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Title: Radio-Loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 as a New Class of Gamma-Ray Active Galactic Nuclei

Abstract

In this work, we report the discovery with Fermi/LAT of γ-ray emission from three radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies: PKS 1502+036 (z = 0.409), 1H 0323+342 (z = 0.061), and PKS 2004 – 447 (z = 0.24). In addition to PMN J0948+0022 (z = 0.585), the first source of this type to be detected in γ rays, they may form an emerging new class of γ-ray active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Lastly, these findings can have strong implications on our knowledge about relativistic jets and the unified model of the AGN.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi/LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357423
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 707; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; quasars: general; galaxies: active; galaxies: Seyfert; gamma rays: observations

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Focke, W. B., Foschini, L., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kadler, M., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McConville, W., McEnery, J. E., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sambruna, R., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tagliaferri, G., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Ylinen, T., Ziegler, M., Ghisellini, G., Maraschi, L., and Tavecchio, and F. Radio-Loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 as a New Class of Gamma-Ray Active Galactic Nuclei. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/707/2/L142.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Focke, W. B., Foschini, L., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kadler, M., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McConville, W., McEnery, J. E., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sambruna, R., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tagliaferri, G., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Ylinen, T., Ziegler, M., Ghisellini, G., Maraschi, L., & Tavecchio, and F. Radio-Loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 as a New Class of Gamma-Ray Active Galactic Nuclei. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/707/2/L142
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Burnett, T. H., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Farnier, C., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Focke, W. B., Foschini, L., Frailis, M., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kadler, M., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McConville, W., McEnery, J. E., Meurer, C., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Rochester, L. S., Rodriguez, A. Y., Ryde, F., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sambruna, R., Sander, A., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Tagliaferri, G., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Uchiyama, Y., Usher, T. L., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Ylinen, T., Ziegler, M., Ghisellini, G., Maraschi, L., and Tavecchio, and F. Fri . "Radio-Loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 as a New Class of Gamma-Ray Active Galactic Nuclei". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/707/2/L142. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357423.
@article{osti_1357423,
title = {Radio-Loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 as a New Class of Gamma-Ray Active Galactic Nuclei},
author = {Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonamente, E. and Borgland, A. W. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Burnett, T. H. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cecchi, C. and Çelik, Ö. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Conrad, J. and Cutini, S. and Dermer, C. D. and de Palma, F. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Farnier, C. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Focke, W. B. and Foschini, L. and Frailis, M. and Fukazawa, Y. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giebels, B. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Grenier, I. A. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hayashida, M. and Hays, E. and Horan, D. and Hughes, R. E. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, W. N. and Kadler, M. and Kamae, T. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Kerr, M. and Knödlseder, J. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Latronico, L. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Makeev, A. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McConville, W. and McEnery, J. E. and Meurer, C. and Michelson, P. F. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nolan, P. L. and Norris, J. P. and Nuss, E. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Persic, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Rochester, L. S. and Rodriguez, A. Y. and Ryde, F. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Sambruna, R. and Sander, A. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Scargle, J. D. and Sgrò, C. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Strickman, M. S. and Suson, D. J. and Tagliaferri, G. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, T. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Tramacere, A. and Uchiyama, Y. and Usher, T. L. and Vasileiou, V. and Vilchez, N. and Vitale, V. and Waite, A. P. and Wang, P. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Ylinen, T. and Ziegler, M. and Ghisellini, G. and Maraschi, L. and Tavecchio, and F.},
abstractNote = {In this work, we report the discovery with Fermi/LAT of γ-ray emission from three radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies: PKS 1502+036 (z = 0.409), 1H 0323+342 (z = 0.061), and PKS 2004 – 447 (z = 0.24). In addition to PMN J0948+0022 (z = 0.585), the first source of this type to be detected in γ rays, they may form an emerging new class of γ-ray active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Lastly, these findings can have strong implications on our knowledge about relativistic jets and the unified model of the AGN.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/707/2/L142},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 707,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {12}
}

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  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts217

The ordinary life of the γ-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy PKS 1502+036
journal, June 2013

  • D'Ammando, F.; Orienti, M.; Doi, A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 433, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt778

The most powerful flaring activity from the NLSy1 PMN J0948+0022
journal, November 2014

  • D'Ammando, F.; Orienti, M.; Finke, J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 446, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu2251

Investigating kpc-scale radio emission properties of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies
journal, July 2018

  • Singh, Veeresh; Chand, Hum
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 480, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1818

FBQS J1644+2619: multiwavelength properties and its place in the class of γ-ray emitting Narrow Line Seyfert 1s
journal, January 2018

  • Larsson, J.; D’Ammando, F.; Falocco, S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 476, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty241

Exploring the physics of the accretion and jet in nearby narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies
journal, March 2018

  • Yao, Su; Qiao, Erlin; Wu, Xue-Bing
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 477, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty788

SDSS J211852.96−073227.5: a new γ-ray flaring narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy
journal, April 2018

  • Yang, Hui; Yuan, Weimin; Yao, Su
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 477, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty904

SDSS J094635.06+101706.1: a redshift one, very radio-loud, γ-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy
journal, May 2019

  • Yao, Su; Komossa, S.; Liu, Wen-Juan
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 487, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slz071

Correlation of Fermi Large Area Telescope sources with the 20-GHz Australia Telescope Compact Array radio survey: AT20G-1FGL
journal, July 2010


The radio-γ-ray connection in Fermi blazars: γ-ray-radio flux correlation in blazars
journal, March 2011


B2 0954+25A: a typical Fermi blazar or a γ-ray loud Narrow Line Seyfert 1≟: B2 0954+25A: a typical blazar or a γ-ray NLS1?
journal, July 2012


SBS 0846+513: a new γ-ray-emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy: SBS 0846+513: a new γ-ray-emitting NLS1
journal, September 2012


Powerful Relativistic jets in Spiral Galaxies
journal, January 2012


Gamma-ray Emitting Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxies: Past, Present, and Future
text, January 2019


What We Talk about When We Talk about Blazars?
journal, July 2017


Fast γ-ray Variability: A Common Feature and Powerful Probe for Jetted AGNs
journal, July 2018


Relativistic Jets in Gamma-Ray-Emitting Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxies
journal, November 2019


Relativistic Jets from AGN Viewed at Highest Angular Resolution
journal, December 2019


Mapping the Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxy 1H 0323342+
journal, September 2019


The Interacting Late-type Host Galaxy of the Radio-loud Narrow-line Seyfert 1 IRAS 20181-2244
journal, January 2019


Independent Estimation of Black Hole Mass for the γ -ray-detected Archetypal Narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy 1H 0323+342 from X-Ray Variability
journal, October 2018


General Physical Properties of Gamma-Ray-emitting Narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxies
journal, February 2019

  • Paliya, Vaidehi S.; Parker, M. L.; Jiang, J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 872, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ce

MOJAVE. XVII. Jet Kinematics and Parent Population Properties of Relativistically Beamed Radio-loud Blazars
journal, March 2019


Jet Power of Jetted Active Galactic Nuclei: Implications for Evolution and Unification
journal, July 2019


Patterns in the Multiwavelength Behavior of Candidate Neutrino Blazars
journal, April 2020


Gamma-Ray-emitting Narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, January 2018

  • Paliya, Vaidehi S.; Ajello, M.; Rakshit, S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 853, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaa5ab

A Recollimation Shock in a Stationary Jet Feature with Limb-brightening in the Gamma-Ray-emitting Narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy 1H 0323+342
journal, April 2018


Gamma-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies: Past, present, and future
journal, October 2019


The most powerful flaring activity from the NLSy1 PMN J0948+0022
text, January 2015