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Title: Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C

Abstract

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gammaray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. Finally, the known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi LAT Collaboration; Fermi GBM Collaboration 
OSTI Identifier:
1357451
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 323; Journal Issue: 5922; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma ray observations; gamma-ray burst; radiation mechanisms; gamma-ray telescopes and instrumentation

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Arimoto, M., Asano, K., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Band, D. L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Battelino, M., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellardi, F., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bhat, P. N., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bogaert, G., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Bonnell, J., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Briggs, M. S., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Burrows, D., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Ceccanti, M., Cecchi, C., Celotti, A., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Connaughton, V., Conrad, J., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., DeKlotz, M., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., Dingus, B. L., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Edmonds, Y., Evans, P. A., Fabiani, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Finke, J., Fishman, G., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goldstein, A., Granot, J., Greiner, J., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Haller, G., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Hernando Morat, J. A., Hoover, A., Hughes, R. E., Johannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kavelaars, A., Kawai, N., Kelly, H., Kennea, J., Kerr, M., Kippen, R. M., Knodlseder, J., Kocevski, D., Kocian, M. L., Komin, N., Kouveliotou, C., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Landriu, D., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lavalley, C., Lee, B., Lee, S. -H., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lichti, G. G., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Marangelli, B., Mazziotta, M. N., McBreen, S., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meegan, C., Meszaros, P., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Minuti, M., Mirizzi, N., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nelson, D., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paciesas, W. S., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Perri, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Petrosian, V., Pinchera, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Preece, R., Raino, S., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Rando, R., Rapposelli, E., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Rea, N., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Schalk, T. L., Segal, K. N., Sgro, C., Shimokawabe, T., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stamatikos, M., Starck, J. -L., Stecker, F. W., Steinle, H., Stephens, T. E., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tagliaferri, G., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Tenze, A., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Turri, M., Tuvi, S., Usher, T. L., van der Horst, A. J., Vigiani, L., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Waite, A. P., Williams, D. A., Wilson-Hodge, C., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wu, X. F., Yamazaki, R., Ylinen, T., and Ziegler, M. Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1126/science.1169101.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Arimoto, M., Asano, K., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Band, D. L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Battelino, M., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellardi, F., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bhat, P. N., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bogaert, G., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Bonnell, J., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Briggs, M. S., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Burrows, D., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Ceccanti, M., Cecchi, C., Celotti, A., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Connaughton, V., Conrad, J., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., DeKlotz, M., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., Dingus, B. L., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Edmonds, Y., Evans, P. A., Fabiani, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Finke, J., Fishman, G., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goldstein, A., Granot, J., Greiner, J., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Haller, G., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Hernando Morat, J. A., Hoover, A., Hughes, R. E., Johannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kavelaars, A., Kawai, N., Kelly, H., Kennea, J., Kerr, M., Kippen, R. M., Knodlseder, J., Kocevski, D., Kocian, M. L., Komin, N., Kouveliotou, C., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Landriu, D., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lavalley, C., Lee, B., Lee, S. -H., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lichti, G. G., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Marangelli, B., Mazziotta, M. N., McBreen, S., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meegan, C., Meszaros, P., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Minuti, M., Mirizzi, N., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nelson, D., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paciesas, W. S., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Perri, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Petrosian, V., Pinchera, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Preece, R., Raino, S., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Rando, R., Rapposelli, E., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Rea, N., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Schalk, T. L., Segal, K. N., Sgro, C., Shimokawabe, T., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stamatikos, M., Starck, J. -L., Stecker, F. W., Steinle, H., Stephens, T. E., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tagliaferri, G., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Tenze, A., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Turri, M., Tuvi, S., Usher, T. L., van der Horst, A. J., Vigiani, L., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Waite, A. P., Williams, D. A., Wilson-Hodge, C., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wu, X. F., Yamazaki, R., Ylinen, T., & Ziegler, M. Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C. United States. doi:10.1126/science.1169101.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Arimoto, M., Asano, K., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Band, D. L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Battelino, M., Baughman, B. M., Bechtol, K., Bellardi, F., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bhat, P. N., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bogaert, G., Bogart, J. R., Bonamente, E., Bonnell, J., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Briggs, M. S., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Burrows, D., Busetto, G., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Ceccanti, M., Cecchi, C., Celotti, A., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Connaughton, V., Conrad, J., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., DeKlotz, M., Dermer, C. D., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., Dingus, B. L., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Edmonds, Y., Evans, P. A., Fabiani, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Finke, J., Fishman, G., Focke, W. B., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goldstein, A., Granot, J., Greiner, J., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Haller, G., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Hernando Morat, J. A., Hoover, A., Hughes, R. E., Johannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kavelaars, A., Kawai, N., Kelly, H., Kennea, J., Kerr, M., Kippen, R. M., Knodlseder, J., Kocevski, D., Kocian, M. L., Komin, N., Kouveliotou, C., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Landriu, D., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lavalley, C., Lee, B., Lee, S. -H., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lichti, G. G., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Makeev, A., Marangelli, B., Mazziotta, M. N., McBreen, S., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Meegan, C., Meszaros, P., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Minuti, M., Mirizzi, N., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nelson, D., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paciesas, W. S., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Perri, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Petrosian, V., Pinchera, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Preece, R., Raino, S., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Rando, R., Rapposelli, E., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Rea, N., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Reyes, L. C., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Schalk, T. L., Segal, K. N., Sgro, C., Shimokawabe, T., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stamatikos, M., Starck, J. -L., Stecker, F. W., Steinle, H., Stephens, T. E., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tagliaferri, G., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Tenze, A., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Turri, M., Tuvi, S., Usher, T. L., van der Horst, A. J., Vigiani, L., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Waite, A. P., Williams, D. A., Wilson-Hodge, C., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wu, X. F., Yamazaki, R., Ylinen, T., and Ziegler, M. Thu . "Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C". United States. doi:10.1126/science.1169101. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357451.
@article{osti_1357451,
title = {Fermi Observations of High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from GRB 080916C},
author = {Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Arimoto, M. and Asano, K. and Atwood, W. B. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Band, D. L. and Barbiellini, G. and Baring, M. G. and Bastieri, D. and Battelino, M. and Baughman, B. M. and Bechtol, K. and Bellardi, F. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Bhat, P. N. and Bissaldi, E. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bogaert, G. and Bogart, J. R. and Bonamente, E. and Bonnell, J. and Borgland, A. W. and Bouvier, A. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Briggs, M. S. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Burnett, T. H. and Burrows, D. and Busetto, G. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Ceccanti, M. and Cecchi, C. and Celotti, A. and Charles, E. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Cominsky, L. R. and Connaughton, V. and Conrad, J. and Costamante, L. and Cutini, S. and DeKlotz, M. and Dermer, C. D. and de Angelis, A. and de Palma, F. and Digel, S. W. and Dingus, B. L. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Edmonds, Y. and Evans, P. A. and Fabiani, D. and Farnier, C. and Favuzzi, C. and Finke, J. and Fishman, G. and Focke, W. B. and Frailis, M. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giebels, B. and Giglietto, N. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Goldstein, A. and Granot, J. and Greiner, J. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Haller, G. and Hanabata, Y. and Harding, A. K. and Hayashida, M. and Hays, E. and Hernando Morat, J. A. and Hoover, A. and Hughes, R. E. and Johannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, R. P. and Johnson, T. J. and Johnson, W. N. and Kamae, T. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Kavelaars, A. and Kawai, N. and Kelly, H. and Kennea, J. and Kerr, M. and Kippen, R. M. and Knodlseder, J. and Kocevski, D. and Kocian, M. L. and Komin, N. and Kouveliotou, C. and Kuehn, F. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Landriu, D. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lavalley, C. and Lee, B. and Lee, S. -H. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lichti, G. G. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Madejski, G. M. and Makeev, A. and Marangelli, B. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McBreen, S. and McEnery, J. E. and McGlynn, S. and Meegan, C. and Meszaros, P. and Meurer, C. and Michelson, P. F. and Minuti, M. and Mirizzi, N. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Moretti, E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nakamori, T. and Nelson, D. and Nolan, P. L. and Norris, J. P. and Nuss, E. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Okumura, A. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Ozaki, M. and Paciesas, W. S. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Parent, D. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Perri, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Petrosian, V. and Pinchera, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Preece, R. and Raino, S. and Ramirez-Ruiz, E. and Rando, R. and Rapposelli, E. and Razzano, M. and Razzaque, S. and Rea, N. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Reyes, L. C. and Ritz, S. and Rochester, L. S. and Rodriguez, A. Y. and Roth, M. and Ryde, F. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Sanchez, D. and Sander, A. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Scargle, J. D. and Schalk, T. L. and Segal, K. N. and Sgro, C. and Shimokawabe, T. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Stamatikos, M. and Starck, J. -L. and Stecker, F. W. and Steinle, H. and Stephens, T. E. and Strickman, M. S. and Suson, D. J. and Tagliaferri, G. and Tajima, H. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, T. and Tenze, A. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Tramacere, A. and Turri, M. and Tuvi, S. and Usher, T. L. and van der Horst, A. J. and Vigiani, L. and Vilchez, N. and Vitale, V. and von Kienlin, A. and Waite, A. P. and Williams, D. A. and Wilson-Hodge, C. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Wu, X. F. and Yamazaki, R. and Ylinen, T. and Ziegler, M.},
abstractNote = {Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gammaray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB 080916C, with the largest apparent energy release yet measured. The high-energy gamma rays are observed to start later and persist longer than the lower energy photons. A simple spectral form fits the entire GRB spectrum, providing strong constraints on emission models. Finally, the known distance of the burst enables placing lower limits on the bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow and on the quantum gravity mass.},
doi = {10.1126/science.1169101},
journal = {Science},
number = 5922,
volume = 323,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {2}
}

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