± 0.01 and 0.33 ± 0.02. New constraining upper limits on the pulsar emission are derived below 1 GeV and confirm a severe spectral break at a few tens of MeV. The nebular spectrum in the 1-100 GeV energy range is well described by a power law with a spectral index of (1.57 ± 0.17 ± 0.13) and a flux above 1 GeV of (2.91 ± 0.79 ± 1.35) × 10–9 cm–2 s–1. Finally, the first errors represent the statistical errors on the fit parameters, while the second ones are the systematic uncertainties. The LAT spectrum of the nebula connects nicely with Cherenkov observations, and indicates a spectral break between GeV and TeV energies.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/714/1/927},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 714,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {4}
}

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The Likelihood Analysis of EGRET Data
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The hard X-ray emission from the complex SNR MSH 15-52 observed by BeppoSAX
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DISCOVERY OF NEW GAMMA-RAY PULSARS WITH AGILE
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Rossi XRay Timing Explorer Absolute Timing Results for the Pulsars B1821−24 and B1509−58
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Very High Energy Gamma‐Ray Observations of PSR B1509−58 with the CANGAROO 3.8 Meter Telescope
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A new, fast X-ray pulsar in the supernova remnant MSH 15-52
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The distribution of cosmic-ray sources in the Galaxy, γ-rays and the gradient in the CO-to-H 2 relation
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Evidence for a Pulsar Jet Producing a Hot Nebula in the Supernova Remnant MSH 15—52
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PROBING MILLISECOND PULSAR EMISSION GEOMETRY USING LIGHT CURVES FROM THE FERMI /LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
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An Atlas for Interpreting γ-Ray Pulsar Light Curves
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Discovery of the Inner Ring around PSR B1509$-$58
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The Generation of Nonthermal Particles in the Relativistic Magnetic Reconnection of Pair Plasmas
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