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Title: Prospects for GRB science with the Fermi Large Area Telescope

Abstract

The Large Area Telescope (LAT) instrument on the Fermi mission will reveal the rich spectral and temporal gamma-ray burst (GRB) phenomena in the >100 MeV band. The synergy with Fermi's Gamma-ray Burst Monitor detectors will link these observations to those in the well explored 10-1000 keV range; the addition of the >100 MeV band observations will resolve theoretical uncertainties about burst emission in both the prompt and afterglow phases. Trigger algorithms will be applied to the LAT data both onboard the spacecraft and on the ground. Furthermore, the sensitivity of these triggers will differ because of the available computing resources onboard and on the ground. Here we present the LAT's burst detection methodologies and the instrument's GRB capabilities.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [3];  [8];  [9];  [1];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [15];  [10];  [16];  [17] more »;  [18];  [14];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [10];  [22];  [21];  [3];  [4];  [23];  [15];  [24];  [1];  [7];  [4];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [3];  [11];  [11];  [12];  [3];  [10];  [7];  [29];  [30];  [3];  [25];  [21];  [3];  [14];  [1];  [21];  [31] « less
  1. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  2. Stockholm Observatory, Stockholm (Sweden)
  3. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Pisa (Italy)
  4. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Trieste (Italy); Univ. di Trieste, Trieste (Italy)
  5. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  6. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Univ. di Padova, Padova (Italy)
  7. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm (Sweden)
  8. Max-Planck Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany)
  9. Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
  10. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  11. Univ. Montpellier, Montpellier (France)
  12. Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville, AL (United States)
  13. Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, Frascati (Roma) (Italy)
  14. "M. Merlin" dell'Univ. e del Politecnico di Bari, Bari (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bari (Italy)
  15. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  16. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Huntsville, AL (United States)
  17. INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Roma (Italy)
  18. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  19. Univ. of Hertfordshire, Hatfield (United Kingdom)
  20. Univ. Montpellier, Montpellier (France); Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville, AL (United States)
  21. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  22. Univ. Montpellier, Montpellier (France); CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Univ. Paris Diderot, Gif sur Yvette (France)
  23. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Perugia (Italy)
  24. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bari (Italy)
  25. Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)
  26. Univ. of Denver, Denver, CO (United States)
  27. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa (Japan)
  28. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Trieste (Italy)
  29. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  30. NASA Ames Research Center (ARC), Moffett Field, Mountain View, CA (United States)
  31. Hiroshima Univ., Higashi-Hiroshima (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357439
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 701; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays: bursts

Citation Formats

Band, D. L., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Battelino, M., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Bogaert, G., Bonnell, J., Chiang, J., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Connaughton, V., Cutini, S., de Palma, F., Dingus, B. L., do Couto e Silva, E., Fishman, G., Galli, A., Gehrels, N., Giglietto, N., Granot, J., Guiriec, S., Hughes, R. E., Kamae, T., Komin, N., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Longo, Francesco, Lubrano, P., Kippen, R. M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Moretti, E., Nakamori, T., Norris, J. P., Ohno, M., Olivo, M., Omodei, Nicola, Pelassa, V., Piron, F., Preece, R., Razzano, M., Russell, J. J., Ryde, F., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shimokawabe, T., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stamatikos, M., Winer, B. L., and Yamazaki, R. Prospects for GRB science with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/1673.
Band, D. L., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Battelino, M., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Bogaert, G., Bonnell, J., Chiang, J., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Connaughton, V., Cutini, S., de Palma, F., Dingus, B. L., do Couto e Silva, E., Fishman, G., Galli, A., Gehrels, N., Giglietto, N., Granot, J., Guiriec, S., Hughes, R. E., Kamae, T., Komin, N., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Longo, Francesco, Lubrano, P., Kippen, R. M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Moretti, E., Nakamori, T., Norris, J. P., Ohno, M., Olivo, M., Omodei, Nicola, Pelassa, V., Piron, F., Preece, R., Razzano, M., Russell, J. J., Ryde, F., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shimokawabe, T., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stamatikos, M., Winer, B. L., & Yamazaki, R. Prospects for GRB science with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/1673.
Band, D. L., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Battelino, M., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Bogaert, G., Bonnell, J., Chiang, J., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Connaughton, V., Cutini, S., de Palma, F., Dingus, B. L., do Couto e Silva, E., Fishman, G., Galli, A., Gehrels, N., Giglietto, N., Granot, J., Guiriec, S., Hughes, R. E., Kamae, T., Komin, N., Kuehn, F., Kuss, M., Longo, Francesco, Lubrano, P., Kippen, R. M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Moretti, E., Nakamori, T., Norris, J. P., Ohno, M., Olivo, M., Omodei, Nicola, Pelassa, V., Piron, F., Preece, R., Razzano, M., Russell, J. J., Ryde, F., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shimokawabe, T., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stamatikos, M., Winer, B. L., and Yamazaki, R. Tue . "Prospects for GRB science with the Fermi Large Area Telescope". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/1673. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357439.
@article{osti_1357439,
title = {Prospects for GRB science with the Fermi Large Area Telescope},
author = {Band, D. L. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Barbiellini, G. and Baring, M. G. and Bastieri, D. and Battelino, M. and Bellazzini, R. and Bissaldi, E. and Bogaert, G. and Bonnell, J. and Chiang, J. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Connaughton, V. and Cutini, S. and de Palma, F. and Dingus, B. L. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Fishman, G. and Galli, A. and Gehrels, N. and Giglietto, N. and Granot, J. and Guiriec, S. and Hughes, R. E. and Kamae, T. and Komin, N. and Kuehn, F. and Kuss, M. and Longo, Francesco and Lubrano, P. and Kippen, R. M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and McGlynn, S. and Moretti, E. and Nakamori, T. and Norris, J. P. and Ohno, M. and Olivo, M. and Omodei, Nicola and Pelassa, V. and Piron, F. and Preece, R. and Razzano, M. and Russell, J. J. and Ryde, F. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Scargle, J. D. and Sgrò, C. and Shimokawabe, T. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Stamatikos, M. and Winer, B. L. and Yamazaki, R.},
abstractNote = {The Large Area Telescope (LAT) instrument on the Fermi mission will reveal the rich spectral and temporal gamma-ray burst (GRB) phenomena in the >100 MeV band. The synergy with Fermi's Gamma-ray Burst Monitor detectors will link these observations to those in the well explored 10-1000 keV range; the addition of the >100 MeV band observations will resolve theoretical uncertainties about burst emission in both the prompt and afterglow phases. Trigger algorithms will be applied to the LAT data both onboard the spacecraft and on the ground. Furthermore, the sensitivity of these triggers will differ because of the available computing resources onboard and on the ground. Here we present the LAT's burst detection methodologies and the instrument's GRB capabilities.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/1673},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 701,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {8}
}

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  • Omodei, Nicola; Norris, Jay
  • THE FIRST GLAST SYMPOSIUM, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2757407

GRB Simulations in GLAST
conference, January 2007

  • Omodei, Nicola; Battelino, Milan; Komin, Nukri
  • GAMMA-RAY BURSTS: PROSPECTS FOR GLAST: Stockholm Symposium on GRB's, AIP Conference Proceedings
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The Fourth BATSE Gamma‐Ray Burst Catalog (Revised)
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Multiwavelength Afterglows in Gamma‐Ray Bursts: Refreshed Shock and Jet Effects
journal, August 1998

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Gamma-ray bursts and the fireball model
journal, June 1999


On the Association of Gamma‐Ray Bursts with Massive Stars: Implications for Number Counts and Lensing Statistics
journal, February 2001

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 548, Issue 2
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On the Consistency of Gamma‐Ray Burst Spectral Indices with the Synchrotron Shock Model
journal, December 2002

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The Synchrotron Shock Model Confronts a “Line of Death” in the BATSE Gamma-Ray Burst Data
journal, October 1998

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The BATSE Gamma‐Ray Burst Spectral Catalog. I. High Time Resolution Spectroscopy of Bright Bursts Using High Energy Resolution Data
journal, January 2000

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Dissipative Photosphere Models of Gamma‐Ray Bursts and X‐Ray Flashes
journal, August 2005

  • Rees, M. J.; Meszaros, P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 628, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/430818

Detecting the EBL Attenuation of Blazars with GLAST
conference, January 2007

  • Reyes, Luis C.
  • THE FIRST GLAST SYMPOSIUM, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2757351

The Cooling Behavior of Thermal Pulses in Gamma‐Ray Bursts
journal, October 2004

  • Ryde, Felix
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 614, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/423782

Is Thermal Emission in Gamma-Ray Bursts Ubiquitous?
journal, May 2005

  • Ryde, Felix
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 625, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/431239

Studies in Astronomical Time Series Analysis. V. Bayesian Blocks, a New Method to Analyze Structure in Photon Counting Data
journal, September 1998

  • Scargle, Jeffrey D.
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Severe Limits on Variations of the Speed of Light with Frequency
journal, June 1999


Relativistic ejecta from X-ray flash XRF 060218 and the rate of cosmic explosions
journal, August 2006

  • Soderberg, A. M.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Nakar, E.
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High-energy gamma rays from the intense 1993 January 31 gamma-ray burst
journal, February 1994

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A New Search Paradigm for Correlated Neutrino Emission from Discrete GRBs using Antarctic Cherenkov Telescopes in the Swift Era
conference, January 2006

  • Stamatikos, Michael
  • GAMMA-RAY BURSTS IN THE SWIFT ERA: Sixteenth Maryland Astrophysics Conference, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2207961

Correlative Spectral Analysis of Gamma-Ray Bursts using Swift-BAT and GLAST-GBM
conference, January 2008

  • Stamatikos, Michael; Sakamoto, Takanori; Band, David L.
  • GAMMA-RAY BURSTS 2007: Proceedings of the Santa Fe Conference, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2943427

Investigating the Lag-Luminosity Relation in the Swift Era with the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT)
conference, January 2008

  • Stamatikos, Michael; Ukwatta, Tilan N.; Sakamoto, Takanori
  • GAMMA-RAY BURSTS 2007: Proceedings of the Santa Fe Conference, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2943428

T[CLC]e[/CLC]V Burst of Gamma-Ray Bursts and Ultra–High-Energy Cosmic Rays
journal, December 1998

  • Totani, Tomonori
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Gamma‐Ray Bursts Have Millisecond Variability
journal, July 2000

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Prompt High-Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from the Synchrotron Self-Compton Process in the Reverse Shocks of Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, January 2001

  • Wang, X. Y.; Dai, Z. G.; Lu, T.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 546, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/318064

GeV-TeV and X-Ray Flares from Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, April 2006

  • Wang, Xiang-Yu; Li, Zhuo; Mészáros, Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 641, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/504151

High Energy Neutrinos from Cosmological Gamma-Ray Burst Fireballs
journal, March 1997


The Large-Sample Distribution of the Likelihood Ratio for Testing Composite Hypotheses
journal, March 1938


On the spectral lags of the short gamma-ray bursts
journal, April 2006


Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Swift Era
journal, February 2007


High‐Energy Spectral Components in Gamma‐Ray Burst Afterglows
journal, September 2001

  • Zhang, Bing; Meszaros, Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 559, Issue 1
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An Analysis of Gamma‐Ray Burst Spectral Break Models
journal, December 2002

  • Zhang, Bing; Meszaros, Peter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 581, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/344338

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    FERMI constraints on the high energy,  ~1 GeV, emission of long gamma ray bursts
    journal, December 2010


    CONSTRAINING THE HIGH-ENERGY EMISSION FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS WITH FERMI
    journal, July 2012


    Rapid Optical Follow-Up Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts
    journal, January 2012


    FERMI constraints on the high energy,  ~1 GeV, emission of long gamma ray bursts
    journal, December 2010


    CONSTRAINING THE HIGH-ENERGY EMISSION FROM GAMMA-RAY BURSTS WITH FERMI
    journal, July 2012


    Rapid Optical Follow-Up Observations of Gamma-Ray Bursts
    journal, January 2012


    Detection of a Spectral Break in the Extra hard Component of grb 090926a
    journal, February 2011


    Detection of a Thermal Spectral Component in the Prompt Emission of grb 100724b
    journal, January 2011

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    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 727, Issue 2
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    Collisional mechanism for gamma-ray burst emission: Collisional mechanism for GRB emission
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    High-Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts
    journal, January 2012


    MAGIC upper limits on the GRB 090102 afterglow
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    • Aleksić, J.; Ansoldi, S.; Antonelli, L. A.
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/desy-2014-01207